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Full text of "The 1864 election"

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The 1864 Election 



Opposition Campaigns 



Excerpts from newspapers and other sources 



From the files of the 
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection 



ll.2ao1.otS. i><(STf 



RESOLUTIONS 

PASSED BY A LARGE DEMOCRATIC MEETING 
HELD AT BENTON, LUZERWE COUNTY, PA, 

JULY 4th, 18$3. 




ORGANIZATION : 

The meeting was organized by the unanimous 
appointment of the following officers ; 

President of the day : Theron Finn, Esq. ; Vice 
Presidents : Thos. Smith, John Patrick, Lewis II. 
Litis, Henry Ager, William Owen, Eli N. Bacon. 
Daniel Howell, J. Van Ilusau, Wm. Hartly, Thos. 
Voyle, R. Cataback, and T. 0. Robinson ; Secre- 
taries: Alvah Van Fleet and Uriah Gritman. 



RESOLUTIONS : 

Wht-nat, It halh pleased God to permit us to 
Beet ince more under the (olds of our national 
Bag— that flag rendered sacred to every American 
heart by the glorious achievements of our patriotic 
fathers, whose hallowed dust is now sleeping in 
honored graves, and whose memories every true 
American and patriot mast ever revere ; we, the 
citizens of the counties of Luzerne, Susquehanna 
and Wyoming, now assembled (and for the last 
time it may be) to celebrate the Anniversary of 
American Independence, in this Union of States 
unbroken, many of which are now being desecrat- 
ed by an uuhoiy war, and drenched in fraternal 
hlooil ; and Whereas, We still love our country 
and Union nnd the Constitution framed by our 
fathers ; do now, in the name of reason, humanity 
and the obligations we owe to civilization, to our 
comm.jn country, and to our God, most solemnly 
protest against the further prosecution of this 
war against Southern States, or any State, for the 
emancipation of ne^ro slavery, for the subjuga- 
tion of Slates, or fur any other purpose than the 
settlement of an honorable peace between the 
North aud South ; and to this end we hold that 
the bloody experience of the last two and a half 
yea r s fully demonstrates the imperious necessity 
of calling fur a cessation of hostilities, and an ar- 
mistice between the belligerent parlies at the ear- 
liest possible moment, as the only practicable 
means of restoring peace and tranquility to our 
cow distracted country, and saving a further effu- 
sion of blood and useless waste of treasure ; as war 
and bloodshed cun never effect a reunion with the 
South, as our eNperience, and ttic futile experi- 
ments of the Lincoln Administration, fully demon- 
strate. The records of Liucoln aggressions and 
the reverses of his armies already show a state 
and condition in our national affairs of the most 
frightful aud ap| ailing character, with not one re- 
deeming fcaiuie to rest a single hope of Kuccess 
upon, while we cling to this dissolving Union of 
States, and to the glorious constellation of stars 
.and stripes with a pertinacious hold, praving to 
" Him who doelh nil things well,'' for the salva- 
tion ('four country and nation. We will uuite our 
supplicutious, with every patriot in the land, for 
a bpeedy dehverunce from Abraham Lincoln's 
bloody Abolition rule, aud the further desolation 
of our once prosperous country. 

And Wfitrto*, This once strong and hnppy 
people is now bowed down in the dust, mourning 
in the agony .mil tears of dissolution. Reason, 
justice, constitution and law no louger are regard- 
ed by the po\\ >-i .s that be; negro fanaticism, cor- 
ruption, and wickedness are now most potent in 
the counsels ol ibe nation at Washington. Upon 
every breeze ii> borne the snd lamentations and 
groans of nut hi, ul sorrow and Executive infamy 
in the hut in ul ! mulct wlu re the poor man dwells, 
ard in the nun muii wherj the more wealthy have 
their homes ■ ■ ll.e streets, in our churches, in 
the private tilt id circles of life — everywhere we 
turn our ex .. e belio:i' sorrowing faces, and the 
dark end t" "" ■ hubilimen's o! mourning. And 
with all tLe.-i e mingled the widow's woes cud 



orphan's tears. All these sad tigns of utversal 
humau suffering we behold in portions of on coun- 
try remote from tho battle-ueld or placeiwhcrc 
the contending armies have gone. What tie hor- 
rible scenes of blood and slaughter are >a the 
plains of carnage aud death, those only wrii have 
witnessed them can describe. We ask ourselves 
cow, as heretofore, for what end is all this sacri- 
fice of human life and national treasure ' And 
then, casting our eyes over the blood;." hiilory of 
this wpr, we find the only truthful ansver fiiat can 
be made is, " that Abraham Lincoln, like Csesar, 
might be great," and that the " nigg'r might be 
free." In view of this sad picture of our natioual 
affairs we come not here to day to rejriee a* in by 
none times we were wont to do on cash returning 
Fourth of July, when peace and prosperity were 
smiling upon our land and country. Today we 
must bow our faces down low in the dust, aud 
mourn for our bleeding country, now being smit- 
ten with a despot's hand, and mingle our tears 
with a sorrowing people, imploring God in His 
mercy to save this Union from eternal dissolution 
and the further curse of thi3 desolating war, so un- 
wisely provoked, and so wretchedly conducted by 
this corrupt Administration. We see in the Pres- 
ident and his Cabin, tan unhallowed ambition and 
wicked design to destroy our Uniou aud Constitu- 
tional government under the pretense of restoring 
the Uniou. A vain aud futile attempt to conquer 
and subjugate some of the States, whose armies 
thus far prove to be mote than equal to o'ir own, 
Northern Slates invaded. Washington a besieged 
city, the citizen -; Constitutional rights iguoied, 
and anarchy aud confusion all over the North, — 
Why, then, should we contribute more human 
victims to gratify the wicked ambition of Abraham 
Liucoln and his infamous Cabinet in the tain at- 
tempt to subjugate the South? In Washington, 
to-day, sits the President in the chair ot State, 
once occupied by the " Father of his Country," 
with his infamous retinue of advisers around him 
— all seething in 6iu and wickedness, and all un- 
moved by the ghastly scenes of death and horror 
almost constantly brought to their knowledge. 
The President with Ins huge feet upon the Con- 
stitution, the flag of this once proud nation, now 
dishonored, and dripping with human gore, while 
he, Abraham Lincoln, " a mau without a tear, " 
cries, " More men — more war — more money— and 
more sacrifice of fraternal blood." Add to all 
these, the legions of contractors, armv sneaks and 
myrmidons, who throng about the White House, 
bo'wing and '' bending the pliant hinges of their 
knees, that thrift may follow fawning J gobbling 
up the nation's wealth as jackals and vultures gob- 
ble up the life-blood of our people ou the battle- 
field -*»lM>tt t bo ■ d 'nY — wtfrd — t ' -o n ohi of dmJ l j 1 m > nlH irt 
subsides — aiid we have but the faint outlines of 
the President, his Cabinet, and their conduct ot 
the cruel, unholy war inaugurated by tho Lincoln 
Administration. The North cannot conquer the 
South aud hold them in subjugation with less than 
a standing army of 800,000 men, if at all. Do the 
people of the North dejire such additional burdens 
of taxation added to what Lincoln's Abolition war 
has already brought upon the country, and all for 
the sake of negio emancipation V Wo say, no. 
We protest against the f'uilher prosecution of this 
unconstitutional assumption of Executive power 
by the President, and for the further aud following 
reasons : — Abraham Lincoln is a Secessionist ol 
the raukesl dye, and advocated the right of revo- 
lution in Congress in 1818, aud practices to-day 
more wicked treason to the Constitution than Jeff 
Davis ever did in his life. (See Appendix to Cou 
gressional Globe, page 94, 13th Congress) If 
secession ia treason m Jell' Davis, the records 
show that President Lincoln preached in Congress 
in 1848, what Jeff Davia is practising in 1803.— 



Jeff Oavis and the South declare that tbey are 
fighting for their independence. Abraham Lin- 
coln says, " Let the Constitution slide," cries Un- 
ion and" negro, and goes in lor a monarchy, to be 
established when his term of office terminates, and 
to this end ignores the Constitution and the law 
of the land, under the plea of " military necessity," 
that infamous doctrine of all tyrants who ever 
cursed the world before him. There is a point 
beyond which human endurance cannot be forced, 
or induced to go, by threat, terror or sophistry. 
Abraham Lincolu has nearly brought the free 
citizens of the North to u line of universal resist- 

i anee to his mandates, which the signs all over the 

I North plainly indicate. Multiplied wrongs, suffer- 
ings, and insult, if I'm ther attempted by the Presi- 
dent, mav bring forth their bitter -flints, before 
the -lib day of March, lf'-n ; and we say to the 
President and his Cabinet," beware of the Ides or 
November," remember the history of other usur- 
[ eis and tyrants who have gone before you — or 
von uiay'liave use lor the army of the Potoraae 
besides that duty they are noiv 'engaged in, in or- 
der to secure you a safe conduct from the White 
House to Springfield, Illinois. Self-preservation 
is uttture's lirst law. Imbecility and rottenness 
are but poor safeguards for any tyraut and usur- 
per when the people become aroused. You have 
been " solving the wind," the ominous clouds are 
gathering in the North, East aud West, portend- 
ing a coming storm. Abraham Liucoln, arc you 
prepared for tho whirlwind of public indignation, 
a few more outrages ou private rights and the Con- 
stitution of the country may produce ? Count all 
the cost, before you push the free people of the 

| North to extremities; for, depend upon it, they 
will struggle loug and suffer much befoie tliey will 
surrender their personal liberties. 

Rtmlced, That if secession is treason now, under 
the Constitution and laws of the United States, it 
was treason in l*-tS ; and that by the rule of in- 
terpretation established by Abraham Lincoln's 
executive government he is guilty of treason, and 
for his numerous wanton violations of the Consti- 
tution of the United States he ought to be im- 
peached. 

Etiolced, That the election of Abraham Lincoln 
as President of the United States, was a burlesque 
upon our Government and a gross fraud upon the 
American people. His administration is a font 
blot upon our nation, and a stigma upon civiliza-. 
tion, worthy ouly of tho Crusaders of the barba- 
rous ages," he having betrayed the people and 
wickedly violated the Constitution in numerous 
instances, which his official oath solemnly bound. 
him before high heaven to "preserve, protect and 
defend." 

Ji'tsulCrJ, That we indorse the doctrines contain- 
ed in the two Gov. Seymours' letters to. the New 
Yoik Peace Convention. 

Jiesolved, That we will and do now, pledge " onr 
lives and sacred honor" to maintain free speech 
and a free press, to defend end preserve all our 
personal constitutional rights, and no man shall 
invade them nny longer with impunity, withont 
uuthorily of law andTegal process, and then, "m 
little child can lead us." We will support thj 
Constitution and faithfully observe the laws; pro- 
tect the citizen in the enjoyment of all his lawful 
rights from military aggressions, under all cir- 
cumstances, at all times ; and to this end we will 
trust in God and keep our powder dry. 

JitBolvtd, That these resolutions and proceedings 

be published in the "New York Daily News" and 

" The Caucasian," and the Democratic newspaper* 

of Luzerne, Susquehanna and Wyoming counties. 

THERON FINN, Pres't, 

A. VAHH.EBT, ) „ , . 

UniAH A. Gbitmah, I Secretaries. 



TB(B CSICAGO C 
«. nunrtalM #1 Oi»» MetlleTIiln's Mcr- 
^^-toScfc -f Mr. H«rrta-een. Georg. 
Ita-Bpeecn « ««• „_,_.ifci« «f An 



r 



bilrarT Arroato. . , ►•**» * 'A-fVi 

The telegraph haa already given the apirlt of 
the debate Which took place In tlw Chicago Conven- 
«ion on Aug. 8U when Gen. ««Ciw«'i ■•»• * M 
*rst brought forward iot the Pr-aW.ntl.l ***» 
Won, bat the following detailed resort, which we 
lake from the Chicago T**u, If worth placing upon 
record: , , . . ,„._ 

Kdtoiwiwmlnthe country. Hi. reeo'dls b e f °re 
8b« r onntrr. and no man date to say that there is a 
nt£ln uoonit, We havToome here from the down- 
Codden State of Maryland, and we do not desire o 
& pUcedin nomination the man most active , in 
S^rustnt her. We have been oppressed, as you 
Kow. AU ou right, have been trampled apart, and 
BM strong arm ol the military has been over us, a. t 
L^u nnon us now, as It was Instituted by your 
ESitaee. ?CoXton of applause and f n^. main- 
ly trim the galleries.] Admit the fact that all our 
liberties and rights have been destroyed, and I ask 

lustlce. in the name of honor, will you reward the 
E*n who struck the first blow 1 [Applause and 
Cu^r | FrSS th .indications I see here to-day. I 
fcare reason to fear that the man who has been :n the 
front of tMs usurpation will be the successful candl- 

**Mr LiVBBiM, of PennsyWanta-1 rise to a point 
•f order. There 'is no Question before the Conven- 

*' Mr. Ows. of Ohlo-I rise to a point of order. [Con- 

'°Tbe' Pksidmt-WIU the gentleman state his point 

* f Mr? Oils, of Ohio-My point of order 1* this: 
rHlssesand B yotee, "Give us free speech. ] It is 
Ei winst the speech I raise the question. My point 
2? orde •« nis! we have met here as a deliberative 
Jonveiftlon, to nominate a candidate for the Presi- 
Smct ano \A candidate for the Vice-Presidency and, 
»nile from these galleries are uttered such marks of 
sZlauseTnd disapprobation, we cannot proceed with 
«h» huiiness of the Convention. 

ThSpRMiMHt-I implore the Convention, and 
,bo.e ill"nmplore the nW thousands of freemen 
*e n assembled, in God's name, not to violate the 
freedom oTipeech on this occasion. [Loud cheer-. ] 
Me who will here is not a true friend of the Derno- 
Satte party [Cheers.] In answer to the gentleman 
17nm Pennsylvania I would say that the order now 
tt p eTe" alton'of candidate! tor the Presidency. 
Fcneersl The gentleman from Maryland is in or- 
IhV ?Aoblau.eT] But In saying this I trust that be 
tame courtesy and forbearance which are extended 
S Mm as "s right, will, on bis part, be reciprocated 
Clothing will' be said by blm such as to ooarato 
Mgamst whoever may be the nominee of this Con- 
tention. [Loud che erlne.] . 

Mr. Habbjs; lam m the habit of contending to* 
th™ liberty of speech; I have been censured on the 
ftoorof our State Senate for the exercise of that 
right : and my right on this occasion is to spcr.k t0 

She character of the men whom you have presented. 
claim It as a right to state that one of the men 
^hornyou have nominated 1. a tyrant. tHlssesaud 
ChVers.] Gen. MoClbllas was the very first jran 
tho inaugurated the system of usurping State rights. 
tUproar.] This I can proye. and I pledge myself. If 
,ou will hear me, to prove every charge in the in- 
dictment. And it is the duty of a jury when a charge 
Is made which Is proven, to convict and not reward 
^offender. Maryland has been cruelly trampled 
woonpytbie man, and I cannot consent, as a dele- 
vwate from that State, to allow bis nomina inn to ro 
'Enopposed. What you ask mo to do Is. in reality, to 
■upport the man who staged my own mother ; and 
I,Kr one-and I believe 1 speak for the whole dele. 
Jailou from Maryland-will never do II. Wejffl 
lever. oever consent that the State of Maryland shall 
fee eo dishonored. What, Is It a fact that yon oare 
Bottling lor the dishonor o! a sovereign State ? Is It 
really the case that vo» can consent, that the man 
«tbo overthrew liberty and crushed underfoot the 
Cr?in^iT«iitlansof a State shall receive reward In- 
fca«ofwSSm««t f« his tyranny! In old time. 
1. wm tna doctrine that an injury done to one State 
IvMan injury Innlcted on .if; and, Instead of re- 
JardlVtne perpetrator of the Injury, each State 
Ihoold ebmZ forward to resent it. Sow yoo propose 
i rVward It the shape of Presidential honors te the 
man who first set the lion heel of despotism upon my 
*t»te In the first place ac arrested— - 

Mr' Pwrtkbb, of Pennsylvania: I rise, Wt, to a 

?ent in a delegate, while rising, possibly to propose , a 
■andidaielorthePreildency, to discuss ihe metUl 
■T .nailer candidate 7 fCheers.] 

Th ilSwSS eentlemenof the convention, ttie 
■entleman from Pennsylvania has risen to a point of 
rder! Ill" tnli-whetMr a gcnileaan h» a rlghl 
n meslsnt Ing the name ol a candidate, to discus . ti e 
isSS r5 "fliers who have be*r. .■Iready Plteod I; 
!?i,in-,tion The chair ll of opinion Ibat, luasrouch 
I. U .. b. riRUt ol Ae'l Mefflefln presenting the 
•M»« ol a candWate. in nrRe censlderitlons In In 
tTor-HUeiSanytherlght^ others to ihM *• 
EerUsoIthai candidate. [Cheers.) But. wW le the 
Cbair thus teels \utlf Impelled to make th^t .lecl ion 
It once more appeals lo every delegatejosee that jhe 



^HaSiTfeldfog from a newspaper : The date 
• "his" Sep%m*er 12. ««, and it Is as foUowa : ' 

■Secretary's ef State. «ar. ft^.. i hss Deeu m r M 

P the ov^tJ.-toXre » ■ -o^rnm«t steS« at An- 
fcpolls * rT'v. t0 t he a r "isonorI a nd c^rry them to their 

S^at^i^ -h,t W-Kj^^'hwS yo h n 
;js vtij ^nPWWySjJSa but SI will eo ftr towards 



V£\n* highest regard. I am. my dear General, your I 

te: ' : ' SeSj CEOBGE B. MCCLEI,I,AN, | 

rthc <J»Ugale re^. this letter »m'd considerable j 

B •• '■:..;r , ."o".n!.r^No«. S>. tho* ♦« 4 j 

Is readmit be published In the Black Rep^nbilcan pa- 

P *Mr. MaS. 8 -I« h.,o*r .he ptttpos. ? f ^ 
Ing to this convention the character of U* man 
whom you have nominated, and H seems yooklolgl 
wish to hear II. £A Voice-" We know jit. 1 Yes, 
you know It, and yet you refuse to allow M .to be 
made known. [Three ehers were here called for 
MoClsilar, and were given with a will.] Well, sift 
thi-= is ine document on which Geosfk B. JMCl/LM- 
lam, in September. 1861. broke up the Legislature or 
a fovereian State, deliberately and with fell purpose. 
in order to exercise tvraiuy and oppression in ad- 
vance of Abraham Lincoln. Now beie is a man who 
his violated Hie laws of our Sute-here is a man 
who has dealt a fatal blow to the institutions of our 
conntry ; and yet you ask deltgUea from Maty and - 
—you ask those who sympathize with Marvland .( 
none <l.<e can syiapaii) :c-\ou atk mtti who 
aru still smarilng under the wrongf by Mo 
ClIWAB inflicted, to eo to the . polls aw! c^t 
their free vo'es for such .an one 



tti«-ir fr"e vo'es lor sveu -«i> "'-^ , - 
Why Mr. Present, how long do you suppose it 
wai slice the representaUves/ol Maryland wfere ^Im- 
muifc. within the walls of Foil vY3f«rf? |:xtnen 
rnoLths did Wallace, and Sen, and their cofcrariea, ] 
and colleogues. suffer Imrri onment within tl* WHIM | 
of tl at prison, deprived o.' the sympathy df their 
friends ard tho comforts of • ome. Sixteen long, 
.months the piifoacnorf were clo*ed upon thei". >na 
the rdr,n bv whom tbey were closed was i.Tr.-.n n. . 
McCi.«i.i.'n. whom you uidicme, as yom [avrki ■<■ to- , 
d«y. (Queers nod disapprobation.] Well, Sirl 11 owr-j 
upon fiie .. ts of Gen. McCi*u*s as not stiikitgHt , 
Sim ballol of the Plate ol Maryland. butHt»ry 
nnnis.n over the Legisl; lure ol th. S ate. An dial it ha 
•hargeovou can m^ko against AfWA«H SS'ELSS 
against HmjajUi Btnwa, I can make-anb ¥>**** 
against this -nan, Gsoaoa P-V? l.*M«- [ f t '-„' I 
coeers, and areat rjtmfnsion.] I now PMOeeilto an- 
other count in the lndlcimeut. On Oct, Z9lbj IS 1, no 
thus wrote : i [ 

'•Gmbhat.; There Is an apf-ctc- *™ at""- W*|Y™g; 
citizens in many parts of Maryland d art< ; <l nwr-. 
ference in tUc elerticu to take i lace outli «• ■ If ' "» 
vembernext. In order lo prevent tins- the Ms J* l.'U 
MScoimiannin2-taiMlwlo,g»ntl«n.en.wajti,e^ 

"eneral Command inn but Ufo* *!>. *fflgJMF& t& 
HKts vou to seta a sunicient detaebment ^vMmeVmm 
yMrMDl to see that nothing is allovnd to lnJ*rfere] 

•S^^.pw-WS^- "nterruptea with cje^fj 

••That's iirbi'" "<ioosV t™ar while' vodie.^s 
cheers were riven for Oen. MrCr.LTAS.] 

The PaasiMtBi-I trust this convention will pive 
the gentleman from Maryland a fair hew inri , You 
are notoniy dotefian injustice to that I9MWJ'" 
Inteiruptlna. bm"* Grn. McTnallA; alno. rLheers.] 
There "a no attaoKmade here which cannot °V™°. e 
•l»ewheie ; and the devoted friends who are . surPO rt n 
Ing him heJe desUe that all the enrraea which can 
be urged agklnsthfrn may be. preferred \j* on be. as 
mm fetl that Utey are each •""/"u'TZ , t re. 
aat.etacu.ry explanation. Utf>»4a«J»JJ gMJi> 
peat, thai those interrupUons on Ibe part W RU 
* Slence are not onlv onf lit to tne cause, "Must to be 
jgenueman from Maryland, but d«]us »_•*«»* J«n- 
gutshedman who has been placed las«M rraiion 
VrhHen l When the gentleman has concludsd nil, 

emsrksiand I trust he will be allowed to oo so 
wUhou ifnWnW interruptlon-a lull opportunity wUI 
be given to one in the convention »ho«t»»da ready 
to make the fullest explanation^ the course ol 
Can! MoCimauu [Prolonged cheers and cfles of 

" MrMilaRis-I. wanljiolMiuvSlXvtat (rJW &&* 
i Assure you. [Crlea ol '•Hurry up, for Gpd'a sak«p 
T One of the Ohio deleiatlon, Mr. HaaatSj/TIere 
-iraiked actoss the amphitheatre, and reque«t(«0 Mr. 
IUatuato goto the platfonu, which, after sora«nre- 
luctsnce, he consented to do. I 11 

The President rose amidst the prevailing, oonfu 
slon and said I I hope the convention *in allow th« 
gentleman iron Maryland to present hit remarks l.-< 
his own way. When be has said whut he desires tp 



shy, ffiete will be ample oppoitunltv to reply. 1 ' 
ADilTWak— I wishjtomove ihatthe speakers be 

'ThlTaisLnaa^-And the delegate iron! Maryland 
has not yet occuple* his hour. [A laugh.} i 

Mr Harris-I would have concluded long ago. 
Mr. President, except for the Interruptions that .have 
been made by this assembly itself, and, «*riilnly, 
you cannot take advantage of J° ur . ow ° w „ ro "£, a , n 2 
prevent me proceeding. (The speaker then read the 
remainder of the letter, which authorised Geo, 
Basks, In order to prevent those alleged ueaaonab e 
designs, to " suspend the writ ol habeas corpus. 
Now, 8 r, who feared the Dlsunlonlsts of Marviand 
would ever interfere with the Unlonlstat With he 
power in the hands ol the Administration, witb i the 
power in the hands of the Governor of Maryland, 
where in the name of God was ft to be supposed,^ ex- 
Tept in the mind of some, hypocrite^ Uiat 1 1 «■ necej 
sary for some military force to come Into the State 
and suspend that great writ, the ?ofr<ascor?«s? 
Cheers.] And why were these " DiWn'onMf, " of 
Maryland allowed to go at large till the day of 
election; said he, you must arrest them be- 
fore going to the polls and you may dis- 
charge them after the election. [Cheers] Why 
was this done? Why, if there was danger 
to the country in allowing these men to remain at 
laree were they not arrested til! the day of election . 
in the State by y order of this Gen. jts^OilttM 
tnlngs that we have charged so frequently against 

ABRAHAM LIHOOW, he. GEORGE B. McCtELlAN. has 

been guilty of himself. [Cheers and hisses.] Sir. he 
decla?es That, under the plea of military necessliy- 
that tyrant's plea of military necewlty— Abbabam Lni- 
coln has the power ol abolishing one ol the ir.st.tu- 
flon-! of Maryland, Mi'sonri. and Kentucky ;, the 
power of abolishing the Institution of Slavery-a 
great right that vou consider yourselves sound to 
protect, and to' protect Maryland, Missouri, and 
Kentucky, in protecting. Now. what have you to 
aay to this charge against Gsonoa B. McCwixArr. 
[Cheers and hisses.] You have to meet them one 
way or another, for they will be made by an oppo- 
nent, and It is better to hear them from a Democrat 
Before the canvass commences. [Cheers.] What, 
then, have you to say in his favor I Way, as a , m II- 
tary man, heihas been delea:ed everywhere [Cries 
of "No* no," and cheers.] Thfe siege of 
Richmond was not, I think, a success ; the battle 
of Antietam was rot a success, and lo him js a 
military leader yen have nothing whatever to brag 
of while you have eomblned with military Incapacity 
the tact that he has interfered with and destroyed the 
civil rights of the people. If Gen. McClellan. when 
Abraham LISOOW tola him to arrest the Legislature 
of Maryland, had said te him, " I have received a 
commission aa Commander at your hands-youcan 
take it back before I become a tyrant.' he would 
have stood before the world as a m?.n ; but inas- 
much as he received and ncted upon instructions 
which struck ? blow at civil iibertv.be became the 
mere tool of Abraham Lincoln. (Cheers and hisses.] 
1 recoiled the storv of a military man in the time ol 
Lows XIII. The King, Lens, bore much hatred to 
the great Cobdr, and, resolving to get rid of htm, 
senfa commission to a Marshal »' hi. army to pro- 
cure him some one who would dispatch him. 
The Marshal replied, "Sire, we have many 
brave and gallant rjoldiers in our armv, but we 
rave not one assassin." But Abraham Lincoln 
was able to find an assassin of State Igh* in 
GaoRGi B. ModaLLAN. [Cheers for Mod «^»« 
bis-es.] You abk me to go home to Marylaa -bouna 
and persecuted Maryland, which has suffers every 
imurv since the tyrant put his Iron heels upon lt- 
yo asi me to return there, and (forag forward to the 
polls vote for Gborob B. MoClmlht, the very man 
who destroyed her liberties. [Cheers.] You ask me 
to % i MM and see my friend. In the Maryland Legl^ 
lature-men who were put In prison, whose property 
was destroyed, and whose families were left beggars 
upon the world, and by orders ol this man ; ana yet^ 
remembering their Imprisonment and sufferings, I . 
amas^edtewalxup to the polls "«'•»*>['*?,; 
[Cheer*.] * cannot do it. I never will do it. [Loud 
cheers, hisses, and much excltemeni. a number cf 
the delegates rising to their feet -making gestures fae- i 
noting much reeling. 1 < I ' 

Mr'CiRRioAs, cf Pennsylvania— Mr. President, I 
rise to a point of order. The gentleman from M*y- 
land, In presence of this Convention, has i declajed 
that he will not vote for the gentleman who may be 
nominated by this convention. Having made such a 
s'atement I submit. Mr. President, that he Is not • fit 
member of this convention. [Cheers, mingled with 
cries, "Yes, yes ;" ' 'No. no."] I repeat, that the man 
who publldy declares wlthtn tbrr walls of the con, 
ventlon of the democratic rarty of the United States, 
that he will not vote for lis nominee Is not fit to be a 
member of the convention. [Loud cheers and ranch 

C °The pRisrosrtT-the gentleman from Panntyltra- 
nla rls»s to a point ol order— whether a memberiol 
the convention, having declared that he will not vote 
for the nominee of the convention, should be allowed 
to retpln Ms seat In the convention? Cries of No, , 

B M r , iumbjs-I am free to say that I will not do 

The PRCBinxriT-The decision of the Chair upon 
the point of order raised by the geatlrman frera 
Pennsylvania is, that tho.e who will not suwnlt to 
the decision of tho convention have no rlgni to take 
vtsrt In Itn r>roce«!d , mjs. [Great cheering.] I 

Mr. II ABXia thee left the platform and resumed His 
seat in the body of the hall. There Immediately fol- 
lowed a scene of considerable excitement, The mem- 
bers of (he convention nenrly all sprang to their fe£t, 
pome of them looking menacingly toward tne meti- 
ber from Maryland, around ,whom there was »cih« 
I jitgnt corarnoffotl. The etclttmcni.however^abjitttl 



ajinost »s ^OHsmy «» it was aroused, upon tbe rreit- 
dent call'.rg the conrentlon to order. J . 

Mr. Carbjuak— The psrsnnal relations existing be- 
tween the gentleman from Maryland and myself 
h?ve, ever ?We T have known him, been of the mqet 
friendly character : out In view. Sir, Of the marfcllty,, 
of this convention— it» political morsiity*of witico 
tcv spoke— 1 fp't mvself rorr.pelled at the momeut^he' 
made the ttectaratton be did. to rise to the point pf 
order. Nov, Sir, I respect the gentlemen, and, mil 
erd b"'ore, our relations have always;been friendly ; 
r.n'd I row move that the gentlomon have the privi 
ip., P f prore edlng With hie remarks in order, [I.oufl 
applau«6j ■ "■ . , • . . 

T'la President put the motion, which was carried 
by « nearly unanimous vote and amid loud clieertugv ' 

Mr. Underwoo*, of Kentucky— Mf. resident, ,1" 
regret exceedingly that the condition of my voice is i 
s»eh that 1 am liardlv able to be hea-d by this vast j 
,<■«, rrhiptro ; but J rise with a flew to attempt to pony I 
a iittleoll upon toe troubled waters. I trust, St*, 
that we sball have harmony— harmony »fl our edit*- 
ells ^rmonytri bui actions, bsimony- ineveryihlnf 
we do ; and I trust trie rtspits of oar assemblage 
here will 6* carries ent by (he united voire of the 
people when we return horn* [Gtirers.1 Allow me 
t* r-,y STr '("I T'carr-e litre, 1. si lug beft.re.,1 left 
home somewhat ciinsTflBTea the bbieoHons whirl 

«ame Is now beforefnie convention enl theJWffintrt, 1 
and woo Is lllurty to.be 'tbe candidate of this convert- | 
tion lor the PNeetdeney. * snppbeo otlier gentlemen, J 
eame in the same way : and. It we are to take up all j 
■the objections wljicb can be urged to ever? individual 
who hss been nsftiied here, task tlfls body When aral 
we to adjourn?, f.Cp«ers.J It is perfectly Irnprantl-l 
cable to follow this course. I presume from tsej 
fact of tbe American- people sending Iheii represen-' 
tatlves here, giving Instructions in some IiiaBwsWM 
and from the conferences which have taker) place 
among the delegations fince their ?.ssemb!'ise In this 
pta'-e, that titan objections have been generally con- i 
sideieoLapd tl<a,t w,ah«ve MOlf kere to vote rather i 
thaarWBMbusf [Cheers.] Now, sir, allow me to 
refer veil to two historical facts, which. I think, are 
a nom'Mete answer to sit "that has been urged by the | 
(jrntlrman from Maryland. In the warn) lbl- Gen. 
Jtsauf uxuecnt ho VKtoMhr Hartford ConvrMton, ana 
' iias inslrhctci by Mr. Madison, ,i/ there was an? dts- i 
position, shoton to commit 'on overt net of trs'irc/n, to i 
e tzt aU 4ht Meintrrs uf that body, [Laughter and 
cheers.} Gen. Jackfon, again, acting upon his own j 
r spnni-.HH'v, and without instructions from tl>i Prtsi- 
den' of tht Unite* States, in'erfercd untk th> !re,:rsla- , 
tvn of Lowi-aua ; and I would to God—!' iSe ocn- 
! *ecl!cin will pardon me— th.-.t we bad a Bish here 
i with ihaflrnn netve. that IrfleriMe in 1 !, that pcrcep- 
; tine ormenVehatHcter, thot dctemiii.o'ion and pat- 
riotisrn which Old Hlclsoty so eminently possessed . | 
rcri»r-v-t.] . 
A Vmcr— Wlividld you not vd'e for Um ■ I 
i'r. llm.tEtvoon— I had a preference lor HBFW 
rt.AY— [latiBhteO— and it tt!e gentli m»n. whoever r.e 
Is. who asued that: question wantea to discuss tr.e 
matter,! could readilv convince h*m that be'wouW 
hevs Pgreoa with nSe. [llenewerl laufrMtr.J islM 
did not r.-roie Bare to aavocate weali-kneeo pnnct- 
pie« ■ b'iM came he:0 because the country — v'icn I 
lr>,, Biihaii mv heH't, v. ith all mj :«oUl— is in lrnmi- 
i.. it aan^ei ol destruction. tCiiect?.] I came here 
to urlte wltb everybody wno is wiMinR io imsh with 
jr.? in order to roro'ove from office that misguided s«d 
iv. -..nnical roan who has brought the ration >nto Its i 
perllnus position. [L04WI cheers.] 
A Voipz— And do you wish to set up a greater ty- 

JM r. UitDHBtvoon— No, I do not ; ahd I hope the 
trentleman will »4low me to stale that, afier taking 
all th<,ae things Into ponsfdowtion, b'>* al »ioi.".c an i 
eln^S I c&me hero, ifhai p«rt ot the Keatucsy delega- 
tionwtrTi which I fea*e here lie's directed me to east 
five and one-half vq;_cs-aj l yen have al,nvr".> | ^-!or 
Gen.Osonaa BrtWOMOiH. [Enthaalftsttc cheets.J 
Gen. G. W. Moeoan, of Ohio-MR. Pbxsiwst ab» 
• G E **L«»fi)ivo*TM Coirrautiow. As a tu-rsonel friend 
and ffcrmer comrade in arms or Gfoeof. B. MdCMJi- 
l*n, I canoot rentaia <nllet updn thi» occasion' w m- 1 
out replvint; to ttfe Charges of the d S lingur,l,e« geflv ; 

• leinftD from MarylHiva.. «Sj»>M?J nJKSLi tT 
President, tnav the fftst assault upon the D«m" c n» ,l £ 
oar»ni2»lio» In UbU campatan should come from a 
ST Tcutirnfl to be a BeroocraV; and much mi>re 
Tl regret jEi. *P» I *«Wni«hed at the manner inJ 
VwStStmm *as made and the character o ! the 
charBp itself. L:^0 not impnte to the ger.uemnri 8 
Ses re o wi furT?and deliberately misrepresent the 

XaT^ W^A V bo.d.d Geo , B. B*^. 
nrre^t? I find the' tbe papef from which the gentle-, 
man reeds is the New-York JWUm.. and in replying 
w him. I will atsorepfyto his worthy co asso^ate, 
Mr. GasBJfT, of the SViiune. :At the ume these £[■ 
resu werTdtdeted. the Mervland ^E^^ture was 
In session at Annapolis. Gen. Jos*pbt Joiwbtok 
was? in Command of th* rebel army «; 
wTtkherteT. Tbew ina "* conspiracy .on idoU 

Tu W K^o acSish the invasion of M ary- 
land7 This Legislature was in communication wth 
Get. job. Joaasion, oncof the best and most disiliv 
guished Generals in the Confederate , army. Tnis 
i filature was to have passed an ordinance of b«- 
^sslon- he genaeman knows the meaning of tha 
ferm_ hey were to have withdrawn to the town of 
FrSfctcr antl there isstwd tbe ordinance ol seces- 
hoc i and, in direct ana Immediate concert with this 
ordinance, Jodmtos was to invade Maryland »tth an 
overwhelming force; and certain men in Maryland 



— trie jremieuian cu;i a«it«««st wuo— were to nave 
aroused the people of Maryland In arms against the 
eoWereignty Of tr» Unltetf States. Gen. GSOEeg B. 
M3Cu.Ki-i.Aa, then Commauder-ln-Chief o» our ar. 
mies, had he acted otherwise than he did, j*ould 
have been stuilty of treason himself. 1 knov? well 
the worthy eentleman from ilaryland does not know 
Georgi B. McCleilar. He calls him a tyrant. Why, 
Sirs, if there us one man beneath the heaven* v .tiQ Is 
not « tyrant, that man is Georoi B. Mci.lxuak. 
[Cheers.] Ii there is one man who Is a lo*er oi lib- 
erty, one man who has combined In himself me gen- 
tleness of a woman and the courage of e lion, that 
nian is Geo. B. McCleu as. I App'ause.1 '! nsse facte 
1 anew nlvself. They were representedto me at the 
tima they occurred. 1 have t iam in Dlack and white 
from Gr.o. B. McClbllah himself. Moreover, but two 
nights ago, Gen. Burke, of the United Suites Army, 
was in tnis city. He took tea with me. and during 
the evening ttiie Maryland matter was talked about, 
arid be tola me the lect that he had at that time com- 
mand of the American forces at Lee^burgh. for the 
purpose of watching the efforts of Joe Johnston in 
connection with his associates of Maryland. He' told 
me that he had been lnformea by Gen. MoCurLUHv- 
at that time, of all the facte, and was instructed to 
keep watcb and ward both over the traitors within ' 
Maryland and the traitors beyon<! the rivet, tip- , 
plaufe.j Now. Sir«, this ts a br'el statement of the 
tacts, f did not Intend or expect to liore opened my j 
lips upon this occasion, but before talcing my seat J. I 
mustspean of another point. The gentleman has 
found a mare's nest. The gentleman talkF of troors 
being sent bv Gsoroe B. McClElLAN to suppress the 
liberty of tbe ballot, Why, the vciy order itself 
states in distinct words that the object ol the troops 
sent there wns to protect the Union cltir.T>s. who, it 
was feared, would be deprived ol their right of a free 
vote by intimidation at the ballot box. These ave the 
UQtnistaksble liistoilcal facts conuecteil with these 
transactions and with these people. They v.tre.mcn 
who had been over in Virginia, and. when o"r roon- 



try became unfortunately involved in tbls civil war, 
tjiey were in direct communication with ths Southern 



Generals. In accordance with the lav. p. of v.» r these 

' commur.irat'on 

invasion of 



people, who were guilty of direct cc 
with the enemy, and wno invited th 
Maryland, by the laws of war, tnr.ead o? being ar- 
rested would have been executed rs sp s e 5 . for such, 
tbev were. 1 TheV vj'efe COrnrhiir.IcalinE tn<r>roJat!orj 
to the enemy. Thev were puil'y of high treason in 
furnishing the enemy with mloruiation and a^ir." - 
these men and the intended intimidation at the polls 
this order was sivoc. My frierids, 1 only roae to mske 
tuts statement, and to dt35. bv.se your minds or the, nc 
doubt, unintentional <mlsstatements set forth by the 
dis''n"ui t 'hcd genileman who gave utterance to then 
as they were published bv Horace Gpf.m.f.v. Put 1 
will ^ay this, that I not oh!v know Gen. McCisllaij 
now out have known Mm from boyhood. I knew 
him when e, bov o! sisteen, and a truer Democrat 
never lived. [Cheers.] His whole hear tsi inspired 
with Inve for the Democratic party, and a veneration 
amounting almost to worship for Mice great demo- 
cratic principles taught by JarrinsoK at.d Mapisoh, 
and as iaught by the immortal Jackbos. But I tell 
you. keowing this man as I do, i say witn a ceitaintv 
thatinpassinj: over at this time, in this great emer- 
gency of ortr country, great and distinguished states- 
men, men of high ability, deserving the conhdenee ol 
the people, and' singling out that man, gives the best 
evidence. rf<n only of his purity and patriotism, not 
only of his qualities as a warrior, but of nl« wise 
sagrcity a* a ratriot statesman. [Loud cheerlnf.] 



|c#»ttK'W t '* «s*v* "* 



fYk-t 



tuai iie, Abraham Lincoln, would •'preserve, 
protect and defend" the Constitution of the 
United States. And theu came the proposition 
in Congress for a settlement, the resolutions of 
the patriot Crittenden; and the offer of the 
Southern Senators to accept them as a settle- 
ment if voted for by the Republican members; 
which offer the Republicans rejected to a man ! 
Great Heaven ! Was hell unbarred and the de- 
mons oi perdition permitted to exorcise 
these men in the Senate and House clothed 
with interests so vast '. On .one hand peace 
with all its blessed influences, ou the other 
hand war— civil war with its desolating train. 
" States dissevered, discordant, belligerent;" 
the widow's anguish, the orphan's plaintive 
wail; the scorn of the civilized world, and, 
beyond all this, the curse of an offended God, 
who, when He had taken upon himself the na- 
ture of man, said, " blessed are the peace 
makers, lor they shall be be called the children 
01 Hod." Then came the " Peace Congress," 
and the letters that were written by the 
Republican Senators and members to the 
Governors of tee various States, to 
send as delegates men of back bone 
who were opposed to compromise. A fair 
specimen of these letters was that of Senator 
Chandler of 'Michigan, who wrote, "there 
are symptoms of caving in on the part of 
Indiana and some other Slates; Send still- 
backed men. Without a Uttle blood letting 
this country (the Republican parly) will not be 
worth a rush." Then came the Commissioners 
from South Caroliua—and the pretty little game 
of fast and loose played with them by the Hou- 
01 able Secretary of State, who while giving 
them to understand that the status at Fori 
Sumter should be maintained, was quietly tit- 
ting out a vessel in the harbor of this city to 
provision and garrison the fori. Then came 
the firing on our hate at Sumter, consequent 
upon the aforesaid little game. The Republican 
party was saved, and the Union was lost ! Then 
came the call for 75,000 troops, and then came 
from the mountains and the valleys, from the 
saloons oi luxury and the cot of penury, from 
the desk and the anvil, one spontaneous shout, 
The Union, it must and shall be preserved ! 
Then came Bull Run, and then came the 'unan- 
imous resolutions oi Congress "That this 
WSJ was waned in no spirit of conquest, 
but for the Constitution and the laws, with 
all the rights and dignity oi the sev- 
eral States to be preserved unimpaired 
and then came— ah ! my fellow cillz ens— then 
came the young hero who is to be our next 
President. ' Yes, then came, in response to the 
call oi the sovereign people, as he now conies 
in response to the same sovereign cull, George 
li. McClellan, who, in a wonderfully brief space 
of tirut. organized, and not only organized, but 
disciplined a splendid army, and when the 
loads were in condition to move he morcliot! 
his forces, and I he enemy retire:! from his 
front. And then, when the Administra- 
tion found themselves t-«ii- behind im- 
pregnable bayonets, commenced the fire in hio 
rear thiLt has la;<t< d Irom that hour to the pres- 
ent. 1 must hasten to a conclusion. He went 
to to the Peninsula. By nis splcrtdi I engineer- 
ing qualities he was enabled, by the much de- 
ildeci pick and spade, to drive the enemy from 
the formidable works before Yorktown. He 
pursued iliein to Williamsburg— fought them 
and defeated them. So at \\ est Point and at 
Hanover Court .House, lie marched lus vic- 
torious army to within sight of the steejiles of 
dichmond. Then' he called tor McDowell's 
Corps— upon the expectation of his receiving 
Vi hich his plans had all been taki a. ilia request 
was. refused. He pledged Ins soldierly honor 
that with that Corps he would march into Rich- 
mond. But no. it was not in the programme. 
Meantime the Confedcraic forces. knowing his 
difficulties with the authorities at Washington, 
determined to crash him. You all know chere- 
11 1 will here assert that, if General Mc- 
Clellan should gain an hundred victories, they 
would not contribute io his lame as a soldier as 
v." ill be accorded him in history for that 
masterly Peninsular retreat. Theu came 
i'ope, whose bivouc was in the saddle. 
ana who knew no baselines of retreat. And 
then, when Pope was driven back upon Wash- 
ington, came through pallid lips the cry to 
save the capital, ami then the voting horo 
gathering up the broken, scattered, and de- 
KioraiiKed iorees of Pope, march up the Poto- 
mac, met the victorious ley ions ol Lee at. South 
Mountain, his.ownchO! en ground- defeated hha 
—encountered liim again ;■:■. "Aulietamy' drove 
liiut across the I'olomac- and then as soon as it 
w pctribie. hJ'Ut providing for his shoeless ar- 
i»f\ Tercsicd the river, and v. idle the. country was 
almost Hourly stutflcri ami ■!• ilglii; tl v :itli his 
H'cccscfnl occupation of rhe dirten ni mountain 
gaps, die v/hc-le country wu-< ■■larllco by the 
;isiouni! ; )!g iiiiiioujicdfii-ijl .".i l McClellan had 
been ordot d to Ti< ntou. '/'! ■• mm i, .;,.■.- thai 
on the Weak IK-eeinher mr.ir.b'y eddied' omul 
thetentscf that gailaut Army of the I utomuc 
chilled their Iruuies, hul in the love i'oi iheir 



i.h-2 
llu t 



id 



!Jy 



Mat, as 

■ J fll:d 



idolized commander their hearts wee warm; 
but this order Mas an icebolt driven 
ioto the heart of every soldier in thai Potomac 
army. I could light it out ou this '.ineali 
night, but time admonishes n.e that 1 nihil 
close. Remember, my fellow-citizens, 
value ol the freeman's oalot. The jewel t 
sparkle in t> e kingly diadem will nut cot 
i ti . nine to I he American fr-.-emaii's b.ii 
November next. Do but > uuv duty ;. 
Vr ill be a redeemed and rejoicing people 
MA'ir.ti w :m!.k siurn's , n.r.t u. 

" J must speak, to-night, a few words 
old commander George 11. Mcdojlaii. 
no i. swop torses crossing the t-tveam. 
tLooidhor<;c ha* proved biind, spavin 
baulky, 1 think we'd better irv ;. i-uu-a of the 
Antietam breed. [Loud cheers.] Now, cltinc-as, 
there is not in the United Stales as popular a 
man as George.''. McClellan; and that • wiiat's 
the mj.',tcr, and has been Bin.ce luci. The people 
this Administration to centralize the power so 
as to overthrow the State judiciary by invoking 
the assistance of an act of Congress which al- 
lows them to take suits of resistance out of that 
State in which they have occurred and curry 
them beyond the limits ol your own jurisdiction. 
No, citizens, no Executive shall dare encroach 
on your rights. You have a great struggle be- 
tore you; let none deter you trom your holy 
purpose, which is to re6loro to this iand consti- 
tutional liberty. Thou on ihe 4th of March will 
the sun gild the spires of the cities oi a tree 
people in a free land! God bless you all. and 
once more good night! [Great enthusiasm, 
anud which Mr. Curtin retired.] 

Mr. Isaac Coleman was the next speaker, and 
in a few remarks defined the sense of the word 
" Democrat" and the plans oi" the party. The 
wealthiest of all men, said the speaker." should 
be Democrats. Tuey should all look to legis- 
lation for the masses. The interests ot all 
should be protected. Therefore all Democrats 
are indeed the poor man's friends. George B. 
McClellan and J. H. Pendleton are Demo- 
crats and therefore should be known as such. 
1 want you all to cast your votes for these 
Democrats, and to call upon them for the vindi- 
cation of jour downtrodden rights. Gentlemen, 
we'll sec how honest Old Abe will act. hut i 
presume we have bone and sinew enough in 
the Democracy to assert the rights of American 
citizens. (Loud cheers.] Aif these men ask 
is tor you to support them on election day. 
[Voices': '' We will."] Fellow-citizens: I will no 
longer delay you; follow my advice; vote the 
Democratic ticket ; vote tor McClellan and 
Pendleton. Good night to you all. 

The speaker retired and was succeeded by 
Mr. Thomas T. Everett, who spoke as follows: 

Citizkss: 1 am here to discuss a few oi' those 
topics which now occupy the public mind. 1 
knew these truths are too much appreciated by 
you xo require much explanation on my part. 
We listen sorrowfully to the Autumn winds 
signing through the leafless forest trees, but we 
know their breath will be soft and vernal in 
the Spring, and we know the flowers will bloom 
again, fair and rejuvenescent as ever. But 
where can we point to a single free common- 
wealth on whom the umjei of resurrection 
has descended, and to whom it has brought 
again life and happiness, without efforts on the 
part ot its tenants. Citizens : Wc have a l inula- 
mental form of government which has been for- 
gotten for the past three years and a half. We 
arc hero to-night to prove that the principles 
now upheld are not in accordance with those- 
ot our Constitution and laws, without which our 
freedom and rights can never be maintained. 
[Cheers]. In spite of all the threats lhat may oe 
hurled at us by the Administration press, 
we will come and gave the country. [Enthusi- 
ElStie cscera.] Now we have but one course 
ol policy to pursue; that which the Democracy 
has followed tor years. We must ralij around 
ihe gallant soldier, the honest citizen, the pure 
Christian, George B. McClellan. 1 congratulate 
this assemblage that while unuer the despotism 
ol the present Administration, George h. Mc- 
Clellan and George 11. Pendleton have been 
nominal ed. and will again place this country in 
a rank with itc sister nations. That great Union, 
which we were v. ont to contemplate with respect 
and veneration, we have only to weep, when 
we behold the ruins ot that grand edifice 
which our toreiaihers erected. We have seen 
Lhc Executive, sword in hand, leaping over all 
tin rules prescribed by our great Magna Charta, 
and oven abolishing that most sai red ol . ights, 
the writ of habeas corpus. If wu are not to 
have a free bailot. we will have a tree light. 
[Tremendous enthusiasm.] We have o:u- lu 
our midst who v. .11 recognise our rights an 
American citizens. Many [1001110 demand wnat 
the Deinocratii parly intends to do. Let all 
lisl< n. We ii.li ud to save the Union and Consti- 
tution, ami threw open Ihe rusted gules of every 
I'ci.eraJ bastile. We iultnd 10 iiotd out the 
elite braiieh o: peace to our en inn Southern 
brc.iiu.-tu. VYehav. no right to demand of them 
concessions which are unconstitutional. Wu 



will sav, cento with, us and "discover the true 
ifceling between The two sections. Lee us conic 
i:i convention, discuss ail these Questions and 
u.-iojv k> i'li in- glory the edifice erected oy our 
t'Oii ..tin is. ihe Southern population demand 
an honorable and dignified peace, resulting in 
the reeou sun 01; mi of the Union, which Was 
^i\ ,n u.-. ami v. hich baa, in the couvse of time 
tuoi -ju! i.s to il.e climax cf national greatness 
a:-ui power. We iiud in the reeeii manifesto 
of the Pre J:\'ni chat ho will not discuss 
conditions or peace nuiess Slavery be at 
once abolf-itid. We see that he will not 

•til •••.'»' illih U!( ,/,!', btl'UgglC to be suspended 

e icn though peace, blessed peace, may oj 
the ni; in.au u-; it 0; otii" ■nogotiations. Now 
i'hen, ;.: the i.ooi-Ic uii.-'e ajtd deny to Mr. 
Liia oi:'; I'.ie '.u".;: .0 malce ^:iy imconFtitntiona! 
ilfrrHM'i <^i :;..> Sionth^ra ppople. i^i cojiclu= 1 
siou, i i, .'..:• ;. in :is honest Democrats, tc .{>:> 
to the |)oils ami a.i.- your ticket btauly. ssiyiug 

IO 'Co.' 1. ,.;te 1 "l.t-. tl -it Wheil i.I;,-y it. let vllC 

rights cf ihe Aisjcticaa people v. e "shall taue it 

uj o'.t '■ ; :':t i'-. . ■■- to inaugurate a free tight. 



[G 


: .' ■: ■ 


.ri'her t 'Ci.rod ard the Chau nan, 


v ,. 


,o:'4 *C r 


i.-.Ttl . ki'i'esst.ti a few words to the 




•1 j.. 11. ;i.; 
?'.uaI..oe 


. r^ankag me sptJ'.ators for tneir 
ivi.j fshort'.ng them to do chr-ir 

:i, :':■. :<; t'hea dcoiar; .1 ih-.j meet- 



i.r. i.. ;1 r:.','i tittllod the ; u,it-:.n^ to i.rier, \ 
!!■ V» '.Ham II. Eoreppci took the Cha;r, *ud 
the- w;'.;.v.'n f ; additional ofi'ieers were eiocted : 

'BimeuBBUv.— Vfin. H. Kuoop.'ei 

V:;.i l'...;. £ ))lU'.;H'.-.i. 
! '<■ rSii:ir..\ Pf.. -vfifa). Jlui'AS Kuella-. 

r'.i-.. . ,i 7'"/it7, 1 .-. n. 1'oixim.urx, 

J'JUE W. Wu-iJi, (.'I'.to. i. Va-u.v ,Lo;-. 



JokD A. O-wlv-, 
t'aii.p Utrtuu-, 

iboulfi Borger. 

AdOju Moyu'tio'."^ 
Can Nftijf?. 
Gt-orpe Ou, 
Wni. 1). HruiM, 
M:ut,u l'tei;. 



Krw). Bcmat, 
LOUU B«iufuo», 

I"hai» Bcbca. 
Jxcob Marc*. 
Malli. Oo^Aaul. 
Ji)hn Nlepotti. 

Mania k !§■■<• 



cKORETARlKfl. 
I'ailip Sdimidt, Henry .4caie*. 

li. heiiletter, Henry nenjfot, 

Auyu.-t Tai;tp!r,K-ii.s, Loots Munit 

S.itiiuel Ht-tcb, (ieorge Butcher, 

Herman hiuoiniur. Juuob Kuerstn, 

Jompa fcuuiuueuser, J C. Hauec, 

l':ed. H«ut/oid. 

After a brief but pertinent address by Dr 
Puch, Dr. A. Berkman epoke a« follows : 
si'Euou or' nit. bkkkman. 

Four yeai-s have passed over our heads full 
of violations of law. full of experiences, which 
have taught the Democracy a bitter lesson. 
But we have deserved of all this, because there 
was no point in any of our former platforms, 
and owing to this the sentence of death was 
pronounced against our party, but it is not 
yet dead, aa this larire gathering shows. 
I have seen in the West filly and even a hund- 
red thousand Democrats united, lull ot enthusi- 
asm, all imbued with the intent to unite on the 
platform and the man we have to elect. No 
sound Democrat can and dare think of the past 
but must look hopefully to the future. The 
convention had laid down a platform advising 
peaceable means, if we can, for the reconstruc- 
tion ot the Union. We must go to the South 
and tell them: We are all brothel's, wo have 
one country, one destiny, why should we 
held to make capital for the princes of Europe 
ready to pounce upon this beautiful country ? 
The nomination has told tearfully upon the op- 
position. They were before the Convention all 
afraid of McClellan, and are now, more than 
ever. Even to-day, Mr. Iteunett has declared 
that the Chicago Convention w;us under pay of 
Napoleon. Is th's not ridiculous ? The peace 
party never dreamt ot doinjr so. The 
peace party will re-establish the Union, and if 
that is done, then Ihe urmy and navy will be 
free, and then good-by Maximilian. And is 
Max. not the pet of Napoleon » We have ad 
candidates, G. B. McClellan and G. H. Pendle- 
ton, one a warrior and statesman, the other an 
able statesman. We must support and elect 
them. [Cheers.] 

It. Berkman sat down amid loud applause, 
when Sum. HiiM-h, Esq., look the stand, speak- 
ing substantially u^ follows: 

SPEECH 01' S. Hl&CU, E.--Q.. 
Oi all our costly privileges taken irom us, thul 
oue of free assemblage has remained, and wc 
must mank (iod for it. The party now in power 
hn* the only object to liberate the negro, and 
in this .spirit ruled the country. Shad a country 
once reputed intelligent, continue to worship 
this idea, and admire the wisdom of Abraham 
Lincoln. [Cries no, no !) The platfonui Is ah 
that we can wish for. The Constitution ithdi 
was a mere compromise, and no one can look 
upon it in a different light. Another point in 



cue piatiorin is opposition 10 cue despotic acts 
of the Administration, and particularly in refer- 
ence to the coming elections. Is this not a glor- 
ious principle, and is it not fair to presume the 
bearers of this platform will carry it out. Freedom 
of speech is another one of the cardinal prin- 
ciples of that plattorm. a right which has beea 
denied to us for four years. We see every day 
how much the name of MuClellan imbues his 
opponents with horror, for to-day it is rumored 
that they ure concentrating their lorces by 
making peace among themselves. The pre- 
sence of the men who are living near Ihe 
scene of war, and had been sui- 
fercrs by the wars, was the principal 
motive for framing the platform as it has been 
framed. Because those men depicted the hor- 
rors of war, the peace plank w as put In under 
the condition of an lionorable compromise. The 
unitv of the States is the object attained by the 
olive branch and not the sword. Thus we shall 
a-n,in be happy under the rulo 01 George 11. 
McGTellan and George 1'endieion, as the Revo- 
lution had Its George, and as ueeea.-ity now is 
more pressing, we have two Georges. 

At the close of these remarks G. N. Hermann, 
Esq., addressed the meeting substantially an 
lollops: 

SPEECH OK (1. W. HKltllMANN. 

His a wise rule in the Constitution, that 
every four years there shall be a change of ad- 
ministiatlon. Scarcely has there been a re- 
election except in the case ot Washington, 
Jefferson, Adams and Jackson. When this war 
broke out a Senator wrote to the Governor ot 
Michigan, the Union would not be wortk a 
curse without a l.ttle bloodletting V" How the 
bloodletting is carried on you all know. But 
Ihe people are tired of bloodletting. They have 
said that we must have peace by a Convention 
of the States. The platform was made by men 
like Amos Kendall and Thomas H. Buymour, 
Horatio Seymour and James Guthrie, and if 
these men can agree to it, we can surely ratify it. 

The names of your candidates, George B. Me- 
Clellnn and George B. l'endleton are lamlliarto 
everybody who has lollowed the destinies of the 
country. We have a fearful enemy to contend 
with, tor Abraham has got behiud hiin a pow- 
eilul aimv of contractors, plenty of •iieenbacks, 
all his assessors and other officeholders, all ot 
whom are combined against us. Wo must or- 
ganize in every ward, every town and every 
house, for u we do uot succeed now we are 
ruined as a country. 

After an address bv Mr. Rhein In German and 
a few remarks bv Govs. Seymour of New York 
und Wkkline of Kentucky, aa adjournment 
was had. 



Jf 



± 



m~tmamui caipaige ' 

FBEM6NT HATIFICITOS MEET ISO 

Immense Gathering at the 
Cooper Institute. 

Tlae Radical Democracy la 
U*e Ifield. 

Tiie Cleveland Cfemvention Plat- 
form Adapted. 

"flO MORE GOVL-RNMENr LYNCH LAW." 

«mWM fpg HAS m TUB CRISIS." 

Sieves by r 0. Gilbert, -Dr. 0. A, Browns^,; 
Hon. Mr, j^eib^yne, of Missouri j Roa A 
Jfityi {JoaLraiie ami Otlient 



■— "-■■^■■^■■"- — 



J lb) graocS 



'**■—**•**'*&'***£**'******■**■** ****** 

nut ahoad of' his ticket in tho lust 
^Campaign 



I 
4 



On lb' i iQolumasot -Utd'biAU'ona wer* tbe following 
mottoes i: — 



**** t *** * ***> ■* * *<*• 

■FOR PRESIDENT, 

lis I'aihunder <jf Freedom, 

JOliWiC. FREMONT. 

JOR VICE PRESIDENT, 

'N«w Yosit's gallant bob, 

JOBN>COCHRANE. 

rr*** ******* ********************* tt********* ** *********& 
WtOtli -fltaucit, FBKE I-KESS, FREE US.N, I 

.1 BRIE NAI10N AND HIKBOH 1'. ? 

j Four years mnro-ef Lincoln And of war. J 

1 Forbid it Heaven and Fremont. 

S B ' ' r~ ' *i' * ' * " ' * in i j i r r r mrr ff rf »-»** T'-'vr' 

Aintitig uthefe. iba following; — 

*§>*****■**&-*********'**************** *p~ ******* **^ti **** **•!*} 

'" FREE DOOU TO KEHKIiS, J 

UHEffiOiM kXO THE .RATION, * 

aud 4 

fiREM.'"NiT FOR THE WHI'SE HOUSE. 



^ 



Mr. S'/w»ird at tl&e Balt'iu^®;e 
Sanitary Fair. 

fu.mmm mm m the indupm^^t, 

&«W &c.. .■&«. 



■Y'WorjsJer lnasa^attorlnsof the "r *ilfja> uoaiocraey". 
' #im tolii* mi out. .of- the Cooper lor A llut o bar, evening, 

A>rtiUn purpose Of -ratifying the C »'.,«teud Convention 

4lekor,-tocaluatlD,/. Joan C. Fromo ^ r or president aoU 
jean Cochrane fhr.-'Vlte President of ■ ,, fi0 uoiled States-for 

•Uie' issuing term Outside two Mlaods were erected, 
from which tho/je wjo could not i flusMbe "fcutlding were 

'addressed by various speakers. 

•Inside the bvdlfMng itself was f a^ger, listening, tnthu- 

'■elastic looking aad applauding n Muitude, as groat In num- 

*»«.'8ub BDylhlng thai eve.. I lie Coopor' Instlluta ilseir 

- sould boast iof in any lime pas j 

The imLoanse.tmll never sh ^4 itB6ll - B0 i«- rt aicaliy'> 

• ane o the radical democracy ^ s lt . d)U laBt n ,-ht, and 

■ Mver put -on bo bright an a; '^sarance. Every cue of its 
duniernua columns was d e:Ae< i wita sUryy toners, 
pending irom which were 1 mall w j, We fla g gi bearing pa- 
triotic and political motto M perliuenl to the time, the 
iieoasion.aBclJhoatruggl. jmcw inaugurated for the occu- 
p*ooy of ibo Y^hile Houi m , ln , 1865j and tte w j' e |ding of 
the PreBidfcatta) power jn-Jbo great republic in the mo- 
anentous crisis before tt . Around the walls numerous 
mitoes of similar cha motor were hung, many of which 

•were unique fin their' way and « X clled mnch pleasant 
oommeut among the 1 UBiileaca previous to the opening of 
the pro«eedlDga. A tew ur them aro noticed below. 

The iuunense plat form was 'brilliant- with light, with 
lage, *Uh bannei ^ transparcnoiea, mottoes, il lustra- 
lions, wreaths ar lt ,fl 0W ers. lletweoD the centre col- 
se'fi'onn 'wblch on eiihor side, was a 
.vuss wlth-tfi6 ueual-declaraliou.— 



union, and droopi 



deep etrlpe of can 
to***************** 



I 



H)05.> 



I 



*****<***■***■' 1 



lor Presiileni, 
■JGllN 0. FREMONT. 
Kw Vlco Picsidarnt, 
J«1.N .COOHKaNE. 



1865 



***$> 



Under t'ulB v jjwe. two Ulostratlone — one the Temple of 
Freedom, ins'^e of -which Mr. Lincoln was represented, 
while outside , was «*« Goddess nsrsalf seated, and stand- 
lag beside I $ mai General Frecnont, pointing to Mr, 
Iiinc>in and .eiclaimlug ''tiberty dethroned." 

On the 0': jiHjr aj^ waH a j drawing of a rooster, sur- 
loundcd w itehesoroll, boarlng the- words:— 



**Q 



\ 



'.'Jdene, Meii« Teliel 

Xlnculn.woitihed.iu tlio balance, 

,Au& muud.wunmig. " 

*** *****>?*** 



j 

r''jisski lientoc ; Freuiost, > 

To restore the 4-tulty ol the VVcuo House." \ 
*****!***.** ********** S *** *.,- J J ************ *****it^**Q 
Tno _bear4ng .if Ihe.auCieuuo. jir^vioua to the opeujig of 

the iirocssdiiiys -i* veccUiibi"™" — "*■ •*"" •"*" " " 

opiui ns audiVaingS^vvJi^cirwei'B put font frem tiuie to 
lluie during '•■■•e subsequent praceediUKS aud tlio jjiod 
huiiv.r aud i'r.jibeejan..e ^nioU.mirlied the proceed iu^E to 
tn« eud Th«iali ji Frt;wQnt meul.!ug l ,lliora was uuama- 
uktably a nooU^p.-iuUlioj; ot Linoulailes .presoul; b^l 
upon waaitver sfjrosideot, or .<aud;duto, or cubis-at 
ollir.or ih^y agreadiiridiaagieed,. more was. one cuiaids 
rulyiugery u,iun -.which til combined, aid to whiob. 
l-rotailaut paitisiiis, rorg»ti:ngI''rt'moiit and Lincoln, m- 
aponded ».th an ■ouUiusiasiu which ^overul timss inter- 
irupiail ihe .speakers. This >tas the call for chetra (or "O, 
B. M^clo.liiiLi," at witioL .all .the d.suoiUaut. elamohtB at 
ouce huijn-'jiii ed with a vigor and lor^a and euutinuons 
xocordauice ahich (*>r4iume tlms afteriey.t tho meeting 
la muti^H £cod humor. 

At ciaiit .o'clock a linrnboriifgonUiaioQ paoio on the 
uliliorm„ajjd wi!hout any dei»y 

Mr. tw/u ilniiBi.'i' at once cumo forward and said 
thai the buarih.ivlng arrived, .luo proceuunu-s would ba 
cu.iicuouoed by irgaui/ibg iaio mooting by tho appplut- 
au:'ji of vi<io i.-rt-a. dents 

/i list or vtct) presidents was thou .read, easd |,beir. e'.ec- 
liou carriodiiy .tcclamatiun. 

A list of s*i. eun loa «aa ib>iu read, apd thai r ,noa)iaa- 
liou.appiovea by .tho meetmg. 

RATIFICVTbOH OF 1'iIS CLJtVlil.AKW rLATPOfiM. 

The liaiforra "f >rlncipla.i adopted by tno Convention 
»iCleveiaad -.a LteSlst May »-»3.read. The .resolutions . 
were. received seri»%wa with great apo^iuBe, but iulor- 
roiifcd .vntli alitht 'a'iMQiS, whict drew forth icesh hursts 
it ap^Ui'ise. 

Alter v.hu readiiifi of tlio eighth resolution a voice 
«aljod v ou; lhreii grutu.-. J'or iiaximiliuu. Auothcr CiUJud 
'ur griauis jo • M-waid. 

When .the tbirieontij. resolution of tbe Convention ws.a 
tvad, a • jisssou at llie door snoiiied out in *tiititorian 
^uuea — 

'•JoUn C. Jreoioiit j:<r-jsed to accept tlifi thirteenth 
tiiueo oY ilvuulatorm.'" 

(iraat coutiuawn rollowet, with tho usual crujs fjoru a 
bundled vaiiCvtc— -'Turn iiu out," "Uho is ho r" '-iKO 
jpeetb," "Uritxbliu bo.e." &c. 

Among th\'se v.bo W»S auMOiip lobe hoard v:ai Count 
Joauues, who. wJjw tianlogu priil miuary gestioulauon, 
jvilteu oader ihe j^JEispaee ot a puiiceman 
H^-.i,' HBaOi.UU'10SS. 

The following reso-iu;.\"ns were 'hen road— 

Rs»olv.ed, Tnat we do IiA."4h..; rati'y ihe Bomlnalions of 
loan C. Freiuoni. ol Cahl'.» rIll > 1 . nh our eHliaiilata lor the 
I'revldeney, and ofjoiin i.k Urxite, o New Ioik aaour 
nna.ditf.foi the V.c- P.-eaid«v«Jy "' ihe Onlteil stales. v\ e 
VnudjjLaO Freriiow a., u.t »W» acd eon utent lepi-e- 
Jnu.iveo, c.i;il..uo coB«uluuo.'iaJ HbBity, ana Its in.uiy- 
Cableelmmpw11.au.lJ0 11 U..olUN*"e »» llve iflectneadvo. 
Jkie ot popular t-Kbto. Advauoia.- "^ baujjerK, trnb:a. oned 
jrllli our iiriuuUllea and insurlbed w. 'i« 'he.se iiainea, wo will 
inter boiusatt ib«iu< upon U.e baulo lor freedom of tae per- 
lea and t.Medom uf Hie press, for 1»'-- rigi.tuf asyluin, and 
IisrlgUlof habuaa corpus, aud ror .eve, j ,.u.er nt .1. com 
«ohci.ded foight tor. aud eo.oyce'. since the daya of 
Iboui.*- joifer-on. tiy ibr democratic nm kl >ca.. „,,,,„, ... 

Koolv-,1 Thai tile euetesslul aceurta.T wl \ L wl.lc,, tbe 
talltmore Convention ol ihe 7Ui lusi an is^as sbojin by ihe 
Plulrinau ot the .«-p'it.ii.-an Nat.oua. C<';-^' '"-. w« >- u 
tailed U. mti.e do eeuoed In the ris'n Hue 1 »«"» 'fl ,u b " 
ucau party c=iai'iislicd "under ll" 1 shade lite* »! ^i"*"* 1 ,' 
lh. 1. m \V>6, eunvle. the oauv which 11 repre.-i , '»»( l w Ul \\ a 
lue repillcna m.n-.e and tne republican uri'.k apie» ti 11* 
• rngnuitur. We iheieiore repudiate and deu..oue " "*e »on- 
fin., pu<r\i|j.'i.i hv which "uu oaiij" men were Uogu ted 
In n> co-operai o-i \.uh republican piirilnaun as an s,tmiii.ec. 
fie. . t piii iee.i 01 .hem ou.j' for the purpose of reej uiung 

Reaolved, J'.'i'al wo. 'hold the llflh rcaoiulion of tbe Ka'tl- 
IB'ire Co VfUi'.on 01 Ihe Till lim. to he In v.oiuiiou ol .the 
•onatin.tion. i'O'Uu'ib 10 all olvll rlKhta. and destructive «P' 
ihi-iijil.e HoJy «il Aintricaii lihen). Not only does it afk- 

rrfvt of ihv i.pp'VS- -u ol ihe I11J.1 .dual ami the ar'oiirarir 
upni'"Muun of tlisf -'•'■'.a lib ex. usuoie by the erlgencies 01 
hur bin it apiiinvVv «ad oudoiaes the whole catalogue of 
(bo ii-i-ii- nruR ui / ;.r ^' tt .. Lliico.il, under what p.neit ei«- 
•i.t-.i ii u> whatever ,\fa bltlieno paUlaljd as in.-ifil-d by 
n ,1 bio»diy " » iiMn 11N ionfcUi«tlon.' XVe. il.rrtorv 

»ard lU pi Hon, 1 »« 11 virt.* 1 " 1 '' 

party 1,1 i, ,-i r iiitcnueil pei. v "' 
|i mtloiial liber v , ,.nd 1I011O1, v 



power to I*«oBslH»tAu« Uslon bavli>g g^i 
ttiiHirfwiiniioii mJ baliimore adirweu t," 1 
party toko cenatfuuiouul, the Isaun \, B0W L 
the tiyg» lime, w the Aineilcau peoi.ie wiieiiier 01 
yyeattteiivpi the Cniled at^tes, lotfapeudiiiiiiy aud in a 
MM Of tbe 'pooftid'a Conureos. shall be ouDVred »o »i«au 



Aiucrieaa Uoloa 
on auy, wi.al 



I. 1I1 



ti*<l 



:il i;i« 
•I 



lion by ihe republican 

11, then inva: 1011 o' con 

> hi 11. re olouuu us armed 

•Ilia. 



'^'(iiiiu'a usuroation of the 



restore or introduce Siutee laio ihe a 
either for peraonnl or pany ob evlo or eve 
ev«r preunt ol the public «ood. 

Beaulved. That underclandna <-« t of tbe eardlnal Mill 
of raoiiblican faith 10 be thai 1'^t, elates 111 retailiori * «r 
•Oeeiuaiiy laken by their reap^.xne ordinaoeis of aecsalo 
oui ef the Union of F A „ t al ^ lte Utate < 
TefineMM hav ug thus »«oe««d, we cliaiue rbt 
Ihe Republican Convor^^j hav0 v i a i„l y ,, u p«» e 
to the country, by lh t „ nomnreilooa at B» .innon 
to vio ate >he cco.^i^ MFla _ eUheri lirali 0) , Ma 
lnK In the V ice I'rea dcn^i vl , a; , A IH jrrTV Jobntou. of Tim 
ne.^see not a o.llzen <M 'o.-e Bofted SlaKs; or, aecondiy, I 
making bim a citizen OF 'U M United Sole- ihrou^b |< eu-ir 
pation by winch Abr^.am t,incoln is .leciaie.iio hare eri 
alltiitlonal y reconM JA , ulffa aod restored Ttuueaaee as a tiia 
lu the Union. 

The Chairman >vi t ^ e ra80 ) U iiona to tb«m''eliDg,-whlc 
were received v/lKb l.rud cries of '-/ye— aye," au-B "No- 
uo," the ayes, tn»^w«vcr, largely predonjiualiog. All di 
ference of opii'ilfju m the mention, boweveS-.ditiuppeare 
at a call for Ujree cheer Gcorue 13 JJuUellan, It 

whole uja-s ^jspendlng wltu great eiitnuslaain 

At this rsf.rnott Lount Joannes made another eir&r', 
apeak, bul/was again pushed Inio bis aaal \ij tr>o a 
lenaaut '/Mjiiieeman. , 

Tbe dij irinun then declared tbe resolutions ca/rlod, 

liEMAKBfl OF TBE CHAIltUAN. 

The, CDirauiN s.iW:— l'«",re Introducing me di 
Unguls'betl igeollonieu who are to address yo,o 11 may I 
pro/pey.- for me to il« a few laots which hr/ve'eoino to 01 
koajv/iedge within two or three days iu 'connection wn 
* luovemout outside of iha cily. 1 nu»e ti 
tor.tltnooy of a jeoiloman wbose name la to I 
lOHind on the bauohllll to adoViuo the moot* 
but "who Is not able to bo 'uero in accoiiui 
.'anottior oogagomout ho had plou»g e a bimself to befoi 
tho call for this meeting was l.'sued. Tills gentiema 
•bad beeu in the .?ti»le 01 Masgaiinaaetls, and addressed 

rranioDt and Liucoiu uieoiing --(lood laughter) Frantdl 

•ajHrcochraDd.genileiueo— tfcyj other uames are 10, auc 
oouliict ibey sometimes c myj together. 

[The speaker was here iu/e/rupied by another Ibrt 
"vocirerout cheers for.Geaijral McUlelian, succciMked by 
burst of Applause ] 
A VofOis — Vhree chteera for Cochrane. 
The ificeliug respi*ide,l to the oall most heartily. 
The CiiAiiiiiiN, rvscmin(! — ihe gentleman ' states 'th: 
tbo frtoods of LiucoJii— (hisses and cheers)— are vei 
indignant aitaiosi^eueral Fremont, but be says tiioug 
they^ire indign iw agaiusl him thai todlguatiou Is n. 
oue-licdf equal tcflbe shame they feel for their own cand 
date. (Cries ot "Oh, ob.") Ho says thai this auoma, 
exists, that a pars-y, of large proportions, of their ow 
paj-ty, uoiiilisatfld a man lor whom the best icran 1 
ttoti party, the most Intelligent, tne mooi biy 
toned, tbe uaoui regardful or principles, caum 
vote and maKDiain tneir own self respect. '(Cheers 
Such Is tne auanioly presented in ;he Ualiiinoi 
Couveniloo. Aud I have to present to yc 
•but a singie Instance to show you tbo ailcmic 
the friends of the administration aro place 
In, the fact tbat In the editorial correspondence of a wed 
ly religious uewtpapor in this city , iu tho advocacy of M 
Lincoln, acd which correspondence was indicted fioi 
Baliimore «t the date of the convention hold there. I't 
editor slaves mat the distinguished Hon. Secretary 1 
State Koward—^ hisses)— was Inastatoof Intoxication 1 
, the Baltimore Sanitary ?air. (Ilissosandgrouus). Ilejuy 
funher — ('-Namo him" who 1b ho"} — and this Is it 
I point to which I wibq to draw your attention. He says- 
I (' name kiln")— mat be was int'Xicated, aud lie say 
that it was owing to his sense of duty as an editor mat t 
j came to relalo tne fact to the public, sn that loe 
j might enow tbe fact that they bad u drunken ma 
I at the helm of the State. (Hisses.) In the saiu 
loiter the editor of this religious paper states lb 
the No* York delegation i!vi:- hasa -controlled tt 
nomination of Vice President lu iavor of Mr. Dickinso, 
but In order to secure tbe chief place in the Cubinei I 
one of their own clti/ous of Now York ior mo next lot 
years, and they concluded to vote lor Andy JohliSOl 
aud so it was made unanimous. (Hisses.) Aim yet iba 
editor comes back to Now York lo •sustain -ihe* vole ft 
the nominee of the Baltimore Convention, knowing lh. 
the Convention was pledged to give ihe chief place in tr. 
Cabinet to Air. Seward. ("Shame.") This odiior- 
(".'-.'amo, namo")— does not fear to stand up and advocal 
the claims of a man whom be does not hesitaie to siigtui 
luo as a drunkard, to stand at the helm of your nob 
ship of State during the storms which will surruuud 
during ihe comlog lour years. Ii these things ci 
be done in the greeo tree, what may bo doc 
in the dry'/ If this can be douo by the editor of 
religions paper, what may be expected from U 
secular editors? ("Name tbe paper'.) I allude I 
the Now Yoik iiiutjie)idtlli(. (Groans ) Not a mo 
boro who does not Know that & paper edited in such a 
iuterest must be insincere and hypocritical And 
these men who advocate this iu tho name of rellgloi 
II they are driven 10 such extremities and such strain 
I do not know where the preoions interests 01 Abiahai 
Liucold will go tojbeiuro the canvass lermiuates. I wi 
now Introduco lo you the distinguished gentleman wb 
will noil address you. 

8PEBCH OF DR. OttESMiB A. BflOWNSON. 

Dr. Greales A Llrownson, of New Jersey, was intri 
duced and received with applause. 

A Void — "Give tie a little ot McClellau now." f Laugt 
ler.) 

AnoTHEa Voice — "Let us b*or about tho Sewar 
policy." 

There was considerable ootilusioa as he was about t< 
speak, a nuuihar of the men In. the audience caliin 
"Luuder, louoer. " Dr. Browusou Baid he was there t 
Bpeak un a subject tbat lay nearhls heart as a man, as 
Citizen, aa au aiuci 1c.u1 and as achrlslian. (Applause. 
At this Juncture a club marched into the bail, which wa 
crowded already, accompanied by a band, and prescutiu 
a banner, on which was iuacribed these words —"A fre 
'iri'p.n the truo guardian of tho people's rights." 



made by the crave.auu Y tLiier was a parly mun, for I 
got be.e « »C«vTet'ltaf 1 wJS'o't fl»d fault with. 
never found a parly 'yet UW I ^ ^ p „. 

s « i-t, ^3 .r^v^ 

h« mb my cod essloo 'ton in >w» * . 

?or jfu.^c-hanan. Tnatis ^tU^.^or'K. 

T°«^lS ursl 0B>«-Si thing which to M W)U 
plause.) My " r *'e ' ue miogrity of to in nation, to Bave 
lnyh i C - W ™ ml X cmstituliou, which has made Its 
tb0 I mon 80d too ns auy pHrly 
6lI eugU. and Us g lory. 1 a u & / J vallandigbani 
orauyman-(Hoialioaej"i , , ^ (Goedaud 

Abraham 1. neolo. ■ ^% B l miuaUun k. of llw Baltimore 
orstebjaot l0 ,^'X». aud aPI>lause)-lani l" d y to J 01U 
^.hon^*" 'sincere 3 aUe'aruest Americans or 

*J?tSSh-WI to »a,fffl 8) , and they | 

hr. t«"° wwu »- A ?^ r M , r - ^S ,vill tavi all your ques- 
• wtl l W.I you (UmbU e .( ^^\l m n J lln /avor I 
lions ^"^^"anfJgiS given; out I toil you 



„.• £ hnneet mi n In this country unless bo la » 
J$L * ctor aod » oni«U»olde>. i depend upn 
f \w£ .»•» or tDosa ibat doe-, nol dei.reo.to from 

wv $B,'b.t>a ro,"aBdl...^ a pp,a US «.) rwo or ihreo 
-i' v*ff>5-<nere another seen, of oonfua on V •" 
frjfjtu once of " tV, «M that omoeholder;" auol WW 
">%', V'O* »P«ecb' ht.-es mingled *'tb ^hee'M 

Hem* iaai .he love of u-eo speech . u. not " »■ 
(FKiudeol- the ada.kmBtTai.on. ("«» l 'y. *"" .. .„ e . t 
s..." have lived new to be over sixty years™ *g^ * 
Wemfcuaoied free speech fr-m rny ^oalh up, I "• 



Cod.'l m$*3?£T*t 1 .ffl d e. I MWM» «« • 
Hover wl fh.vo my m alb «»«^., b » A^"^ 
00m'Be.i| S 8-.*i«B*V any Of h* °"j cl ^'*L r t IafavelMl 
(Heuew^ „,pla,-,so ) Ho «« "J-d mo to For WM«_ 
or 10 >. n od Capitol pi -ieou— tead ma ,„,,» as I have the 
but aa i.. « 1 ^.■^^Jj^^iafccSDrty 
to»Kire ail am ablo to Itfeak at ai \, iw » ,*~ ^ ntl 

■*at» 1 M*^ly be r V6 - <, ' G ^iaMamabe S ioo,.Uo 
wn.n I c* ipnR no longer. a« i loo. a I «■ ^i ( ^ 

one ■tam* «2» ^ » ' ^ Lom for all men, 
tuougUi. free apeeeb. I re« prcsa ,, ■ rw Gflnlle _ 

black tbllo, reoaud yello« all ' over no «j ^oo peDtllliry 
Ho bauimore ; mo n,^ iaB born in Amor cao W»*»'i naa ' "„ be aiiyB> 
ready to joiu 18tU ; |1i8lWU my old motlror. "What »"»■>"■ " * * 
Americans or .\ taa \ j War ab0 ut a rebellion com ng «P? Is tber b o 8 
and shoddy '» | , ho 3 M beiik.n?» ."Ves, mother, » "", 'J{ u „,, 

1 aR^ wwSvS ss 

you will ever allow this country to bo divided- in« 
"T^it^'lmeuiof " to merimVutat I am addressing. £"„ TJeii in the" army both *«» «« ^ 

BofaraBlfoltitne^obarywoo". , 100SO ^ 



i <; ail support any adnutisiralioo so 

A, s*"™^;'^^^ tha gowrnment of 

, M, a eountry "and tu'io Uit"ests Of .By counliyrneu; but 

i this eountry auu <■ Ltaooiaa suitable man for 

l£ES»? Vtw and apptoM.) In July , I860, 

tfm'Av review, "The nomiiL3Jiaa by. ths republ - 

„n.r^oT sTchamaa as Abrabwn lanCv.Ul for Fresi, 

W»t' wakened W cooQdeuce ,ic the party, and 

&«' "whSw bo^ t I might ha,e had- »A TO.ce, 

^ Eno~-Do y c*,waut to kno« «*jf 

^/ST^-Becanaeil considered UiiBoUisrte lesat 
ill- BBOwaau" «™j „„„,» rt ir thedenioci's 



to do be duty in me aruw. \ """-.', ,T, ,v u0 

Am I to bo put down here, tboa. by shoddy? No no ) 

Ziirtamii down by Custom house oinoerSf (^o. 

Am 1 t< oe ("I «""" i-_,„ v,o the foorolarios of 

U B ^o A «rvvar° o b r%ho\^ y ! y or lh bVthe^resKlant 

ia Poloo— "Nor by copperheads either.') i» 101 l ' 
pttaST there ifool ^ough o, them to coun t. (*»• 

S-ffSssKwaKi'sBais 

Si! SB «<-£-si'£S 



JJBBBeuted one ; cj^iid..ie or a ,o s l£ iould t„ ne s 1 do not feel tb 



linit ttving luaxaa before UTa'.^-cs, Ifibouia 
SpTbivTioUd ^ the publican parjjr. (^ voiee- 

S^n^n^^K^M 
ansV.r.d; 1 7«^^^X?l1«tablS*"i aid not 
Cfr : ;rfen-Susr^tbem,,o «. r n,^yl 

.nnly want w dellne the posaon U art«« ^^ pany 

^^u«^hch »- - --- 

^a1a r ?yK^,^H3fnd U ^f 
norttne reelecuonit Ln.colu.foi U« -'t y, 

Rk,c as firmly as 1 can believe anything t hat s in w^ 
uture .hat nis re-clecliot. would be •w*^ 11 ^ ££ 
deUdonc-e aun separate nai.o.alily oi ■ ■« »^. ,^ 
concede, -any. I" ibai's ^so" and cl.0 er» ) I> • 
no personal loconyau ence; 1 b..v»6aiw P rf ujU . : 
from Ibis adiuipistratioo. So tar aa I am pu,» . 
corned, ilbas .aid n.e, from the 1 '«J^-^, uU fru[a 
the departments, move respect that I. wcr . c a 
,uy othur adminUiraiion lam too old to ..p. j_ 

ihfi.ir from a change, and u not t.o Dln > ■'•""•' ,.._,,.,, 
ha^^eAonnUter^inSMU^P^^^^" 
w,.uld lead me lo Buppor* this a ; ,n "•-;.';.', u i ' L . | aU!i9 

KoVl 1 am m'onned v Uat irom h, ^ fl ^ e 
died employes >/ the •• ew >°^, ^ „, lwiB Vi 

"ustVm .Cse^fjtbiVVih keen .niotahd tat ail the roe* 

« a o»-ff WWai% b o e Sger 1 wooid a.k 

Iir. ^ows«* •' * Please quiet. 1 hope you wi 

t°S* 'mil IcompaX o^ nfy a B e and inflrmiiy-1 will 

tivjdmin-i.v"!' iiitMi ta li-a few words I o&ie 

no ; ^;'v yo i B taKfsS- y:Mt"«w ^s ^p^ •" '»? 

f0l i »,'« \ln. 1 Bliould cot open my month 
ro^leciiod of L".v«in. ulueaJia a he not bee., pro- 

agjiiueti.+n m lliiefc-y "■ J ' , Jlt ,,j i ia ye tlio 

W.IM fOiJ pe-C.e U. «. ^"Wj^^ clt ,:,,„s. JO eau- 



lUl t 



tunes ( do not feel that it is foP",,.' ' 
any man who loves his country to quarrel 
wltu any loyal citi/eu. ("Good.") 1 have roy own 
I.i, ns and you bave yours, but there Is ab.ghor duty 
than our party principles now that should move US! 
w , higher platform than that of the republican or 
donwci ? atic party, and that tflutrorm is the constitution 
andthe love of Ihe Union. Every »« who ,v,l. join 
heartily In oroaecutina this war for the Unioa,or m 
sav uir the integrity of the United Slates, and work 
nVaruly for thtt and, Is my brother and ft end a. d 
however bo may Oilier l.om me on a thousand otnur 
uueslious I will clasp him to i.iy bosoul and say wo will 
Bo together (Cheers.) H is perfectly idle to get up 
party g quarrcls in ihese days. You Know that the repot- 
hcau party cannot save the country, ("lhafssc' Ibe 
1 den.oc.aii.: parly cannot save it, unless it can enlist w.th 
I bo so nous and canust ...en lb .t Have not always acted 
with thei n-(Thai'B »o)-all serious and earnest, whether 
round m the republican run horetoiore or to the .lemo- 
! crane. I will sum up what I have got to say »■'«? 
1 few words I oppose tho re election ot Abraham 1 :q- 
com because I believe it incompatible with the saleiy o 
m, counwy-beoauae 1 believe him utterly incompetent 
' To? the position which he holds, and because I have made 
' ° a ,ule through ray life never lo believe In the bOUCBly 
] of a man W uo has Ibe soubriquet of "honest » X re- 
i member the honesiy of John iiavis. of Masoachuselts, aud 
ro" .ember the speech ma do to him by Henry Cl.y, who 
laeor U.8 own P party. When *•**»*»*££ 
' speech in the Beuaio, aud when ha had closed, Sir. Uay 
went up to bun. looked him in the face, and said 
honest John Davis, canny John Davis," Un«li»V 
and went to his seal. Whenever you And a man who has 
the name "honest" applied to him as a soubriquet, you 
may always translate it by the word "canny," which 
meLs cunning foxy, vulpeclle. There is not a cuMlnger 
man in Uli i country ban Abraham Lincoln. (Appl-a.se.) 
Yo talk against the Cabinet. It is all idle. Give i turn 
any Cabinet you please, and the ad.nin.slrauon wil I not 
chance A3 ho said to me himself personally : "Mr 
S does not run this government; I am here and 
To a single measure or any Importance is taken by apy da- 
parent 0.' this government wrthoui my know od.e and 
without my express approbation." {ui-mh ot fcjou, 
without my i Q a i ajast Wllllam a gewar<1 _ i y 

nothiiig against any member of hie Cabinet exeopUug 
BOW™ as tho secretary of the Treasury Is indo^udent of 
h°m I do not like Mr. Chaae-s hoancial system. 1 fear 
mm-e of danger from that than 1 do from tho arme of the 
touihern rebels. (Applause.) I hope, I try to persuade 
rnvsell W hope tuli we will get through without a Heap. 
Sal collapse ^ana which contradicts all my principles^ of 
nn, n.-e and currency. It goes counter to every p.inoiple 
^during that loog controversy which we tad from 
isaflto 1843, after the beat atudykoould give the sub- 
w I had fixed lor mybeir. 1 believe In no paper 
J ?„'.„ /aunlausei-nor do I believe that a secretary 
m ^T-iumetweve or sixteen dinerent kinds of paper 
wQ o is "^" '^tTL, al the head of the Treasury 



. .„ niav oil one clique against another, a man who 
pa ?~dd P tbe people and had sympathy with .It, who 

s rB£& i pKr 
tsaxss^S^x as =&*. 

BiU , Kle wonM 7 with "' aSSSr admrn'tralion have 
and would wuu """ ,v,-,irj> how are you 
bee u brllhant successes. (Voice how ^ ^ 

Bull run.) Bull run. «»• ,,. Tfa t . M a drawo 
asnocoES. (A ^z'?^bImu »i WuS would have 
^" le - JiJlr^radmttoratW bad known how to 
bean a success if ( the »""(,,,_„, No BOt0 .moBtiona, 
make use Of it. (U es ot u j ^^^ jD Mf 

gentlemen; I have told ) on why^ ^ 

Lincoln. He Is MM ' uan "£„, ^, u „ not a man who 
this country. (" I *»» ! ',.*f?r ' x t0 and visit Mr Lincoln 
inspires you with confidence, t t o * willl 

with my heart full of «»^'*; m - "^1, there had 

,ove for Wrjg^USSl^SS my blart. There is no 
been aa lccbcig thrown u* ° ™». , M we li fluted 

P'- e thil li IT r a dT^nd 8 hls U patnot.c M e^uslam as 
to damp a man s aranr »"" flnnlause A voice— 

the White House or the Capital- WJJ^ gbout Fre . 
" A Vi°'lt. , 7«< w y aayw^thing about 
moat,"') I sm «"'"* ' t be dictated to. 

him. I am wo °£_ viamvott bad belter keop quiet 
u you want to get at my ( views you aaa ue. ^ 

and there are many things i w u up and con- 

which are not .there. take that P««orm v ' ^ 

!t'; aSl ,'-' H.^S'oSJS ton? » U l oue"° It. resolutions, pro- 
Souu^'bimoBr^var^MH^ 
Jii-." . ■■.-■■.■ 5Jti/ , i« , AMlrahie and that no man who docs 
.ay £' ■armo'by is deairai hie, anu . in confiafl nce. 

nol hold ^»™**S. 8 tt T a t resolution was directed 
Some pev pie suppose tnat '"" b tl ^ p.aE.daui'e 

against jar. «»««d. Mr. B*» ara « nut ^ ^ 

clerk. 11 he does uot lik« mm, way ^ Q , influence 
oiBcev 11 he ooes na approv e Mr . &o wj ^^ 

and Mr. ^^'K ^ that beautiful village ot 
Wby4oeabenotsay .retire to w throw blame 

AUb , U "';A,moi IV 1 conftdenc. in the Presidont 
™ h » Ca 5' n 'Vand principle that they appeal to in that 
himself. lU8eru"ui"' 1 "- , > iBhw i. is clmwu up not 
platfcrm-what to is nature? Why, i . » draw^ p^ ^ 
tob.nd UioPres.denl lor hp W can >c , w ^ ^ 
man v/hfl cannot be bound oj a proU0 t, will b* 

d,d he Eustain him? £o, ^J m „ aD f »nd so, loo, in the 
relieved rremoul of bis ppmmana. » ■ ', ' ^u 
m". of General Hunter. lam gSg^^^igondti 
have not a .flbtfl in "f.^'^fo^yMif 1 demand 
love ot liberty, and what ■ Remand t ur m>« ow 

for every other s», , wbetber white b.a-k oue ^y h 

P -s^^ 

^r^S ti'e wh^..-f , to it 
a "ud maintain U&tytor the ^ u m "^,;^ve beerl 
; ito s 8 have alu.ys been .ny tbvug- ,t be,^ 

j Sfsuf^Ubo nVmtoeoo, tUelallit.^ C-urj^ 
Ihwlh" Clot eland boo.venf.ou. ^"S^^f.'Ii'^ 
,,rovBof «very resolution, or every principle "~-"?*J" 

' rar.t «■,. ■■•■.: very serious modl'ioations. o» » , 
S£«l.rf'K»<l the tone of Lhoso r-csoli.tK.ns "*JJ*S 
. f, ., i ■ . .rtous aid honfiatrescluticius— the.Bt.ie« ox 
M.a '.: con 'ictioos and sentiments *f He Convey 
pressioo believe in tueiu— no f.h.v-ii— PO 

,- i bcilovc that there is or can be ii 

;,-.- titunk- encugb to defeat bim t-at 

'.nt.r i-eater portion of the demos, alio 

.ned.lr.ne." A;.. lause.) lawasaan 

eeede..^, and perhaps 1 ha. e auU- 

tn.ne.T n an 1 have to.,- :• oll.Lr. 

vi.r.r', tor tli at. but II »e me«n 

!. i, , i n .;t have a party Icn: »u 



.;. 



b , r f ,T, a v i/l'u* nwudi I havebavd bisses Wl-rc. , (AMdHM.j « »«^ » »~ ^ not me , ely t0 ma na^ 



t All l.aai L 
checa.) 1 

pu, ty in tbi-: 

daji' cot comb 

pari/- I'Tb:-! 

J,r » mu'TuiiL 

l;.-h K'-nlto tlK'l pirij 

Ynii wik' mane all all 
to defeat Jbrauam I.y 
tiom th*j.*oplo. -■!. 
publican H'rty 
pie lbcmsifV* B i ' " ''' 
P....a;,bt slitaady *> •> 
latigl.ler ) 1 kl ";- 
,1,11 Ll-VelJ ;i..* 1 ' '-' 
thoufy, tt u"ona /-- ■•■< 
when it i^'k J a i ;! '- ■ ' '' 
tu uiy iibenyoi o i. 
go fiirJCJ.nO ircnw- 
uiantto-bi-s bovo i.- 
lk hetlei' fittfii W •'' 



lie ce>i 

tfjp lb- 



i-1 : 

! ..-.« ll i:iu.-i '■'- 
$w, niitt . ai» : ; ■ 

,& cw..- ny ' ' 
;"s ... .ia •/ ■• I 'i' 



.' y 

\0 



,i . .«t.o.ift:-.t 



v. 



edum, 
We oaif 



than any other roan I know. (Applause.) 'ffcor^ 
are <beoik>ns to General Fremont which r v(1 | 
constitute: obstacles 10 tbe war of tua bu'^^ 

First, M hi a man of decided convictions, wbo '^. 1( , ln ^ 
oouragw I" stand by bla Oonviotlous. He is «\ ^j| n oJ 
Strong individuality, aDd clear and definite purn- -^ from 
wblcb neither you nor I can luduce hlin l': sw,« rv4 , JU , eH a 
wo convince bis reason. But be d^ra (roja \fc-_ Lincoln 
Id that be bas a reason to be eouvioced. (lAiubier sad 
applause). He Is also i man of rftmarSaute vtiallty ; for 
every etfort that power could make bad been used to 
crush and disgrace blm; but to-day be stands with his 
satin eye, in Hie rejiuse of his soul, Urns and unshaken, 
confronting Abraham Lincoln beroro the American pea. 
pie. (Coutiuued applause). The jeeler^-ag' u( h embar- 
l russed or forced Trotta bis pnlh the Plunder, who will 
! Bucceed, aud write bm oamo with Washington, Adams 
| JertorBon aud JaekBoo. I have ^-iowd Webster Calhoun' 
I aud tbe greuleslnieo I the ovonlry; but nohe so tilled to 
be Presideui of tbeae FJi i„ a , in touts like the.-.e, 
as John C. Fremont, (Applause). Ke is a man 
of miud be ba* a ms>/,,netic soul, which can kindle the 
souls of others, »»j make tfce timid trave, the wouk 
Strong, and the BS'iosb disinterested and heroic. (Hear, 
boar.) He hue yjj u i m ( De ^lemeuts of success, aud a 
stronger hold fj the popular heart of the people thaa 
auy other mo/,, man. cuu be named. Abraham Lm-colu 
dreaded hlin, UB Hainan did HordecaJ when sitting lu the 
king's gal«/, or as tuaubeib luukfl I upoa the keen elghled 
and loyal HaDtjuo. 1 aim at the preservau n Of the 
Union, vud if It can be belter preserved with Gtorr.6 H 
McCle'/au — (tumultuous cheers, Ihe assembly rising uud 
wavVifi their has enthusiastically)— or any otbor nun, iu 
Gottag u,u oe mu ku nim president. Bui 1 bolievo Fremont 
Is -In.) man en whom all true patriots should uulie to 
f/uce him in the prosidontlal chair, In ilus our bour of 
anal. But If Abraham Lmcclu Is elected, (aiewe I, my 
couutry; farewell libertyl (A voice— "Keep up your 
courage.") I will keep up my courage as long 
as courngo is not madness. I kuow tbal ifau spirit of 
the people Is loyal, I know also ihul the ruys uf the sun 
are warm, but if you want to kiudia a fli e by ibe rays 
of the sun you must have a glass thal'brings then, to a 
focus — concentrates them on the wood you would ignite — 
and you must give the people a man who will call forth. 
aud concentrate their spirit, and uot eternally dump the r 
ardor as is now done by Mr. Liucolu if bo is again 
elected 1 sball'feel that shoddy contractors and ofllcehuld- 
•rs have got the Amencuu people In their power — 
(groans)— and the next thing we should see would ha a 
proclamation announcing, "1. Abraham Lincoln, by the 
grace or shoddy, Emperor of Amerioa." (Snouts of 
laughter aud groaus j 

Colonel Zagonyl read a despatch just received from 
Missouri, giviug a very encouraging account of the great 
mooting in lavor of iheCleveiaud platform, bold there on 
the 26th lust. 

ail'. CLAIBOHNIS'S JUSilaKKS. 
Hon. Mr. Cuibobns then spoke. He was rroin a part of 
Missouri, which all know wuh aqulet and peaceable place 
He was a democrat— had been a tuemuor of the parly from 
youth to now. Had stood by that party iu the past, aud 
would sUud by its principles in the time lu come. His 
party was tbo parly of tho constitution and tnion. 
They had ." ira by tho constitution of the Uuited Stales 
to uphold it : principles of freedom, uud no mau could 
claim to oo ,i democrat who did uot ataud by the consti- 
tution aud tho L nion together. Iu the umno of tho ou- 
tioual deiai-.cracy , the name ol traitor, wuh which they 
bad been branded, he hurled back iu the teelh of the 
minions ol the nepotism toat dow ruled, and to them he 
Would say. In the words of the poet:— 

I hid tucru dellauoe, turu and hie, 
And in ihoir throat give Weill the lie. 
•tie dernecrucy bad ever been jauhful to Iho republic 
In the Hovuluuon. In 1812, aud the Mexican war demo- 
crats had nei/or faltered. Had uot every Stale contri- 
buted their douaoeratic sous lu the harvtal of dealli ? it 
waschurged tbal dumocrale held hick from tho v.ar. In 
Missouri Lincoln got sixtoeu thousand votes, -dlissoiirl 
gave sixty thouaund to the war. There must he soine 
democratic bloud there ready lo lufl'or and die lOr tho aid 
ship of btate. When you accept iho nomination of tho 
Cleveland Convention you <lo well. It says you shall 
have free speech, but in my Statu wo have been pre. 
venlod from giving utierauce to our thoughts 
That despotism which stifled men's tongues aud stilled 
the press Is paining awi.y, and iu a few uoouihs uioro the 
man who op|.russed us shiii have passed away. Ho hud 
come all the way tu learu tue feeling here. The leelmg 
lu tho Northwest was to suve tho republic audio hurl 
irom power the tyrant who presides over the Dniled 
Stales. (Cheers.) We do not like Air. Lincoln lu ibe 
Southwest, aud the reasou Is, Lincoln has trampled on 
the constitution given ua by Washington, lie swore to 
support ii, and he has violated it; aud the mau who de- 
nies it has little knowledge of the Lngiish language and 
less truth. The President has trampled on the constitu- 
tion. (Hisses) It is uot necessary lo prove 
this. There have boon arbitrary arrests and 
men conflued without a charge, lie has stifled 
freedom of speech and freedom of the prose 
Abe Lincoln Is not tho mau ior President nohow ' 
Abe Lincoln has not got the Intelligence, and lastly ho 
bas not ibe dignity of character necessary. H was 'said 
Nero liddiod while Homo Ourued. It is too line lo maiioa 
j"ke of It, while our nation is struggling In ae.th ibai iho 
President in Vtashiugton deals lu Joaea and smutly auue- 
dotes. He is not, there'ore, til lor olilee again A Irleud 
said I should uot complalu of Liucolu being a jesiur as no i 
saved the I'ubtnet at Washington from the e.\pe'ns« of 
maintaining a Htate fool. (Laughter.) If ue bad thought 
a succeeslul canvass could be maintained by nouuinullon 
of a democratic candidate he would he lor biin; but If the 
Chicago Convention should come lo the toncluslou thai it ' 
will be necessary to unite oo tbo Cleveland ticket be aud I 
bis people would go, oue aud all, lor Fremont and 
Cochrane. (Creat cheerlug.) Fremont was tho only man ! 
at present kuown wdu possessed ail tno olemsuts uocea. 
sary to deioat Liucolu. Aud, he would ask, wa? there 
a democrat In all the land who would hesitate a moment 
as between the two— Fremont and LinoolnJ (Cheers for 
lTemont.) None can love war for tho sake of war 
Enough of blood baa boon shed (CroanB.) If, then we 
can restore the Union and make frieuds of ibo s<mih 



will auy one deny Ihul mat uioum ue uous. mis cannot 
be done under Lincoln. 11 was his election that broigbt 
on the war, and every act of bis has widened the gap 
between the North aud South. Uive the .-;■ uui a plat 
form— a bridge upon which they can ouce more rejuiu us, 
and they will accept it. That platform id tiV Cle\ eland 
platform, and the great plank of that platform winch 
will be gladly accepted is the Monroe doctrine. Siy to 
the South "run down your lew stars and bars, uud once 
mure run up the bright galaxy of stars, aud let us drive 
from the continent all kings, and emperors, and poten- 
tates." (Cheers ) that will be the lalismau lo touch the 
whole southern heart (cheers) when once ihey learn lhal 
you have driven A Lincoln Irom the I'resuleucyaol tue 
Stales. He thanked them for the patient hearing tl.ey 

' bad accorded him. Ho was fatigued and v.earled w.tu a 
long jour. icy, but be would bo happy to have an opp.>rlu 
nlty of once ugain addressing ihem fully and fairly on the 
greut aud vital question which w»» at slake, and which 
is to be deeldea at the ballot bos by the American cou- 
ple. (Cheers.) I 
SPl-tlCH OF lias. JOHfi COCHftANa. 
The President thou Introduced General John CocbRjiM! 

; as the next Vice Prefideut of me Uulted Slates. He was 
loudly Cheered, and proceeded to Bay that he had listened 
lo the speakers of ibeevciiiug with much pleasure, aud 
observed the conduct of the audience with deep interest , 

I proving as it did tht the liberty of Bpeoca u(iou the 
platlorm had been reilt^teJ by the liberty or speech from 

1 the auulence— (laughter)— and, so far from repressing 
it, be haded it as oue of ibe happiest omeus ol tneir sue 
cess — not the success of the gentlemen whose names ap- 

I (io tied upon thai ticket, for in the b»ur of tho uauu's 

| peril meu were nothing und pilucli'les were everything. 

[ (Applause, I He looked upon Uiut occasion as prophetic of 
the triumph ,a tree speech, tree meu and free picas. There 
may be gentlemen hero lo ul u hl, sain he, to ratny uioir In- 
dividual lavoi lies, i hear from youdurdn notion thuuamo 
of Geo. It. ;i i ., uui — (enthusiastic-cheering anal a voice — 
*'l will spend a hundrMt dulhtru oa loui myfitll ') — 
and yonder, as the echo ol ibut uauie, 1 hear the name of 
Johu C. Frenaout. (Great applause.) This Indicates but 
the one great prluciple of free men and free speech. 
So, gentlemen, under whatever rallying cry you advance 
here to-mgUt, you come as individual soldiers into one 
giealarmy of American freemeu, whose rights have 
been tiuu,. .eu upon, whose privileges have been as 
Saiied, even while as jreemen they siaud, us tLey uhouid, 
in serried isuks to oppose this rebellion. We stand upon 
that putioiui, lor It is tbe platform upuu which/our fore- 
fathers stood, which desceuded to us through the mug 

1 and illustrious descent ol Engiiib liberty, which sv.e. uc- 

" cepted aud adopted at their hands by our ancestors, 
and was fought lor through the dreary aud deso- 
late hours of the revolution. It woe iuserihed ujhjii 
our flying, triumphant banners thou at i'srktown and 
Saratoga, it was inscribed upon line glorioua pages of i ur 
constitution, and is uow conteuded aud struggled for lo 
th s our desolate hour — "Freedom of tbe press, freedom 
oltha peiBou, the privilege of habeas corpus, and Hie 
rlaht of aeylum." (Cheers.) 0, but I am tend that mere 
has beeu no violation of these priuclpius, lira there Hi y 
stand intact and powerful us ever, iu ttiotr native dignity, 
especially the principle that every man shall ue secure 

| ol his life, his liberty aud his property, bectire, iudeedl 
iHave t-ot the prior speakers upou ihis stand explained io 
you the tissue of arbitrary urrcsts lb»t have occurred iu 
y-juraiidot. Gentlemen, 1 pray you understand uu uot 
EB among those who would excuse holding 
by tbe exigencies of war to tho present in 
tiumbout of the Presidency of the uat.cn; but I 
will excuse nothing lu that party who, ovorloukiiig i 
ami strikl.-g fur beyoud military necessity, declares i 
and aOlrms that the arrest oi a man, bis incarceration 1 
without a hearing or process of law is broadly and fjutiy 

I within the constitution of the land. He uverred thai j 

| sueh.ilagri.ut acts had been alioaipied and avowed by ' 
those who racked themselves witb the supporters of 

j AhraLam Lincoln. It was a sad page uj>ou our country's j 

| laws; but i( limit be ei|)lored and the conlout:- ef that | 
page biajuld be delivered to them. He simply iuieuded 
to give thorn the faet iu accordance vvilh a request made 
that p:,oCI sjaould be suhioilttd. The cousiituilou was 
(iltcinpiid to he violated, their n 6 hts iniringed under no 
plea of miliary neceusity, but upon the broad declara 
lion tha^ 3 unuer tue cuuetiiullou of the land, thoy, as 
Ireemeu, i^d uori 6 hts, but were sub;ect to arbitrary 

' lmpribonLja.nl and their property to arbitrary spcila- 

I Lou. Th« iirst evidence which he would g:vo 
proceeded fiosn the pa,.e of that statute which 
was euacteU in iiarch, ibo3. Says tho legislators 
at section ftiur — ''And be it further enucieu, that auy 
or er of the ;'iosident, or uuder his authority, made at 
any tiuae during the exlBleuee of tho present rebellion 
shall be u deitcce in all lUe courts to auy action ur prose- 
cutien, eivil nr criminal, pending or tube commenced, 
for ucy search, seizure, arrest or imprisonment lutidr, 
jdoee or ooinmilitKi, or uctsonuitied to be done under una 
ly v iriuo of tsuch order, or under color .of uoy law of Cou- 
gi.ss." The President's ordir is tho law ol too laud.. 

Ctt'over, never.") Do you ask for further proof alter 
telling 10 that JaW inscribed upon tho statute book of 
Gpui.ieos? If yt* ask fur moras proof, it is at hand, hut 
be tf-'L J would demand proof w.ih sucJu eviuuute h.lore 
him, Sfould exclHlin at midday lfcs.t ilaB sou had uoi yet 
risen, ihe ^rtsidcuit's mouth pi ouuemces ihe law lor iho 
people; und iho arie-t ouca made, the or- 
Lcer, (rem Ine ;«uinhle. t provo.^l marshal to the 
Prcsidt.nl 'liniir-if, |\it; ajuerfoct and c.mcl.isivo ueleuce 
in.aycoui.' llirougii ''dl this laud iu auy action brought 
for .luiiiugos by leuton'of that uriest. I will show you 
how palpable -mil c.ea " aviolanou of il,o consntuiiou 
uiidxr whicti w-' live is tb\s law of Congress, 1 now reicr 
Simply to uno ^resolution ,Vlo| ted by iho late coin emiou 
at Lal'.iuioro, coovehud ibe. *o on ihe iiu of Hub present 
n.cnlh. G, ntlen.cn will be 1,'uiol fur a momeul, inr mis 
it of mere :uiere.-i than ret.i n^g lor any ngcosciiy what- 
ever, ior ii is a i.,c>.-biiy w I > i , "Ti reposes st n.o b«. is 
of our mil-', and upon , xiaii la m.c.-aiiy you 
and I u|!i bo cited upon ooreaflur to uct. 
-iiye liii-ir lil'ih resolution, adopted pi I'alil'n re— 
"Kc-.-oheii, that wo upprovu uud ui'plaild Iho iiiiswo v- 
jug fidelity lo the consliliilioL ana <o-" prn.eipi;'! ol 
.'.uiurn.aii liberty with which Abraham Line 'In lias diS 
j CLOCjteU, UPdtf CifcmngtAPCCI of unLorn. 'C-eu dimaoit' 



ibe great duties end reapoDSlbllltles of the Presidential 
office, ibat we/approve and endorse, as within the con- 
slilulP n, lire measuies aud acts wh Ion be has adopted 
lo de end lbe>nat.< n aguiust its open and secret toes." 
It was oecfcred bj, those wbo renominated Lincoln that 
bis acts were wllbin tbe constitution And noV let me 
di eel your attention for a single moment to the lan- 
guage ol tbat constitution aud tbe argument will 
be complete — no commeola'y of m.ne will be 
re«jui8iie, lor your own judgments will be enabled to 
(JracHio whether tbe proof Is ai baud that Abraham Lin- 
coln and bis menus have perpetrated, and still deBlgn 
further perpetration of injury lo the constitution of the 
land and tbe llbi-rties of American citizens. Sny6the 
cnnsliiulitm at amendment ariicie V: "N'o person shall 
%o deprived of lite, liberty, or property without due pro- 
cess of law." Says our St ile coustiiuiloo of New v'ork, 
article I section 1, "No member of this State shall be 
dislranchi.-ed or deprived of any rights or privileges 
secured to auy Citizen thereof, unless by the law ol tbe 
land or the Judgment of his peers." Aud yettheliw 

nder which these arrests bid been made, by which tbe 
persons of individuals had been seized and Imprisoned 
wiiuuut trial, iu respect to wuose cases unpardunable de- 
lay hid been iu'er|/o«,-d— that la* allowed the Fjtecutive, 
through all ills Ktibo-dmato agent", to arrest und luaprianu 
all that liia ohyslcal uower enabled him to, ai;d continue 
that imprisonment without examination, without mier- 
foreuco ui law aud without judicial decision, lsaytoyou 
gentlemen, comrnued General Cochrun", this is tno 
principle for which your auceslora struggled; that from 
tho time wlien H woe impluiiied upou the pages of 
magna cAtf a down to the selilein.'ui pi the Mill of rights 
Ot Groat Hriilun's libertios, in 10-10 Irom tho time of 
the " deciar . lion of Mus-taehuietls' liberties, lo 1041, 
through ib<i name doolar.iiiou muJe manliest in the 
Bill of rights uf Virginia, In Uio through tho 
pages ol our own lederal con.'.thution down to 
those of our state constitution, ev. ; r and always his 
this principle be--n asserted, ma! v.uui and llxed 
by the integrity ol law makers 'and by ibe persistent 
will aud inurioiism ol tneir oo stituonts. (Cheers.) 
Will yon now protect them? lo yo., not perceive that 
the proof la prest-nt, that It Is lrre, utnble, aud that at 
tins point the same war Is now to be waged, renewed 
aid accomplished, which was waged lor so many years 
on English and American soil, and for wmch our fuiheis 
struggled, und or which legacy we, tboir chil- 
dren, will Biru.K e arter them. ('Applause ) Do 
not misunderstand me, ibai we will per- 
mit eve i tin-Bo oonBideratlous to inlorlere w Hi 
thai delermlUatinn >f purpose wilh which we are waging 
Ibis war :or Hie suppression of the rooclliou. That re 
belli. ju, Which threatens our liborlles at loe front, snail 
be, if we V- Ireeroeo, repressed, while, on Hie other 
baud, those arbitrary excesses 01 power which threaten 
those same interests here at tbe rear, shall be repressed 
at tho same moment of ume. if we shun 
have accomplished ihe saioly of this govern 
moot by iie-=irnyioi/ tbal hydra-ncaded monster— the 
rubollicn al tho .-.outh— whai shall we have gained if wo 
in iho meantime shall have lost our liberties at the 
Noun by iho de-unctiou of personal libe ty? (I.oud 
cheors ) 1 perceive thii the argument is perfect— tout 
noilong need be added hi order to give strength io Its 
pungency I rou d th. refore retire with the convicti' n 
that ihcy who hear me are saiistled thai ou this 
point at lea-t they wno occupy ihe platform of 
principles that bos beeu aniiom cod to you to 
night occupy li wilh consistency, aid will, if 
ilioy can, maintain it with power. (Appiau e.) 
Fellow cit.zens, 1 will pot detain you beio with the use- 
Ii't80t|)"Bi i |] o trite and hackneyed pnucliiles; yon all 
understand the ca-e winch is presented to you There 
arc but two parties in this country- -'lie oue is for cousil 
tutional liberty, and tno other is against it. There cuu 
be no Question on which side of the line the rebels stand, 
they are lor the destruction ill tbe gnrorunienl, which i-i 
syuonoruoue with the express i. u "constitutional liberty '' 
Aro llieie no oihora who turontcn, nay, wan h ivo ain-a.ly 
euactod laws which accomplish me same dlrei. 1 result? 
I'nerefnro, consirue us uot as opposing the most vital in- 
terest:? uf Ihis land, but conclude that iu our sincerity 
that we who oppose reoe s win o ually oppose usu.-|iation. 
(Applause.) Ho bad heard iisaid thai ibere were amis 
Buries here lo night from vano s places lu this city 
which ho would not name, aud lhal tl.ey cume hero tor 
the purpose of disturbing Ibis meeting. Ho knew ibis, 
that as the processions were converging to this pelm to 
night, numbering thousands, not only one. oui three, 
were tonght to bo disturbed by the ringing of the Qio 
bolls. Let it bo borne io reverberating echoes along ihe 
streets of New York and penetrate every sequestered 
valo of Hie land; let It Hash ah ug youder wire— ir the 
government will permit the news to go -that hereto- 
night freemen buve assembled by thousand.- lo assort 
their right of free speech and the grerR principles of 
Magna Cbarta. the Bill or Klgbts, and the const Ituliou of 

tho United Slates. The charter o. American liberty let 

no lyruut neglect it, let no usurper disregard it, lur as sure 
as, upon tbe plea of constitutional r gfrt, the Declara- 
tion of Independence Is violuiod, so sure that Declaration 
will ho asserted iu its Integrity by the myriads uf the 
fieemou or the North. 

The PRBSinBNT then declared the meeting adjourned. 
tbe uuud playing "Tbe Star Spangled Cancel' as tbe 
aud.ence ielt the hall. 



The Meeting Oouldi, 

There were two stands erecled outside the building, east 
aud woBt— one termed the German, uud the other tbe Eng- 
lish siaud. The assemblage riVre was uot large, bul a few 
hundred persons being present at any lime, aud those 
not tarrying very long. Tbe speakers wauled tbe usutl 
Incentive to oratory— an audience, and thoy Incontinently 




^TwrtKMV: HEVTOCT. Ml OAT. SBTTEMBBB 9. 11*4. 



jjmmroTTM comnnnoArton •# n*** wta 

NW tn *. fMMMruM)*M7kr to— rt tow mut* to 
mutkmmmttf to/ «*« mmm mUo4*«w «/• (to www r. 
»» ■ » ■■■■*» jw fo wt n a-in H**ag**rm»m* 
*>dfom. 

TOLOSTASl C0UMUS10ATI0SS, Stm ltHni nO t»- 
trtmtng or important mm, mMcum frem mmp vtartsr 
t/ uu aiot*. U *•««. vnu tojMU/«r. 

juubotmd ooMjnanaiTiojUM oa^Mmd^- 
■town***. 

AiX BUailfWU LSTTBBSftr «U» OfK* *#uM N 
■44f«m«im "Tm Wo*ij>. " M i*r* *"•. *••- 1***. 



found »l the SUtd o^"«; TUrttSte »treet and BujUtft 



anc. » d go MaWath tveaae. 




FBIDAY, 8EPTEMBEB 9, 1864. 



GBHBBAX XeOLXLLll'IACGSPIAICB. 

The country will h&il with profound satis. 
faction and enthusiastic applause General 
McClkiaak'b letter, accepting hia nomi- 
nation by the Democratic party for 
President of the United States, pub- 
lished in this morning's Wobld. The oom- 
mittee, headed by Governor Setmotjb, which 
was deputed by. the Chicago Convention to 
nform the general of its action, met at the 
St. Nicholas Hotel yesterday noon, proceeded 
to the general's residence, and there dis- 
charged their duty. The general's reply to 
the committee was returned to their chair- 
man last evening. 

His letter is brief; but every sentence is 
compact with an earnest, high-toned, and 
devout patriotism, characteristic of the man. 
Its explicit, square, unflinching enunciation 
of the principles which should guide the gov- 
ernment in restoring Union, peace, and lib- 
erty to the nation, will command the admira- 
tion, as well as the assent, of every honest 
and loyal man. 

There is no place for any northern man 
to stand, except on McCleu^n'b platform, 
or on the platforms of the abolition disunlon- 
j8ts of the North, or the rebellious secesaion- 
sts of the South. Not a sylltble of its 
jtnguage is dubious, ambiguous, or double - 
freed. It is open, clear, ringing, and stands 
four square to all the winds of treason, blow 
tbey from the White House, or from Rich- 
mond. 



" The Union at all hazards :" These five 
werds should strike the liars dumb who have 
defamed him and bis party with the charge 
of consenting t) a disunion peace — the 
Union for which his gallant comrades have 
— periled their lives, and whose blood shall 
sot have been spilled In vain. No more ef 
fusion of blood if the rebels will, for " Union 
"is the (me condition of Peace. We ask no 
" other." 

" Love and reverence for the Union, th e 
Constitution, the Law, and the Flag," uttered 
in every breath, while the traitors wh r 
shrieked "Tear down the flaunting lie" 
hoarsen their throats with calumny against 
him whose patriotism is of such sort as^they 
never conceived. 

The Constitution and laws his " rule of 
duty;" to «fi|fti>t*»» the supremacy of law 
over President, army, and people; and to re- 
assert the unity and, power of the nation among 
the nations of the earth, his avowed purpose; 
A devout reliance upon the Almighty for His 
sovereign aid "to restore Union' and Peace to a 
" suffering people, to establish and guard their 
*• liberties and rights," the spirit which he 
brings to the sublime work. 

The people have long waited for the na- 
tion's leader,— its deliverer. They hear hia 
Toioe today. They vnU follow him to victory! 



V 







B [From tk« L* Cvmm b*«*mi i 

'°r re-eiec.ionVtha^U.°eBe X.wJi** * e «<»d»to 
dare aat «.^ i 5! T^T °*™a ""• Mian In war. feat 

A Lincoln, (he tyraat tad wldow-msa.. 
OrtJS ■■"•'•*' *"'• "* I «»^S-*l-lrfII^ . 
»*« wal of Old John Bran, tha aatnt and ,._■_ 

rJraerr. mun *' » to "■"« »««» enrphaned for a few 

Agoia dofe„ with b fiM.fe.ei. 
*■"»* •' Haba-i Carpus, raveraed. 

IIMfamiUloj crippled rn*-*.^^.^ or 
murdered re nil I to its wealth ' of ™™ 

Th< ootuieje fnrde of HraaUtotoii r.,.j. ,. .. 
frcm .net rirtuoot women. Vrh.fe.3 LJ?-^! to 2 r , <, " r 

shawl. »"«"M« IB Beaten cap and plat* 

Ballot-boxes gaardad bf bayonets, 
treed, m of speeej anil opinion. 
S^ecps—the poor man'acuree. 

Nobody Hurt. 

Three months' play-apell. • 

sSSttSSERS* " Te 9oathera on ~ 

1 '.'. next draft. 

S..l<;ier»' graves la tha South. 

The N-tlonrt Debt. 
cla^« , .?""« T,tW °» "» «d of the war I. Ihe dlnl 
^Goddcas of Liberty with fat nigger-baby ta fc^ 

Crfflc. from the Army tilled with stolen goode. 

Eiern.I vlsjlene- th p r ,o, of liberty. B 

rawnjeg .j copbtntii In ofllor. 

Men of iadeixBdecaa In Iroat. 

Hcererary Stanton, the greet Am-rl-in liar. 

U ckbone of tha Rebellion In two parts 
wl?d°ow!.'" B, "' h *^ "'"""pplng under bedroom 

The preeartten will march to the eeaaetew on tha 
double-alow. k«,In, Ume to the aeto of w.nd.w. mS 
orphans who will dole forth from treinoling lip, " 
W " "Sore-*'' ****** Abt,1 " In ' a,e aundred thooaand 
T ° T *r!r« , | > " "* Cl "**" hu • ,> » ,,u ■ >'■• '""led In their 
*" 'VvA* , »'"«'' r, * <i, »» widow-maker, In sal and aero 
la ma. bow many manly firms yon yet Intend to tlev n 
J** """t'l'l tyraa; A>.r,b: 1H to sob at "a 1 tl"^tai» 
Of wblt. mu who k... fdUea th. -JawSr ™« tVSrat 
W. are romlaj. PrnMoat Line .la. faU aatf a million 
To l»aio why ratm sacrlftceJ u> maay callsnt liresT 

Yoi J°/.i" fy^rHf hut , '" . lae ■tkallMon r >d- 

* "'^T^ 4 ' a • lho ^ , Xrnat - '■ -oarnla^-jood. .ad 
T0K ^,, t ;y"' " < " »'* '««rJo»ea,wa trust no more 
W ' 3 "ilan. ""'""' " limm * k "- '">"> pralrte-hoioa and 
A hsir • rn'Mloa widows o' slowlT-mardsrad nun 
W . ar. coclat, anal, comlnr. a, tu »."' I cSTp,.!.,, 
N. tti 



I Inreln Herlewed by Pre-tlw-ConTl.olw. 

merate some of tbem : ' re -" on "- * • »-"l enu- 

1- Bahesylolif i his ofrWsl auk #~ •. 

rtSc^ a5T B a ,Wu^.alei?KVS ?S2r» '- 
ci i .-,.,,. «s"san»i »r the liberty of tha 

V h». h " aU "°SWI "> aubrext cl TU b, »iutar y 

4. He hug cansed freemen te be secret!* ^i, . 
Impr.ontd; jad,edibernlaaecwt^di^JVi rf * n<l 

proaJb.ted ana p^?T^.*~ aa«ra— .i i l a-,^. 

an^ &££«** '"• "a* -"S-'ISU to k , Bp 

far all coma-erclsl ,ff.lr? addlo* ^;,,, erebT * wrM e- 
traa-ury, ar t a iatcrf .rlr., b(-twe -n d?l IZ "«>, n "l™»i 

tt. -.loan, credit ^V)^^^ 

lucky. In particular, beta* a° ns„ „. !? L^L^, n * 
gaejnWS hi. a, „n otfictr, ti%3££& £" ^ 

.v« Kea,^ u /w;fhir»ms?,. ptoo '. ,,n #*" i «- 

eonoKrioual/faJ t *^ ?! , fj? 8 "^ ua '°l»n pretext 
••r.Utcrmet%-a^l;*?aihi ? eo *?L ple,onof tne ■•* 

epponurj.y „f feeinVbribca Al,, ' 11Uo,, ""tome tho 

IhecherULeVffgb'^or £1^ S'l^'ff ^ *«'»*'* 
p.u ? ,r;, Ilra , 1 ! don V A y r , (r n » 1 , l ^ M « ine «»' kidnap- 

House of K^r./^ttTc»?, r T? n r f 0, « tlon »' Ok, 

toprocai, th'tthe S' Si S ^'if iD3< "«'=- 
la-. He bai, bv al>in*jniB» uie naltor »» .1. 

trust of unsurpa/tcdatrrSb Lv!S .'""f' 11 * 1 »' Public 
a.e 1 c 6 tor H ,,^ lte ou J ,^, 4 ^;rr , b^ ° f 8Ut ' — 
^^'rtaniVn-^rnrttf "£ •'«-^«™ •! » 

ss&im of *" J '-" '«-™^*" 8 ™ a , a e co , o bTt 

tat' „, e r« .oldie„VV»,r n U"the t .r„ 8 u '.f' Uifl f* n,M 
•-WU», to ratata by e p op«l. r r .a -^ ,U,,ptUoua1 ' ^ 



? 



Arlrnrrjlsrrutlon Oatra.c — How the FaTtT 
Lb P»sr«r Bopo ts Bnprean Free Speech 
[From the St. Leula KopubUc n, Septamfecr 22.] 
From affentleaaaawbo was In Troy, Lincoln Coun- 
ty, on Monday, wa learn the paralcslara of a gTeat out- 
rage committed by goldlera la thai place on that day* 
It was the day for the meeting of tha Circuit Court, 
and la accer donee w 1th a tlnw-henorod custom, tha 
lieuio srata adTextised tame time ago that there would 
be a McCKUan meeting In the caurt-hanso on the oc- 
; caalon, which would he addressed by R«bert Oampaelly 
of Flke, and ethen. A weak, or two later, ihe Baalaabi 
adyetilted a muting to be hald In tha aameplaae, and 
on the BBine occasion ; and accordingly, the Oenaer- 
Tctivc«, In order to a raid the psasll illty »( a aUtlealtr. 
chaiiged the place of their msebtbg flVeea the eanxa- 
bouae to tha Methodist Church. Uerc they met together 
on Mot day. to bear Campbell, while the Radicals met 
in the eenrt-heuse to hear an address from Mob. John 
B. Henderson. Hefere the Dentooratlo meeting was 
organized, however, aereral aaidPira entered tha 
church, and one of the number aecested the first man 
he met — an old grey-headed eltken— aad desired to 
know whether "this waa a CenserratlTe meeting". 
The old gentleman replied that It waa, aad waa lnuaedt- 
aielj btruck over the head. Several of hie frlenda Ia> 
taifend, and the soldiers thea began te discharge their 
frt-armg promiscuoesly at the crowd, Colaael Aleck 
Reed, aa estimable yeong man, waa shat dead. Hia 
bialher, Captain Jamas Seed, was tariaaaly wouaded. 
Milton Sandford, wsa alia waandad— leaing an arm. 
At the beginning of the Rebellion In North Klsseurt, 
these geallemaa were among the flnl to take a firm 
and otcidsd stand for the Union, aad ill belonged to 
Ihe early mtliua-erganlzatlona. As sooa aa the soldlen 
had discharged their Ire-arms th«7 got away dsd made; 
th«lr escape out of town. 

Ihexe aoldlera, If they can be called anldlen, areT 
said to h'.ve been sent from Warrenton, though aer- 
erul of them were rvcogtiKod as liaying teen e nrolled 
at and near Troy, and born there, smmedlately after 
IheM incidmte Lad transpired, Colaael Parker, lit 
con.ir.ai d of Ibe Enrolled Missouri Militia, ordered oat 
a norllon »1 bis men and armed, them, boa those who 
had committed the outrsge had disappeared; and op 
to Tneedcy, at * Cel-ek, r. ■., everything Was quiet, 
tlioutr, the McClellan men ware greatly exdtod, and 
a err determined to assert their rights at all haiardt at 
the ncit meeting. 

Gt serai SthoDeld's order rccognliei the richt to af- 
scmlle (or political purposes, tnawed and undisturbed 
by a nil.tarv or any utoer mob. much leaa to be shot 
down in ould blood. That odtr la still to force, and 
we have on alildiog confidence that General Jtoiecrana 
will take Inetttnt meninrca for the arrest or»frery man 
concerned in tho premeditated murder and outrag 
committed at Troy. 



•are the fnlon. but ihe coetraband to free. 



■■ I 



UKCOLN RATIFICATION MEETINS. 



Oatberixig at (tllic>-Hjia«r«, Otticc-Seek- 

■; «xs, jH»hoegemKtioujLsT£, sua SUi>eltlyit, a, 

at Cooper institute — Tile Ucruucrata Ai 

" iti <i u-lso, ud Cneti lor M« <Ucli «.n -Tue 

Twenty- nurd-street tiaug in <_'•,, a. ivii - 
!.] A Procession of Misery- Clie Wiir-J&a^Les 

vsailieir Liur^iia Oaiupai|;a ijauuen— 

ETKicECt'jiTeipdicKuiiuu frac'icii at 
, Tweuniy-Tnirtl Street -"Cum-Plttug- 

Uuai" >ptei-Uj(i. 

L»st evciiinti the Lite ilnited. Twenty- Utrd street 
miscegaaationists, tiid sboadyites of this city general- 
y, htld a grand ratification meetiug at tuo Ooopar in- 
state, to < xhlbit taeir preference for tha Republican 
ticket, both of the national and state gDvercments. 
That it was not hell In the nearest grave- yird, a 
would ha ve been most appropriate, considering tha ; 
insatiate demand for war and slaughter, was probib- | 
ly an oversight on tha part of the gentlemen having 
the affair In charge. However, the meet- 
ing was a larga one, although cot comparing 
by any meats with any of the McClellan 
ratification jmcetlngs that have been held in this city. 
It wns also evident that a very great miny of the pso- 
jle present were Democrat, who came merely frcm 
euriotl.y to see what sort of an alfair the misi tyuai- 
tiome'o, war- sables, and the like, could get up. A ; 
all th j stands ia the i fqaare, and among the groups in 
the vicinity, there was often vociferous chaering 1< r 
McCiellan, and the speakers were much chagrined to 
fli-d, nearly every time Mc'JieiWu'u name w«8 
mentioned, that the cheers were almost, 
g d -i mel uii. a more than tqual to Tie hisses, 

Tblfl is an hitto/ic fact in ovnctctlon with th" 
mfttiig, stated without any desire or intention to 
misrepresent. Our reporters heard more than on - 
surprised Republican remark that they " never ssnH 
so masy Democrats at a Republican meeting before. ' 
The shoddyites have been some time preparing f tr 
-■ill demonstration. The castoin-houas and other 
acuiL-lt-traiioia officials were oat almost e/t rna<tse,\xn<l 
Wl-v ci no inconsiderable t art of the audience, no that 
the result mnet have been, af.er all, rtther a 
auapi>oiLtutK.iit to the pJiiacUiifl wh> "ruu the 
muhlna," because as a popular oemoioitrhiion, it \f&j 
nioie of a failure than a success. At tae meeting ii.. 
t id the hall, Willium Curtis N'oyeS pr-.-sided, ajidthj 
en.ctrs ivere almost wHboni excp.ioa, either recent 
or presentences- holders, i:ru-..ni.i.i strag£l!n$Ior 
a taste tt the 3nodiy pap-spoon. It wouid fill a col- 
umn to mention the names of i.11, but the folio w ii*g 
list is a specimen (.1 the whole: 

J-iUiee Keily pi'stcoastor ; Sheridau Shook, coll^t- 
ir of internal revciue; Thomas Robifioini «du Jooa 
Pitca, custom-house utiach-c-i ; ■• rhaa. V Poihtiaus, 
of street rommiB(ione)r'a rffict, placed there by ox 
Mayor Opdyke; A. J Ditteiihofl'er, RflPibllcaiiPres- 
ideitisl elector ; Benry Richard. C5sf.a. Kissmad, Geo. 
Manchot, 0. P. E Laeder, caaium hou-e aunsheeri; 
Pe'ytr Cook, a perpettiM candidate fur id* Awembly: 
on the Republican Uek*t ot tbe Tenth and T»vei:ta 
districts; Anareas Willmann. occasional Repablican 
etneidate tor Seriate fr:>m the Fifth ditiict, le,:«ly 
oefeated for state pri-on In-'pcior, and now in the 
n,:i--.D> house; Hamu<-I J Gl-^t>, counsel to the coi- 
leccor; Taomas Little, RtpaDhcan sapsrviBor, wlms- 
terij wxil oojn txpirt; bi>iieju uu.y>r, cotleoter 01 
the pert; Edtnu^d Rf^xk cus'.tm Ss.;tJ8a atlic'ut; 
Gto. P, Steiubr.iLnfr, ajaeiBOf of lu'ern^l rov.;«un; 
JoLuU. OtMWell, HBjuLh.a.it sMf-fc. an; 'vTai. A.lLhB 
But.li r. of Flora McFliuisty aid ca«iom j-Ca3e pick- 
nj;:; E DekJitli Sr^ub. United Mated district at- 
t'ru >; .lt.g. R. v7hi r i .^. ef-flrted Ci,4id-t.i lor ; 
ma <i; Ruin* S. Audnwa. Ute hot tCyw or Elerporti' , 
SB liiuvv rtmovtid from offlca, and a lar.se nuaiber of ■ 
uiherSj pitroao if tnUocgsiiatiCu o.-iU, i jd btOudy I 
COi.t>aCl.;IS. 

•'O r ziBK t.11 over svvatos fat, tlfectionate smile, 

That mi>kee the widow lean. ' 
Th^ meetiis ir.sido was adrtrensed by Hon. H^nry 
O-nni-g, ot Conincticat, military lawyer of Ne-? 
Orleans ULder Bugler, anc otli -rs. Prvm the stands 
■ u'tiuo, a lrisctlloneous stt of epesches were made, 
OwlLg to tfe sere ly of f.pejkers, taey k=uc aon- 
tlEually reprati-.jr she same tb read- bare oru^fy f-Mui 
cte Btard io anothrr, couimbuilng at ouaeadof tlie 
line ard sov.ig tbe wfiol-t roui.d. By tbSa meui « ta-ir 
vtices ui like <i.e qa^liiy c) Ldevcj', became sira'ued, I 
hearse, ao.i b^dly citcktd, untcti to^a.d lu o'elooji, 
wijiu ^.cst ot the people Uft, urci small ooys io>'k 
pocse^rioi ot tbe deaertfec< rostrufflfl. Auiiy o:' ihe 
sjiei iers dltplayed ac &g-i;y of venture th^t w .s 
ooul tleso acquiie* hi tia in re. gctt-itun h«;u!qL.i.r''.i-rp, 
vkhtre mipLi tavebeen seen ou nauurous ocuiuious 
tor iuc. ■. ii, paet ihe 

"dHsky Arabcller, 

With a glugbam umber Uer, 
And a ginger- wiwtered teller, 
Doitg 'do^ible-thtm-.B' wite to. Lincoln shoddy 
gang." 
Tbe speeches were all of oae kUd. All ihe siilo> 
icfaua slanders en GeLt-ral -c l-.-l r_ were evoked 
over f„r the occasion and repeated again ■ and again, 
«hueof Mr. LU,cGl!'. pertooill/, they were very 
thary of refereiice. i.r Park Q ;d it in, of the Evtn- 
<h a Post (ihe organ of Mr. Hendurs«B. now held for 



triaiwr alle:gid cdicial corruption wnile holding tue 
tffite ot >.d-ai jsgent), made one of the speeches, 
which was heard but by very few. He *ave the audi- 
ence a -bc-i r hiatory of his ancesiors and his genealogy, 
aLd toid them what some of his relatives have d>ne in 
the war. 

Tne processions were extremely lame. Conaiderliig 
the grtat pain*: that have been taken to get it ap, It 
must be considered a most remarkaoie tailnre, only 
three wards bel^g repratented, and tbe procaision 
oeu.g mostly formed ot smi.ll boys ton ad lootie in. ;he 
streets. Our reporters took the trouble to count, a. 
iivarly a« possible, the Lumbrof p?rsot:s in it nuc 
the ''Ulurijinaaons" of tte stands, and give tne re 
.- ul . as followe; 

ft hole nnza ^er of ward processions 3 

Y\ fco^e number of men i&d boys iu them 60U 

W.' ole numoer oi trucks loaded with small boys.. 6 

Whole number cf "war eagles ' Tearing axe» 1l' 

XVLoienuirber of "war eagles" bea-ing beetles... 16 
Whole cumber of Chinese lanterns oa all tha 

stands ouissde 131 

Whole uuciiber of shoddy and abolition speakers, 

..bout 15 

V.tole ruu.br of calcium lights i 

The bar room? iu the vicinity were most generously 
pants zed, bting cont'nualty crowded 

Aid next, to the "war tables. " The war-eagles 
must not De suppostd (©■ be birds of tne broad aud 
sw-repiLg v>liig, vhote home is hi<u i:i heaven. 
Bogies hie generally coieidered as belocgin^ 10 tudtj 
c^aih'ot iUiiuutta existeucts dracrioea as % -voi-wori*- 
ted. o\ip*^ou-', featuered bipeds, generally formed 
lev flight. " 

A Roman augur possessed of tha utmost tkrl in 
d viLation woutd have bsen puz^lo-i 'o d'.*ct:n ft im 
the appearance of the bbaks and eyv>. ot taese, v at 
iiiiiLer 01 fowl they were of, Th lr piii-:eithers 
)a\. net yet tvnn epronu-d, and axi u ; &i&i j. of teem, 
tuti* ias a general callo*nefj and . uatme.sfl of ap- 
p ai. see, XL. t might inaetd,</ne to ttii.-k they sU: aid 
i-'i ir.imii as ruey >.rsi-t in coanioi,'.; rhemstlves 
J: wi. Tbe Society of ki.>i<iv Ror>it« '''ar fUofcj, 
pe haps. aUhough uLmindfnlcf the perils that doen- 
vt. un the man vuai meanles »n.u cold iron, 
inese oriithclegital youun men prefer for the 
present, to be aisent iu body from the 
niei.es of war, and thereby avoii we uLcomiorlaole 
irusbii g of their flesh thai might enuu\ There waj 
no HHMbirg of ihelr swora's Vi.h in-.riiuetry, fartfte 
8im).l<! leason ttatthey wore no sworos. 'f na mild 
.-no misce.laneoes nost who have so outraged the 
niexoiy ot Aaaobou, bore only haiiners with Dtra;>,xe 
devices, except a few with axes ana beetles, tvpirai 
of rail spiitttig, and let. othirs tugniag tediously at a 
snot'tl batu ry, and assisted by a croud of small boj r 3 
wLO. e>eri rl-^e cr ten minute*, sent up a vociferous. 
cbe.us ef chetre for Mc;lel>an. Th<3 •■ beetles."" 
mcteii.er, were of a kind unheard of Ui tha rail- 
SPlitttcg cccapation, and the war- eagles might do 
weil to c<iisul< their canoidate as to the mojtl of his 
original ail cle. 

O". e cf the clues bcre a banner r*p:e*.'ntlng a black 
chicuea hpparen*ly In tLa )a 3 (, ar.hgau of pip, standing 
on a snial' hill, aioand which was tie motto — "No 
white toathetsin n;y tali." Thf mtvtto wub oarrect, 
Not oaly the tall feath^'f", but evervrtuiE rfae about 
the sick chicaen was dfaa bli«k. Out of tue other 
two jtmniiiing clcbi carried a hauler reures.?ntlog 
t"/o TooB',<bi: , ci.di.uing eide by fide, oae iu a hl^h 
~'ate of 1 xoit. Hop oiiti th«olhsr an.oo'ng ."(...d down- 
cast, alter the fustlon of the wood cut. wi^h wbitji 
cuntry p pera ari-attaat ihir a-ivaniisemeah of 
"Chtwkee remedlsa." This tilling Lincoln «aa»- | 

p.i-f. '.ictnr* was a:>:r»a.iJ pl-.e-tl on the slige ia 
Cooper Lnctiinte. asd vius loai'y- appiauded oy th«a 
auOioi..;e 'twes n-t Btased thai Vila V*a* w * 1 " 
■imbotof taie^Ls. •■ . 

Iireayte, hivever, that he ma n-,1 spirit *llt <»- 
vaippeitseli *ltnpn feithers, and that the pstea^a, 
Ij y^t on!" unborn-, i»ji.g bi dnn, 

'»— An nb9 rflusic o- tie uaoon ( *' 
Slerpa in the p'aiin eg^s ot to-s wi-.h'Lig*ie." 

We will not jnege tbam harsiiy. ThiQiQ 
ttcy had mo trexctifciit blades In battli, ttwy 
yie.r<=, dcnbflsvs, valiant treach'ir.man ai home. ., 

Tbe tallow laoi pa burned »nd tba «•»■ e^tea cima , 
sw." o'xe on. The war-eagles Bwooped at»4 *a« tal- 
low lamps burned 00. Ewny gizzard ooobtiats *»onnd I 
b eh with anlmano . Like a flock of «iid geaaa en 1 
route for storayi L»briiioron a *i;,t9r's m'rnmg.they' 
(ollovotd their cho en leader, who baldly elei'this way 
amid the crowd of small boys tha; might bs clas*idadl 
as ' rcritcb-owls. suitcsiiig loud " and thof ioikers 
or; "for his spirit was tremsn daou" end da'cs to I 
beh.ij." Some cf tbe war-eaglis had evioeaitly 
wbtttea their beaks sg-tas'. blt*i of buttle- .^W^. and 
even as tbey lninobed al n« into the Night's Plutonian 
store, occtclot.al]y renewed th« opera'aon with 
apparent kfueta and B^tuafaction—thns the ebony birds 
bei. niting the wearlceesof the hoar. 

At 10% o'clock the performance was abTit clisod. 
The music ana lamps were dying cut. Tha "cheat I 
atd jig," miscegeneUc*riy Bpeaking. ws aeify j 
danced out. Balance to partr ers Hands allronnd. 
Ail chassez. * 'Home, sweet home, " with variations. • 




n s ' "% 




00 !; 



02 





rOBK DAILY NEWS. 



NEW YORK, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1864- 



PRICE 



A CALCIUM LIGHT EXPLODES. 



Two Persons Killed and Several 
"Wounded. 



seeks by Ei-tiov. Wkkiiffe of nciitusky, 
Coy. Seymour of New York, Ex-iiov. Welie/ 
of California, the Hon. A. J. Rogers, the 
Don. Luke F. Cozaus, J. li. Dudley, Esq., 
tie Hon. Auiusa J. Parker, Matthew flaje 
Smitli, Esq., Geo. M. Curtis, Esq., the llou. 
1. Oakey Hall, the lion. Conrad Svvackha- 
lter, the Hon, W. if. Lawrence of Mode 
Island, den Morgan of Ohio, Thomas T. 
Everett, Thomas J. Miles, Isaac Coleman, 
W.UDunphy, Esqs., Messrs. Perriur, Wedg- 
wood and others. 



The mass meeting of tiie Democracy held in. 

Union Square last evening, under tlic auspices 

of the Young Men's Democratic Association, to 

ratify the nomination of McClellan and Pendle- 

on, was a large gathering, andjwas only sur- 

iWed in numbers by the rally of the Democracy 

oitUe same place just previous to the meeting 

'^the Chicago Convention. Six stands lor 

r^eakers were erected at vurious points in the 

^en area extending around the south cud of 

,he Park, aud all of them were surrounded 

during the evening by ctwwds of eager listeners. 

The stands were aU ornamented with Chinese 

enters bearing mottoes and inscriptions befit- 

rpg the occasion. For an hour previous to the 

jening of the meeting it was heralded by £al- 

C( js oi cannon from t.'niou Park, by skyrockets 

nd by music from the main stand, aud when 

Lhe time for organizing the meeting arrived, 

the entire space around the south end of the 

Square was liJlod with ]>ooplo, 

The turn out ol Democratic Clubs aud as- 
sociations was not so large as usual, but the 
masses were there, aud by their enthusiasm 
and applause of Die speakers— particularly 
those who spoke of peace and a speqdy ond 
of the war— showed that ihey are determined 
to win in the coming election. Subjoined we 
give full reports ol the speeches at the 
various stands, with the ollieers of the meet- 
ing and the resolutions adopted : 



This was the main si and, and was located at 
the south end of the park, directly opposite 
the entrance to llroadway. Suspended around 
the stand was a row ol Chinese lanterns, each 
bearing an inscription ol the names pf McClel- 
lan and Pendleton, together with appropriate 
mottoes, such as " The ('iiion and the Constitu- 
tion," .?/Ihc I'nion must and sliall be pre- 
served," etc., etc. 

The time appointed for the organizatiou of 

.he meeting was eight o'clock; but, as early as 

even o'clock, the people began to gather 

round the main stand, and before eight the 

nlire area in front of the stand, extending iulo 

ad blocking up the entrance to Broadway, and 

caching up to the doors of the L'uiou Place 

otel, was tilled with a compact mass of human 

dngs. The crovd was kept in good humor 

■ the excellent music discoursed Irom the 

tad until the iour for opening tin; meeting 

; rfrc-tf 

BEAl.vKK.s or LUKJi 1 0Z.4N.S, 'IM>; 

EEU.OW (Jn tzj;>s: It is noi becoming iu me, 
oi-e of yourselves, to preside over the delibera- 
tions of this vast assemblage; rather let that 
place be tilled by a veteran Democrat from 
another State, who comes here to offer his 
congratulations with yours. The Democracy ol 
this city are determined to stand true to their 
hibtory and pledges in the future as iu the past. 
To the strangers who hare come here io visit 
us to-night we promised that we would show 
them a grand gathering of the stanch Democ- 
racy of the Kmpire City, and most nobly have 
you by this great outpouring of the masses jus- 
tified our pledges. We now want you io say CO 
this grcaL State that we intend to roll iu> such 
a vast, majority across the Harlem Bridge as 
shall place Now York the tli'ot among tlie'urst 
of Deruocrulie State;. We want you to, as we 
know you will, roll up such a majority as will 
sweep across llie nation with irresistible force, 
until it is lost among the broad waters of the 
Pacific. The whole welfare of humanity (not 
of this nation merely) demands thai this should 
be done. 

A Voick— What decs McClellan say ? 

Mr. Coz.tss -George I). McCiollau accepts the 
nomination. [Tremendous cheers.] lie ac- 
cepts il, feeling that whenever the life of the 
nation ibin danger, no one man has the right to 
place his own life iu the scale against it. 1 now 
have tiie pleasure of nominating as chairman of 
this meeting Luring Andrews Ksq. 

The question on this nomination Was put and 
earried unanimously. 

kewauks op Loiaxt; axdiikw.s, esq. 

Mr. Andrews uu coming forward said: 

PivULOw-UtTiar.Ns of New York,: i thujik you 
for the honor you have conferred upon me. I 
have no speech to make, but shall give all my 
own time acd yours lo the able gentlemen w uo 

will addrese you. And first you will please lis- 
ten to the reading ol the list of Vice Presidents. 
Mr. Rodgera then read the following list: 
vicii nuisiDKN-ra. 
James T. Brady, T Wilson G. riuut, 

Wm. O. Prime. a L. K. Barlow, 

I Iwin CrOSWCt), George Liw, 

August Belmont, Daniel Ddvliu, 

J. twmrvn Brodbcad, F. S. Lathrop, 

A iniiH K. Bailey, .'anion Bryco, 

O. B. Potter, John HcKoon, 

Manton Marble, Baniol E Delavau, 

John T. Hoffman, Pbillp W. Euirs, 

Cornelina Vanderuilt, v. H. ChurebiU, 

•. Godfrey Cumber, Lortng A ndrews, 

Abraham Duryea, Kobert Froelisb, 

John Anderson, John Kelly, 

John M. Harbour, Henry Hilon, 

William M. Tweed, Samuel J. Til den. 



Oswald Ottendorler, 
Wm. Chaunccy, 
Augustus Scheli, 
Loyal H. Pcnd, 
jben.iarnin Kay, 
George B. Greer, 
Oarlea P. Daly, 
Lycurgus Ed^ertou, 
William Judsou, 
Horace F. Clark, 
James Brooks, 
Andrew Mills, 
Jam..-s McMahon, 
Michael Connolly, 
Theo. E. Tomlinaon, 
Ignatius Flyrin, 
Bern L. Budd, 
Claudius L. Mouell. 
D. P. lngrahani, 
Albert Caidouo, 
Emmet Blair, 
James English, 
Francis K Tihon, 
John T. Agnew, 
Thuruos Jorerniah, 
Frederick E. Mather, 
Charles Devlin, 
Peter B. Sweeny, 
WUIiam II. Asplmvall, 
Kichard Lathers, 
John K. Hackctt, 
Philip J. Cozans, 
James Lynch, 
Thomas C. Fields, 
John P. Brady, 
William Abbot, 
Legraud G, Capcis, 
Hiram Ketcbum, 
John Basdall, 
T)r. R. P. fiteveu», 
Nathaniel Wolfe, 
Hiram Cranston, 
John B. Borst, 
Hoses M. Laird, 
Gideon J. Tucker, 
Edwin Burtlett, 
Henry Channccy, Jr., 
A. Bcheitlin, 
George It. 1'UTEIT, 
Georga W. McLean, 
Henry ft- Holliniie, 
Henry -Uker, 
A 1 vah II. Lockwood, 
N. HUM Fowler, 
Joshua J. Henry, 
.lames Murphy, 
Chester DngRS, 
James Irving, 
Florence McCarthy, 
Jeremiah Taylor, 
Kd. L. Hearn, 
Win. O'Dounell, 
John S. Giles, 
D. C. nirilsall, 
Helliai u McCtlbc, 
Samuel Boardman, 
William Cauldwoll, 



Hunjamln P. Faa'cliikL 
Wm. B. Duncan, 
Klijah F. Purdy, 
M.B. f>pauWing, 
Francis I. A. Boole, 
•Tosiah Sutherland, 
Watts Sherman, 
Morgan T_ Harris, 
Matthaw T. Brenu;in, 
Thomas MeSpeddon, 
James L. Noyes, 
Charles G. Cornell, 
Eli P. Norton, 
William Sjliirmer, 
John Riuhr, 
( albert Dean, 
Brustu^ S. Brow u, 
Janicfl Honcrier, 
Abm. D. llusseli, 
Gilbert M. Spear, 
John W. Avery. 
John E. Devetiu, 
Henry V;uidewau'r, 
J. DePeyster O-deu, 
John McCool, 
Henry W. Genet, 
S. J. Gordon, 
li.Lrtin En^'laud, 
TlvomuH Stephens, 
CharsesE. Loew, 
Fi'edericl; L. Vulte, 
Andrew Mount, 
N. J. Waterbuo, 
Wilson Small, 
o. Sloan Hokieu. 
C^eor^e Kuster, 
.Mn,esD. Gale, 
J. EUasi Whitehead, 
' 'hri-.tian B Woo.huli, 
Stephen P. ltub.sell, 
t:h.irles H Ilulbeit, 
Levi S. Ciitttrteld, 
Thomas Dunbp, 
George OaldweJl, 
Clipt John Simu- >n, 
Samuel C. Madden, 
Charles M. Keller, 
P.u:l R. G. Perry, 
.lames Farley, 
A. L. Robertson. 
John Murphy, 
Jolm Pettigrew, 
David V. l'Teem.in, 
AVilliam Brvce, 
James B. Nichul.>ou, 
James B. Brady, 
i J. N. Herman, 
Ji.hu Austin, 
Col. Isaac E. Duryea, 
Bernard l'lana^au, 
A. G. Moloney, 
John Fiupatrick, 
John Pyue, 
John Bulley, Jr., 
John Cati'rey, 
LewiH Carpeutcv, 
Thomas White, 



SKUJUSTABUSS. 

Jeremiah S. Baker, John H. Decker, 

UoraUo P. Carr, James Watsou, 

Philaniler Reed, Peter H. Ja?k»on, 

W. J. O. Kennev, Patrick Keirin. 

R. T. Entwiatle,' Tho*. T. Everett, 

Nathaniel .laivis, Jr , K. II. llaaerly, 

i Geo. T. Dewland, Reuben C. Woodi nil', 

John Moore, Alexander HcGatiaH, 

James Mahonv, TUnmas Dunphy, 

James E. Nolan, , P.J. Wall, 

Jeremiah Larociiue, Michael Colter, 

John Warren, William P.. I'ravcn, 

Allied S. Dusunhury, !i, eor s. c Piersuu, 

lbaacriobinjon, " m. l. tiy, ~. 

John Hardy, Benjamin K Hnttou. 

Wm. A. Barr, John M. Tracy, 

E.J. ShauOley, Deimis Quinu, 

Inane Dubois, Charlei Cole. 

HiiirvM"-^ A.J. Matthewson, 

M r. Co ".us, William H.Tracy, 

Edw. J. Hamilton, Jolm 11. Hiirtnett, 

Y L Vulte, Jv., Krancui lloushtaliu, 

Cliarles Ko.-ter, Spencer W. Codc, 

lft>nry W. Allen, Theo. E. Kemp, 

Samuel Coulter, Joseph Belleslliem, 
Henry H. Moraoge, S. P. IuL-rahiim, Jr., 

■lliumas BolKer, S N. Cohen, 
Thomas v.. Casey, 

'J lie following resolutions were then read in 
a loud and clear tone of voice by Spencer ^. 
Cone, Kstp and were unanimously adopted: 

Itexolnit, That the prcscn-athm of the Uniou, tlic 
luitiutcuaiH-e ef lhe Conslltutlou aud theilei'ensc of 
IhCCMual riplitsof the Slates have always Keen, and 
arc now, tiie lienlauieuial principles of Hie Demo- 
ciauoii.irVj; Uiat we reeeiveil ihem as sacred trusts 
rrnni our ratters, aau will,witli God's help, hand 
ikem uo«ii arnmpiiixed to our posterity ; ■•undiluit 
neither military rU-aster, iiolitical factum or forwiK>> 
Miirslmkcoiir billed i.mpu.j .to cuioix'e Uteequiil 
operation ot the laws of the dutea btates upon ue 
people of every State, 

Resolved, 'Ileal peace i-. net ODlv the end -iOU'lhl by 
all wars mil also tim cmi which we Uruily believe 
would lung since liavo hoen utufiueci by the Govern- 
ment of the united States in Hie civil war liowdeso- 
latintt our country, Imtforihe oneonsiUnttoiud proe.. 
lauiatfoBH of Hie feiier.ii Usi'euilvc, Ids refusal tmd 



that or his fanatical advi&crs to listen lodosuggu.— I 
lions urreasou and iruo jjoiioy ; the creation by them j 
of every possible harrier lo ihe voluntary return to tin; I 
t.nion 01 die seceded Staler; tlnlh&uglilyexaciiou'or [ 
conditions precedent, wiiloh Uie liovernmonl 01 rhe | 
luiied State:) has no power or capacity to demand; 
the unconstitutional legislation ol the present Con- j 
gnus, anil tlie interference or incompetent civilians, : 
governed wholly by party hatreds and adolenuuia- : 
tiou to (destroy tnu Union rather tfian abandon a 
single aboiiiion dogma, with the military plans of our 
greatest leaders in the iield. 

Etisoleed, That the present war should liave no oilier ! 
object than tie restoration 01 the I'mon as it was and 
the defense oi the Constitution as it is; and that we 
demand no eondilion.-i pre«cdeni of peace, except re- I 
nowed fidelity on the urni oi tlie seceded States, toiiie 
original compact ol Union. 

i/eaoitftl, That ttio nomination of George [). Me- 
Cleliau, ley the greatest and most patriotic eou\ union 
wluoii lias met In the Nun World, »iuce lhat uhlelt 
termed tuts Federal Constitution, was but a jnstre- 
nr.oiise to the popular will, the people having already 
cnitfcn him as their standard-bearer upon die strengl h 
of his character and record; and rhat on Ids election 
hang our laot hopes of success m tlie present war; 
security and national reintegration in an honorable 
pun-e; the restoration ol tlie rights of the ciUzeiis, 
and ihc perpetuation not only of die lorm but or the 
spn'Jt of republican government throughout tlie iaud. 
Soldier, statesman, patriot and Christian he stands so 
Ju'gh, so great, m all he has said or done since his en- 
trance into public life, that the people have seen in 
Inm tlie nm:o was demanded by them as liitir lead'jr 
in the {tresuesi Crisis of their country, ami will place 
him in me Presidential chair in sjriic of all thai force 
or fraud can contrive against liiui. 

lle.iotvert. That the. puttlioserviues, eminent abilities, 
vigorous Intellect, and unblemished character of our 
candidate for the \ too Presidency, k'eorgu 11. p.jmtie- 
wn, art; inly recognized by Ins selection for the sec- 
ond place trpontu'c Democratic ticket, 

During tiie reading ol the resoluUons, which 
were greeted wish ii'e<,ueni appluusc, a dele- 
gation Iroin llto First Ward MeClellau Associ- 
ation arrived on the ground and were enthusi- 
astically, cheered. 

Alter tlie adoption of tlie resolutions the 
President, introduced as tlie first speaker, Mr. 

Andrew J. Rodders ofNow J.-i scy. 

STf.Ki'Jl OV Mil. lainoims. 
Mil. Cir.i.rii.y.is nu l'i u.ow-Crruy.ss : You 
are assembled here to-night to ratify our nomi- 
nation lor President and Vice President. Yon 
arc assembled under difioront circtun.;uuicea 
from those under which you assembled before. 
In form or limes, under Democratic rule, when 
we wi. c li to consult upon naiional affairs, it was 
the good jortime of our country to stand united 
in ail its power, lite Rome, in her best period. 
1 must confess, fellow-citizens, that I approach 
Uk- Presidential contest with despondency and 
gloom. [Voice. ■•.No, no, vre : re bound to win."] 
The cation is engaged in a great civil 
war, brought upon us by those who now 
hold ihe l.tlni oi State; these are the men whom 
wo are called upon to displace h'om power and 
to pur in their stead the hero *f Antictum. 
[Cheers, and cries of " We'll do it."] And we 
will doll, not by appealing to the passions of 
the people, but by appealing to tiieir reason 
and then- humanity. \t o all know tlv.lt the 
J'eir.oeracy cannot succeed iu this election by 
tiieir own might alone, but we must appeal to 
the conservative and rational portion oj the Re- 
publican party to vote for JleClellan and help 
Uri (ilive the COUUlry. [Applall.se. j We told that 
pi.rly in lsco the consequences of electing a see 
tionul and AbuliLioii candidate lo too iYesi- 
d- ucy, but limy would not listen to os. They 
told us lhat the Constitution was a ■• league 
Willi death and a covenant with nail;" they 
stigmatized us as " Unlori s^surs;" they scoffed 
at the idea ol the South seceding from 
the Union, and taul they "would no(, 

be kicked out;" they said the Union "needed a 
little bloodletting, anu that it would be ail the 
better tor it." And now, instead ot fulfilling 
the promises they made to che masses to induce 
them to vote their ticket, they have drenched 
the land in blood and filled our country with 
misery, mourning, lamentation and woe. Yes, 
fellow-citizens, I charge the party now in pow- 
er with having been the means of tilling our 
land with new made graves, and ol spreading 
the lutunated visage of death and destruction 
thoughout our once happy country. And in 
the loyal) States where they could not 
behold the immediate ravages ot war, 
they have ' used the mailed hand of mili- 
tary despotism and tyranny to trample down 
our bleeding Counstitution. [Applause.] 
And now, fellow-citizens, we are about to meet 
these assassins of our liberties, these men whose 
garments are reeking with the blood ot Abol- 
ition rule— at the ballot box. The people will 
replace the Abolitionists who have been tlie 
means of plunging the country into this cruel 
war. Let us look out that in the coming elec- 
tion we elect George B. McClellan, and remove 
from power those who have stolen our liberties 
fiom us. [Applause.] Rather than let Abe Lin- 
coln [groans Tor Lincoln] continue in power 
another four years let us arraign him at the bar 



of the civilized world for impeachment and trial. 
[Applause.] Let us put him down with his ac- 
cursed "to whom it may concern" doctrine by the 
constitutional doctrine of George B. McClellan. 
[Applause.] Let us give them to understand 
that we are going to make military men sub- 
servient to civil law; that we are going to res- 
cue our libert'es, and hand down our constitu- 
tional government unimpaired to our posterity. 
[Applause.] If we succeed in his election, you 
will soon behold the stars and stripes again 
floating proudly from every hill-top throughout 
the length and breadth of the land. [Ap- 
plause.] Under Democratic rule the ca- 
reer of our country had no parallel 
in history, but now we behold tlie 
country, sunken as it is, under the despotism 
of Abe Lincoln. [Applause.] Contrast it with 
its condition under Washington, Madison, Mon- 
roe. Jackson, and other Democratic patriots 
who have filled fne presidential chair. It was 
ihe fanatics at Washington who furnished the 
fuel to kindle the civil war now devastating our 
laud. LA. voice— "Three cheers tor the Chicago 
platform," which was responded to.] The 
speaker then proceeded to argue from historical 
parallels that a united people, though smaller n 
numbers than the South, had always shown 
that they could not be subjugated, although 
they arc" frequently conquered by conciliation 
and compromise. But, sav the opposition, 
what are going to do if you elect your 
candidate. I will tell you what we are going 
to do. We are going to cancel the Emancipa- 
tion Proclamation and all confiscation laws. 
[Governor Seymour here came upon the stand 
and was greeted with the wildest enthusiasm, 
Ihe cheers being prolonged for several min 
utes.] When the tumult had 'subsided the 
sp'eaker continued: We intend to remove from 
power those who arc iattening on the public 
spoils; we intend to shake off the shackles of 
despotic power; we intend to put down the 
greedy cormorants who are speculating upon 
the uiislortuncs of the people and fattening 
off their blood ; we intend to make our 
country the refuge and protector ol foreign- 
ers and the oppressed of all lands; 

we intend to put a stop to the massacre of" 
Southern women and children by armed barba- 
rian negroes; we intend to stop arbitrary ar- 
rests, and the suppression ot newspapers, and 
to make every man's home his castle. [Ap- 
plause.] Before I conclude, fellow-citizens, 1 
wish to exhibit to you a relic of old fashioned 
Democracy. 1 hold in my hand a fifty cent 
piece in silver, (holding up the piece to the au- 
dience who greeted the strange sight with up- 
roarious laughter and applause.) If you elect 
McClellan, we intend to bring back that cur- 
rency, so that it you die and make your 
will and have any of it on hand, you 
can know thai you have lelt some- 
thing to your children. On that piece 
you'bohold Washington; there is Jefferson, 
there la McClellan, and there (holding up a ten 
cent postage currency) Is Abe Lincoln. [Up- 
roarious laughter.] Fellow-citizens will you 
rally! in Kovember ior our candidates t ["We 
will," •• We will."] Let ua lake off our coats 
and go Into the contest with vigor and deter- 
mination, luiei in Hoir ember uexvwewdl release 
ourselves from the misrule and tyranny of the 
present Administration. [Applause.] 

IX •liOVl-.T.KOK WlfKUt'l-K'S si'nucu. 

The Chnirnmn introduced llx-Cov. Wieklirio 
of Kentucky, who was received with applause 
and said : 

l'i:i.i.ov,-</i -m/.i-:\h or Nkw V'or.K.: 1 am be" 
lore you tc-nigiil umiet great disadvantage! 
not well, and I ifcol a depression of spirits calcu" 
latrd to prevent me from meeting my own 
V iiher< on Lhi.b occasion. When I had the honor 
of addressing the citizens oi'STew York in l«u2, 
in a hull, the name oi which I cannot now re- 
member (Cooper Institute), we there started 
the ball necessary to save the Union. The gal- 
ls.nt S:aie of which I am a unlive born, had not 
then felt the iron heel oi oppesaion, but I then 
predicted, and tlievnot i'eelit, and 1 dare not say 
within the limits of that State what I have said 
iu Xew York, and what I intend to say to you 
to-night. [Cheers.] What has called this great 
and almost unlimited meeting here to-night ? 
11. is the consciousness that yotir liberties, your 
country, your personal happiness, your Consti- 
tution is iu danger of being destroyed by the 
toe— by a Joul despoil -..ni unparalleled in the 
history of man. [Cheers.] Sfr, how are we to 
meet this despotism '. We may differ as to the 
choice or the man who should bo the standard- 
bearer of the Democracy. You may prefer one, 
1 may preler another; but, thank "God, with a, 
unanimity unexampled in the History ot nomi- 
nations in Kentucky, we have a leader upon 
whom we can all rely in gaiety and confidence, 
ami it 'the people will do their duty, he will 
work out tlie salvation Of this nation, and that 
man is George B. McClellan. [Cheers.] Our 
first, man was named George, lie jj,vas a gootl 
President; and now wc have two men upon our 



him 
] Sirs, 
p. nut out tlie mode 



platform both of whose given names are George, 
and I say three cheers for George B. McClellan. 
[Prolonged cheers.] I would not have the time 
or power, nor would you na\e the patience, 
if lis ere to undertake to discuss all the ques- 
tions, and measures, and outrage* > which 
this unholy Administration has inflicted upon 
our bleeding country. 1 have read lm-,iily Ihis 
iu i) niing the speech recently delivered by the 
"boss""ol this administration [laughter]; the 
man who scaled himself in the oiiie.: of the 
State Department with a bell upon his right 
hand and one upon his left. Do you know who 
he is V [Cries Of "Bill Seward!"] i 1< 
not to ring his bells at me. ' [Laughte 
lie has been pleaded to . 
and manner in which ihis Administration 
is to eon duct us to peace, harmony 
and Union, and he has ignored the principle 
of his captain in this ernue against the Consti- 
tution oi our Government. Lis mode of'scuiing 
n peace is somewhat diu'erent. Mr. Lincoln's 
peace is now openly avowed to be " no over- 
ture of peace to rebels in arms, lay down your 
aims, consent to be hung as we may choose, j 
eon':eni. to surrender jotir liberty a ttd. your in- { 
dependence as Stale Government, and let m ! 
dictate to you the rule for year cull and do- j 
mefclic Government and status, and we will re- i 
reive yon, by the grace of Cod, as new teriito- j 
ries." i Laughter andekeerf.] I under;,! and that ; 
Mr. Seward duL=s not go tiie w hole h.-ngt.ii of thai. : 
platfomi of settlement wliich Lincoln says In | 
ids proclamation, "To all whom it may coil- i 
ecru"- no peace, nor negotiations for peace j 
Khali ever bo receh «sd, unless the South lir.u j 
lay down their arms, and emancipate all their 
negroes; and then he will negotiate with them 
upon reasonable terms. There is not a man in 
the country who believer* that Abraham Lincoln 
can conduct the wai'j with safety to tin; Union, 
and the prospect of restitution. Then why, In 
the luine of God, continue him in Una position? 
In 1m!1, when Ihe federal Cougreso met, 
this man was in power, and had the " bell to. m" 
as Ins principal, lie then told the American 
people, told Congress, tend told tlie people ot 
liurope that the ship of St.'.te was hut a Utile 
shaken—that in three moatha till would be (set- 
tled; that it required but a few men ond a few 
dollars. We have given four billions ot money 
and two millions of men, as brave and valiant 
as ever fought under any flag, and still he wants 
300,000 more. For what V To murder in a war, 
lor what? To restore this Union 1 No! no! They 
do not intend to restore It until they shall have 
emancipated the poor negro, subjugated the 
States, destroyed the Constitution, broken down 
the spirit of the white man. If, continued Gov. 
Wlcklifle, a man had engaged a carpenter to de- 
work, who squandered twice the amount he had 
asked for to complete the job, and lelt id un- 
finished, he would discharge him and employ 
another. They must do so here, and give their 
! work into the hands of an engineer-one who 
! understands his business. [Cheers.] It Abrar 
ham Lincoln were elected, he might 
bid iarewell to civil liberty aud Union. 
The speaker then went on anu gave instances 
in Kentucky ot what he claimed to be great 
oppression and tyranny, and called upon tie 
Tribune to deny them if it dare. One, lie 
stated, was the case of a Mr. McCoy, who, with 
his family, was arrested while attending the 
last moments of a dying child— not allowed to 
remain over night to close her eyes. What 
would they do with a man who did such things .' 
[Cries of "hang him!"] Oh, no; he would 
not hang him-he was not lit to die-but leave 
him to his own reliection and repentance. 
[Cheers.] 

Sl'EEOH OF liOVEltKOB SEYMOUR. 

Govkbnok Horatio Sisymouh was then in- 
troduced to the audience, and was greeted with 
long applause. When quiet had to some extent 
been restored, he said: 

FElXOW-CmzENS: Neither my health nor my 
voice will permit me to address you at any 
length, but I feel that I cannot do better 
than address you a few words on this 
occasion. I have just returned iroin tlie 
Chicago Convention. I was your repre- 
sentative there, in part, and B^vre 
i me, I [stand before you now, imbued witn tlie 
spirit which animated that, patriotic body Ot 
! men, and the vast assemblage whicn attended 
upon its proceedings. Animated by ihe hope 
that by our proceedings we might do something 
I io restore the Union ol our country, to bring 
I back peace to our distracted land, and to up- 
I hold our Constitution and our liberties, we met 
! in the City of the West with our broth- 
ers from the other portions ot 
the Union In order to express our 
sentiments in the nominal ion ol our candidate 
for the Presidency. 1 have seen much oi polit- 
ical gatherings. It has been my fortune to 
mingle much in public life. I have attended 
many political conventions, bat never betorc in 
the course of my experience, have I attended a 
convention so absorbed by one single idea, so 



> 



animated by one common purpose— to save 
our UniOD, and to save our country, 
as pervaded that party ot men. fCheers.] 
Not only was this manifested by the delegates 
who spoke for the several States which they re- 
presented, but it was true of the vast assem- 
blage of citizens who came up lrom every por- 
tion oi ocr country to witness the deliberations 
ol the Convention. They had recently heard 
the letter emanating from the President ol 
these United States, " to all whom it may con- 
cern," and it concerned them all to find 
that this terrible war, in which we have been 
engaged for three years, was not waged solely 
to restore our Union or uphold our institutions, j 
had been waged for so Utile purpose in restor- 
ing peace to our distracted eountiy. We are 
now called upon by our Constitutional duties to 
sit ill judgment upon this Administration. 
It Is now not only our right, but it 
is our duty to inquire, atler we have 
expended more than §200,000,000, alter we have 
given this Government more than 2,000,000 qI 
inen— it is cur light to inquire, and to demand a 
reply 10 that inquiry, why is it so far from our 
country being restored to its prosperous con- 
dition previous to the outbreak ol the re- 
bellion; is it thai, we have generally been 
vanquished in the Somh and the rebel 
armies have -been marching northward:" 
"Why is it that there has been this utter failure 
in bringing this war to a successful end ? it 
must be either by reason of the policy ot the 

Government, or on the part of those who nave 
borne arms in support ot our Hag. It must be 
either the civil policy on the part of the Gov- 
ernment, or else it must be that our armies 
have not come up to the just expectations ot 
the people. Who will dare to say thi3 > 
Who will dare to nay that the mult 
lies with tie brave and gallant men who 
have so fearlessly iallen ill defense of the Hug 
which we all love. [Loud cheers.] Who will 
dare to say that we have failed in these efforts 
because our people ha\e withdrawn either their 
means or their men, or their efforts to up- 
hold or support tins Union ? Who will dare 
to ask, standing amid the new-made 
craves of live hundred thousand men who have 
iallen victims in this bloody war; who will dare 
to say that it is owing to the want ol bravery, 
I or zeal, or devotion oi the gallant men who 
have battled under the commands of this Ad- 
ministration. [Shouts of ■' No one, it was the 
Administration."] All this the community 
has a right to expect ol them. Have they not 
done enough by their efforts to save ther-inkmg 
ship ■'. After the battle ol Gettysburg; alter the 
siege of Yicksburg, alter the opening ot the Mis- 
sissippi, when we had sailed up to Charleston, 
Savannah and Mobile, when we had possession 
of Louisiana and the mouth ot the Mississippi 
Liver, had there been wisdom at Washington 
to avail ourselves of the advantages gained, to- 
day we should have been living in peace 
under a restored Union, and under a Constitu- 
tion respected by every' class in the community. 
1 cnaige here that what we have suffered is 
to be traced solely and entirely to the policy ot 
this Administration. It is chargeable upon 
their desire to protract this contest, which they 
lind calculated so much to enlarge their power, 
which is ,-o much to their ad vantage, and which 
minister;: so much to their ambition. [Applause.] 
Now it has bee q charged upon us that we are 
untrue to the Union. Where have we been 
unfruu to the Union. Why should we not be 
laithful to it-ibis glorious Union? Why the 
Democratic party raised us up from one ot the 
Windiest to lite most m.ignhiceul nation 01 the 
earth. [Cheers.] SVe untrue to the Union, 
which was the work of the Democratic party 
through its great statesmen! [Cheers.] No, it is 
not w e who are afraid toha\ e I hose Statifi come 
bach again into the Union. [Loud applause.] 
It is not we who desire gain Horn our revolution 
wil h the South. 1 1, is not thai party outside oi 
power v. liii.-li feels none of the advantages ol 
this war, bui icols :.o heat ily its burdens. It is 
not such a parly that fears to protract the strug- 
gle, it is not this pari y that Uands in tiie way 
oi the restoration of the Union. [Applause.] 
No, it Is the parly that lrom the beginning ot 
this contest. h> its legislation, by its policy, by 
its evil passions, by iVa sordid intrigues, has im- 
posed upon its til) the obstacles that have pre- 
vented the Sonr.li from coming back to her 
allegiance. Who is it thai asks any conditions .' 
Who is it that places proclamations upon our 
i.'oiifilifutiou I Who is ii that Places diuiculties 
intl:ewa\to restore our distracted country* 
i Iliad the letter of Abraham Lincoln 
I and yon will learn who it is. Hoes he 
i-ny laiore thiri Union is restored, that some 
conditions Shall be perhirmed? Very ..ir lrom 
i ibis. Does i.e ask, whenever the people oi the 
j South will return main within the Hants oi this 
Union, fl.ev". -hail have restored to them every 
couatii iiUluiifu" right, ilia; eveiy state shall 
I have the richlH they enjoyed belure this 
! unhappy division oj our CounUy .' t have 
se.itl here to-night that our i.uliiro 



to restore the Union, and bring it back i0 one 
laud was due to the policy of -the Administra- 
tion. You have had here to-night one ot the 
most striking illustrations oC the truth or this 
assertion. What spot of ground is there in this 
broad country which has been pacified by tho 
policy of the Administration ? Our armies have 
had "possession of Louisiana for nearly two 
years. it has been Held for that time 
under the civil policy of the Administration. l>ui 
have they brought it back into too Union? 
Have limy restored it to peace ? You know 
that it is. not so, and you know that the condi 
lion of Louisiana to-day, alter two years of oc- 
cupation by our armies under the policy ol the 
Administration is worse than the day we began 

the military possession of that portion ot our 
country. At the outset of this war our hearts 
were gladdened with joy when we were told 
that Kentucky was true to the Union. To-day 
wo are told that Kentucky, Missouri, 
Maryland and portions of Virginia have 
remained in the Union under the guidance ot 
men who were then hailed by all classes as 
patriots, hut to-day we are told that these men 
are from three years' experience oi the policy 
ol this Administration hostile to the Govern- 
ment and are treated as If they were 
traitors to the cause of our Union, instead ol 
being her firmest supporters. Now, it -is true 
that lrom the beginning of this war to this 
moment the policy of the Administration 
has been such that it has spread dissatisfaction 
throuah our land. While our armies have 
fought so well and so bravely to support the 
miserable policy of this Administration, so 
wide has the discontent become in the North 
to-day that the Government will not permit the 
citizens of Indiana, Illinois, and Ohio to pur- 
chase arms and ammunition, States with- 
out whose votes Lincoln could never 
have been made President. [Cheers ] 
Is this the policy calculated to bring back peace 
to our land ? We must choose between the two 
parties. 'On the one hand 'you have a party 
made up undoubtedly of some good men. 1 do 
not stand here to assail them, for some of them 
possess personal worth and intelligence, but 
nevertheless their parly is animated by mistak- 
en political principles. What has arisen from 
them? War, the ruin of the land. 
Now, in opposition to that, you have 
another party. A tiine-h«uored organization, 
Identified with ail the glories of our history, an 
organization animated by sentiments opposed 
to those I have stated, men who love their 
country, who mean to preserve this Union, who 
mean t'o bring peace to this country, and who 
will battle for constitutional liberty. You must 
choose between the two. Upon your choice 
rests the destinies oi this land. Four years 
more of such an Administration will 
eventually rain this great country. We 
have placed ;in nomination a man who has 
shown his devotion to the country in Dehalf of 
its maintenance. We have nominated a man 
against whom not even our political opponents 
can east one word of reproach. So far as per- 
sonal purity ef character is concerned, we have 
placed in nomination a man who can cement 
this Union together— a man who declares it 
'shall be preserved. [Cheers.] We have placed 
in nomination George B. McClellan, the patriot, 
hero and Christian. [Tremendous cheers.] 
Gov. Seymour havins concluded amid loud 
cheers, Ex-Governor Welter of Calitornia was 
announced as the next speaker. 

REMARKS OF EX-GO V Wf.LLEIt. 

He said he had been a Democrat for twenty- 
five years, and he intended to do ah his datj lor 
the Democracy in this contest. When a mem- 
ber of Congress he saw this storm approaching 
years ago, when the cloud was no blggor than 
a man's hand, and he then predicted it would 
break out. lie noticed that most ot the duli- 
culttes of this life originated in a disregard oi 
the eleventh commandment. He would tell 
them what that commandment was: " Fret not 
thy gizzard about other men's affairs; but at- 
tend to thine own." He then related a humor- 
ous incident illustrative ol this idea, which oc- 
curred in Plainvllle, California. There was no 
question now as to the tariff, and United Slates 
Dank internal improvements, or the oilier 
questions which used to agitate the public; toe 
only question at issue in our day, was whether 
we were to have tree government or mili- 
tary despotism. We had to make a selection 
between these two issues, and there were three 
candidates from who'" l » l "" Uc , a selection 
Uirahim Lincoln, who had not only perverted 
the Government, but had introduced corruption 
into every department Of it; General Fremont 
or Gen. George I>. McClellan. As to choosing 
between Lincoln and Fremont there would 
be in a difficulty similar to lhal in which he 
once found himself in Calitornia. He was riding 
along, and came to where two roads diverged, 
when he inquired of a youngster which of them 
it would be better for him lo take m the pursu- 
ance of his journey i The reply he received 



was: " If you iaKe eitner one, ucioic .you get 
oue half the way yon will wish you had taken 
the other." The Democratic opponents ot 
the Administration were called traitors. 
Traitors to what ? he would Inquire. Not the 
Union or the Constitution, any would pretend. 
He had never taken an o a Hi to support Abe 
Lincoln, and God helping him, lie never would. 
He had sworn to maintain and support the Con- 
stitution, not any Administration. Was it not 
unjust, then, to charge disloyalty on the Denio- 
c.aticpaitv Decause they refused to support this 
Administration? The cry now was that the 
South must be subjugated, hut he could ted 
them that eight millions of Americans couid 
never be subjugated. No American people 
could be subjugated. If all Europe combined 
were lo send their armies to our shores with 
the intent to subjugate us, could they do it? 
Never, never. They might bombard'our towns 
and confiscate our property; they might cause 
rivers of blood lo run, and massacre our citi- 
zens; but we would, when all tailed, retire to 
the fastnesses ot our mountains— we would rav.e 
every domicile in cur land to the ground, and 
destroy every blade of grass; but we would still 
fight oh and light ever, until we found the last 
intrenchment of liberty in our graves. Sub- 
jugation Mas an absolue impossibility. Then, 
we were also told that subjugation was to be 
followed by miscegenation. The doctrine was 
held thattiie intermarriage ^' the Irishnfanwith 
i the negro would improve and elevate the Irish- 
man. If there wire a Republican Irishman in 
the crowd before hiui.be put to him whether 
he would exl end his 'baud to a black wench 
and say lamiliaiiy toher. '-Come to my arms, 
my darling." Such would be a picture, indeed, 
it it were possible. The Democracy stood i»y 
the doctrine of State Uights, which would 
secure equality to them, and the prerogative ot 
fonningtheir own institutions. New England 
had abolished slavery because the ^ ankees had, 
after making a calculation, found it no longer 
paid them to keep'it. It was not philanthropy, 
but cute Yankee cunning that led to abolition 
in New Eneland. And then how aid they 
abolish slav eiy? Not by allowing the slave to 
go free, but by selling iiim to a Southern mas. 
tar. Now " they ask for ,"300,000 more 
men Lo continue a war upon the sons oi these 
very men who bought their slaves, m the in- 
terest of Abolition. They have caused our 
rivers to run with blood, they have piled up a 
pillar ol human bones higher than thai ot an- 
cient Egypt, in pursuance of their policy, but 
they j till cry out for more. Truth compelled 
him lo say that the clergymen of New England 
were the principal cause oi ihts bloody war. 
They dirt not teach .he law of kindness, nor 
tolluw the spirit ot Chri.it; but they had turned 
their churches into arsenal j and distributed 
riiiestobe used against their folio w-ciiizens 
from the South. If these were Christians, he 
could only s::iv that there -was a place down be- 
low filled Willi such Christians. The Demo- 
cratic divisions in the cut had put this 
parly inpirtu'r: their pretext oi philanthropy 
had noai'lv uekroyed the country. Let us, 
then, gel back to the principles of the starting 
point in our country's history, and the -good 
o"'d iui' r " would a'-f'in wave in all its splendor, 
lciJrtcoted alike in the Nov; h ami fho South. 
Let it he remembered that the political struggle 
10 eimt would he a fearful oue. The present 
party would not give- up its hold on power with- 
out striving lo the utmost to retain it., fhere 
was one plank in the Chicago |)3alibrni that he 
had put m there himself. It was this: ••{[«- 
,-■( hid, That the direct interference of the mili- 
tary authority or" the United Slates In the re- 
el,; elections held in 'Kentucky, Maryland, 
Hi-, souii ami Delaware, was a shameful viola- 
tion of the Constitution; and a repetition ot 
tiu'h acts ill the coming election will be held as 
revolutionary, and resisted with all the power 
ana means under our control." Wo supuoscd 
that resolution sufficiently explained ii elf: but 
if an explanation were necessary, he could tell 
ihciu thai it meant a fair election, entirely nn~ 
interfered v.iib by bayonets, or else a "tree 
tight." Tne speaker closed amid loud a,jiplau.>e. 
it:::.iAju;s of.i. a. mnn.KY. 
J. (1. Dudley of Weslehesler County then ad- 
dressed the assemblage. He said he Wtw al- 
ways at home in a crowd of Democrats, for ha 
had been a Democrat; for 31 years, as long as he 
had been a voter. His grandfather fought for 
tho country and he had a right to speak. He 
did not know but some Provost Marshal ana 
posse was going to arrest the crowd; but they 
would have a hard time to take this assemblage) 
down to Fort Lafayette. The present cMl 
war was brought about by tho teachings of tho 
Boston atheists. Tho "stream" that Lincolii 
talks so flippantly about " crossing" without 
" swapping horses" was a stream of blood, ana 
we are going to "swap" the lean, lantern : 
jawed stallion named Lincoln, for a compact, 
noble horse we call Little Mac. When he shall 
have been elected " E 1'luribus Unum" would 



again moan something when inscribed on tha 
American flag. 
The audience at stand No. 1 then adjourned- 

— , m 

SS r JTAl\I> IVo. «. 



D. C. Birdsall opened the meeting and spoke 
nearly as follows : 

RKMABKS OF D. C. BHIDBALL. 

Dkmocbath of New Youk: I am happy to 
greet -so manv upon tnls great occasion: I am 
liappy to see that bo many have] assembled to 
snow their appreciation of the great cause! ot 
civil liberty which we are this night to dis- 
cuss. 

Philip W. Engs was then elected chairman of 
the nieettn. After some eloquent and appropri- 
ate remarks, ho announced the Honorable Mr. 
Lawrence. 

Bl'KECU OF THE EON. W. B. LAWRENCE. 
FwLI.OW-ClTlZENri AND DKMOCllATS OP THE 

Cheat State of New Yokk : 1 am proud to see 
that so many Democrats have assembled to 
honor by their presence at this meeting the 
nomination of George B. McClellan as candidate 
for President ol the United States. Those of 
you, gentlemen, who know George B. MeCleUan, 
know that he did more for this country from 
the time of his brief campaign in Western Vir- 
ginia to the period when he was basely 
removed from the command of the army of 
the Potomac than any hero of antiquity 
— than any hero of modern times has 
ever done for his country. The report of 
George B. McClellan has dissipated the last 
remnant of a doubt as to his ability displayed 
in that memorable campaign. Gentlemen, as a 
member ot the Chicago Convention, which 
Convention nominated hiin, I have been aaked 
why he was selected of all others to represent 
the pi inciples ot the Democratic party in this 
coming contest. Gentlemen, I am ready to an- 
swer that question. I am here to answer it to- 
night before the Democracy of the City of New 
York. When we assembled In convention, 
we felt that the liberties of our country 
were in danger through the usurpation of the 
Executive power; and the history of mankind 
for ages demonstrates that the great struggle 
of humanity for freedom has been principally a 
struggle against Executive usurpation. flu ! 
manity in this cause has foimht and bled; and 
in this cause the millions trampled under the 
feet ol European despotism battled against the 
solid mason work of the feudal system. Gentle- 
men, Abraham Lincoln has violated the Consti- 
Union of the United States. He has been guilty 
of that grossest crime against the sovereignty 
of a free people— Executive usurpation. In the 
decision of a celebrated case involving this- 
very question, the eminent Judge Mar- 
shall says: £if the Constitution can be set 
aside, then there is no use of a Constitution. 
[Loud applause.] Again, gentlemen, Mr. Lin- 
coln has violated article four of the Constitu- 
tion which declares that, "the trial of all 
crimes, except in rases of impeachment, shall 
he by jury, and such trial shall he held in the 
State where said crime was committed." Gen- 
tlemen, 1 felt, when Mr. Lincoln issued his doc- 
ument " to whom it may concern," he again 
did violence to the same article of our glorious 
Constitution— that Constitution which is the; 
sole palladium of American liberty. " No slsva 
or other person held to service In any Suite or 
Territory escaping into auother, shall, in 
consequence ot any law or regulation, 
therein be discharged from such ser- 
vice or labor, but shall be delivered up on 
claim ol the party to whom such service or la- 
babor may he due." All the puipose of our 
platform, gontlemeu, is that we have peace — 
not peace without the Uniou, but peace with 
the Uniou and Constitution in its integrity. 
Gentlemen, I might express this poetically : 

"If tiie vanquished warrior botfr 

Spare him by our holy vow." 
But we prefer to spare tor the sake of our 
brothers and sons — spare for the sake of our 
Union and our glorious Constitution. 

Sl'KEffH OF 'I HE HON. WILLIAM D. MURl'HT. 

The Hon. Win. D. Murphy of Albany was the 
next speaker. He was received with cheers 
and spoke as follows: This is among the hap- 
piest hours, fellow-citizens, ot my whole life. 
All hail to the gallant ciiiel whose nomination 
we this day ratify— not. as the achievement of a 
partv, but is a glorious triumph of the people 
themselves. [Applause.] It has, indeed, been 
difficult for me to determine, siuce the begin- 
ning of the unfortunate civil conflict in which 
we are engaged, whether we hadmoieto fear 
from (lie real enemies ol the country titan from 
the apathy and iuuill'erence of the people 
themselves to the real condition of pub- 
lic affairs. But— thanks to the unconquer- 
able spirit of true American liberty— 
the result of the Chicago Convention affords 
the most unequivocal proof that the people 
have, at length, resolved no longer quietly to 

anhmfl tn Hio (•nnHmiimefi ■ it lln> hl.i.vlv ;inrl 



disgraceful policy which is last destroying the 
unity and integrity of the nation and all the 
manifold blessing secured to us by a republi- 
can form of government. [Loud applause.] 
The result of the Chicago Convention I tell 
you frankly, was a triumph of the peop e over 
the politicians. [Applause and "fiats so."] 
It was a triumph of patriotism over individual 
selfishness and political corruption— a triumph 
ot popular sovereignty over party centraliza- 
tion ["Bully for Murphy." Applause and 
iau-'hter 1 it has from the beginning always 
been the chief object ot the politicians to deic-at 
the nomination 'ot McClellan, if they could 
The evidences betrayed by political 
movements throughout the country tor 
a ion" time have fully established 
this fact* beyond all controversy. Two years 
I when I did myself the honor to nomi- 
nate him for the Presidency at a large and 
enthusiastic meeting at Albany, called to rejoice 
over the election of Gov. Seymour, 1 was 
severely reprimanded by leading politicians, 
although the meeting indorsed thy nomination 
unanimously. [Applause.] Still label in the 
earlv part ol March last, when I circulated a 
call 'in that city, which was unanimously signed 
bv his uiencis, for a meeting to effect an orga- 
nization with a view to Ilia nomination, the 
project wax crushed out by the interposition of 
leading local politicians. The same is true, ol 
Die meeting which -was also to nave taken 
nlace. at tile capital only a few days alter the 
•Teat popular demonstration in support of 
our candidate, which we witnessed in 
this square on the 10th of last month, and which. 
I had tin' distinguished pleasure briefly to ad- 
dress Neither was that demonstration— the 
mightiest and most overwhelming uprising of. 
the people ever witnessed on tins contoent- 
the work of politicians. [Applause.] No, my 
iriendF, the people, fho real sovereigns ol the, 
republic, the intelligence, industry, wealth, and 
real power and strength of the nation, were 
here then as they are now; not to subserve the 
end;' of politicians or mere party interests, noBto 
institute a policy in the administration ot the- 
Government which will discriminate in favor ot 
one seel ion ol' the country to the detriment ot an- 
other- arraying the North against the South, oi 
the East against the West, iu a sectional eon- 
Met which cannot but terminate mthe destruc- 
tion' of the Gov einmeut; but they are hero now, 
■is thev were then, to restore to tne country, bj 
tiie election of McClellan to the Presidency, all 
the constitutional rights and privileges ol every 
Kectioi) and re-establish Federal supremacy- 
once more throughout, the length and breadth: 
of the whole land. [Cheers.] These are the: 
great and glorious objects to bcyUtained b y our 

union ana tfj&T,;.-7rT-- <jy?»"-r '^C^r^^i.XTw 
McClellan as Presiael/y'cnat will bring us the I 
blessings of peace. [Cheers.] The honorable j 
•Secretary of State says that we should allow i 
.Abraham Lincoln to retain power ior four more 
jears. We propose to say to our brethren oi 
the South, we intend to eject Abraham Lincoln : 
from the Presidency, in order that you may 
once again have security ior your rignts and , 
liberties. We intend to elect our candidate 
despite secessionists and abolitionists. [Cheers.] j 

THE HON. AXDKEW J. KOGERS, 

M. «., oi New Jersey, (representing the Con- 
gressional District in which General McClellan 
jeakles), although having already spoken at the 
Kaki stand, by the special request of the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements, was next introduced, 
and made an eloquent appeal in behalf ot the 
Chicago nominee. 

BJBMASKK OF MR. CAMPBELL OF FHU.ADELFHIA. 

The Chairman then introduced Mr. John 
Campbell, Corresponding Secretary of the Key- 
stone Club of Philadelphia. Mr. C. said: 

Fellow Democrats: I want to have a little 
plain talk, and reason this thing with you. Sup- 
pose Abe Lincoln says he lias the purse and 
the sword— he's the man with the long feet and 
the little head— I don't want to say anything 
derogatory of Mr. Lincoln, but I mean to say 
he has all the attributes of the ape. He has the 
long arm that reaches below the knee; the big 
itoot— the foot of the nigger [laughter]— and 
the email head; that is,' God did not want to 
jri<ve him any brains, and so made his head 
HBaalL, and the Devil put it into the hearts of the 
Bepuolicans to make him President. [Applause.] 
I want to be reported correctly, as 1 know the 
reverters have a kind of Freemasonry among 
themselves, as Dan. O'Connell used to say. One 
time he was about to make a speech in the 
County of Kerry, and he knew that there were 
spies around ; and the reporter of The London 
UTtmeswas there, and Dan,, turning to the re- 
porter, said, "You'll give me a correct report V 
*'Yos, sir." "You'll be sure to report my 
speech right ?" " Yes, sir, I'll give you a good 
report. So Dan ordered every opportunity to 
be afforded The Times' man to give a good re- 
port. But it happened he was in the County of 
Kerry, and he launched out and made a speech 
©f two hours length, in good Irish, and the 



word of the speech. [Laughter and applause]. 
How I want to ask the workingman— and I seo 
many that look like workingmen here— what 
were your wages tour years ago i One dollar a 
«lay. What do you get now '! Do yon get tour 
dollars '! [Cries of No, sir !] Coffee then was 
fourteen cents, butter twenty-four, coal live 
dollars a tun, Hour seven and a hall a barrel. 
And when you examine the same thing alter 
Jour years ot war with Lincoln's greenbacks 
Hying around, and Seward prophsying that the 
rebellion Is nearly crushed— but hi', never told 
anything but lies— he was always a Jatse prophet 
— aprophetof Baal— [Laughter.] and with things 
as they now are, I ask you has Mr. Lincoln's 
rule worked profitably, or not? [Cries of No, no !] 
If yon are cheated in the coming election ; 1 
say, if you are cheated— because if you are fairly 
'beaten, you must submit— but if the Democrats 
be cheated by Lincoln's greenbacks and the 
bayonet, theii I expect George B. McGlellan 
will head the Democracy and drive the Aboli- 
tionists out of power at all hazards, [f.oud and 
continued cheers.] And if George >>. McCJellaa 
don't do that, we ought to hang him like a dog. 
[Applause.] In New York you are powerful, 
you can carry anything you wish, hut 1 have to 
go back to Philadelphia, an Abolition toWu, and 
light a Democratic tight, and 1 will ask my sons 
of eighteen.and fourteen to take the rifle and 
use it if we do not get fair play. [Ap- 
plause.] When a man is put up lor 
.any office, his opponents generally find 
fault with him for something he has done that 
is not right, but with McClellan they find fault 
ior what he has not done. He didn't kill a 
hundred thousand men before Petersburg, and 
so they don't want him. Abe Ok Co. didn't want 
the rebellion put down, -or they would have put 
McClellan in command, and have put a stop to 
this war long ago. The speaker then told of 
the conduct of the Administration toward Col. 
McCandless of the Pennsylvania lleserves, v. ho 
was thrice recommended for the appointment of 
Brigadier General, but who, because he was a 
Democrat would not be appointed. He said 
when Col. McCandless came back to Philadel- 
phia and was elected President ot the Keystone 
Club, then the President sent him the Appoint- 
ment as Brigadier, but he took it and burned it 
in the fire. OOl. SlaOamtlpss hart iVm«*lvt under 
McClellan in the Held, and he wAi now going to 
fight for him and help place him Commanaer- 
in-Chlef oC the whole army. [Loud applause.] 
At the conclusion ui" Mr. Campbell's speech, the 
Chairman proposed three cheers lor Mr. Camp- 
bell, which were enthusiastically given. 

Mlt. SCHKMMEF.HOllN 

was introduced and spoke substantially as lol- 
lows: The course of revolutions is never back- 
-ward; and I see by your presence here to-night 
t/iat you are determined to put George B. Mc- 
Clellan at the head of our national affairs. 
When we had won the independence of me 
States those States were sovereign. They de- 
termined for mutual benefit to form a Union; 
and that Union Tias founded upon the great 
jirinciple, which underlies the fabric oi our 
Government— the sovereignly of the States. 
Slavery*existed in those States before the Con- 
stitution was framed; and if iu' slavery there is 
anything wrong it is the bring in;); of slaves 
from their native lands. The Constitution had 
left it to the several States to determine the 
continuance or discontinuance of this system 
for themselves— all signing jointly aud sever- 
ally a bond that it any slave escaped iroin 
any one State into another lie should bo 
remanded to service. That was the bond. 
But those Puritans, the very men who 
bad made their money by slavery, refused 
to fulfill the obligation ot the bond widen they 
had signed and solemnly .-.worn to support. 
This, gentlemen, was the cause of I hi.- devastat- 
ing war. This, gentlemen, was x lie cause of 
MeeessiOH. When Southern owners came ro de- 
mand tho return of their slaves which 
had escaped, the puritans said, gentlemen 
Tve doubt the obiigatian of the bond. 
Gentlemen, should sovereign Stales submit 
to this? Should sovereign States submit to 
have their rights trampled upon— rights which 
they held as sovereign States under the Con- 
stitution framed by our fathers ? '( hey sulci no, 
never; and this gentlemen, has brought upon 
us the effusion of fraternal blood un.t the hor- 
rors ol civil discord. • 

Tins stand, as well as others, was i.Juiirably 
constructed and decorated in excellent taste, 



Republicans— said tliere was too much peace in 
it otlieiB iound iault that it contained too 
much peace. [Cheers.] Opinions of opponents 
were interesting. In finding fault with their 
resolution complaining that the Administration, 
bad neglected the prisoners lying in the Sontn- 
eru military prisons, tliey complained that ttioy 
had found no lault with the rebels as well as the 
VdministraUou. Mr. Parker said they had 
found no fault with the rebels, because it would 
not have done any good. [Laughter and 
cheers.] The rebels were not to be put down 
by resolutions. They had complained oi the 
Administration because it had the power to 
help these suffering prisoners, but did 
not do it. Mr. Parker then compared 
the two platforms— those adopted at Baltimore 
and Chicago. The Republicans differed With 
them (the Democrats) entirely, f' That's so,' 
and cheers.] Tne Republicans wanted to re- 
elect their President and to continue the war; 
we want the war ended, not, however, by dis- 
union. No. We hold that when the rebel States 
come back they shall have their rights—rights 
which the Constitution granted them. Mr. Lin- 
coln's proclamation "To whom it may concern" 
—for propositions had been made for the restor- 
ation of Deace and the integrity of the Union- 
informed them that only such iwhich admitted 
the abandonment of slavery would be consid- 
ered. That is, when his Majesty will consider 
them. [Laughter, and groans lor old Abe], in 
saying this, he (Mr. Lincoln) made a proposi- 
tion that would forever stand in the way of 
restoration of the Union. The Bouth were un- 
able to abandon slavery. Mr. Ijncoln made 
i slavery stana between the war and the Union, 
so that the war prosecuted on his platform will 
continue until every man and dollar in the 
South had been sacriliced in. its toenail. We 
stand on the opposite platform. We desire 
peace and the restoration oi the Union, and are 
ready at any time to extend the right hnndot 
love i to our brothers of the South. [Much 
cheerin"-.] Whenever ihey return, to the Union ■ 
v/c have nothing to do with slavery, lor that is 
entirely a StateWtter. [Cheers.] We should 
only guarantee to each State all us 
rights under the Constitution. Upon no other 
Laws, the speaker felt assured, could peace ever 
be obtained. That was the issue. Why. did not 
o5id r auon ucsnt; peace? Why "TinT 



they ask to carry on the war four years longer ? 
Because they enjoyed power such as no Europ- 
ean monarch enjoyed, and because they were 
unwilling to surrender that power; because 
legions of officials and contractors would be 
compelled by its cessation to earn an honest 
living— these were the reasons v. hy they de- 
Sired to continue thojwar. Where would they be 
in four years hence if the Administration con- 
tinuodin.power 1 ["Aye, that's Oie cpiestlon 
— where.?"] Where ore we now, aficr 
tour years ol war? The public debt was 
tour thousand millions according to Mr. 
Tluuiow Weed, who was valuable a.; au 
authority, although he tvas Ot tiiu opposite 
parly, a debt as large as that of Ureat Britain 
[A sturdy Briton, "Hi, hand larger"]; and ac- 
cumulated in four years, while hers had been 
accumulating 150 years. Great Britain, will) all 
her wealth, was unable to pay that debt, but 
managed to pay an interest of o per cent, for it, 
smaller by several cents than ours. The whole 
property of this country was seventeen hund- 
red millions ; that of Great Britain live thou- 
sand millions, and yet. with almost four limes 
our ineans she is uiuble to pay the debt— how 
can we pay it. This vast debt weighed down 
upon us like an. incubus. H is a mortgage, as 
it were, upon the country at large. Let mi 
divide it among the States. New York's share 
would be 732,000,000. 1 lie Interior counties were 
now raising upon credit immense sums to 
avoid the "(trait, accumulating debts of mil- 
lions, which will eventually become a 
State debt. What will be the results of such a 
course ? Look at Knglaud, otic-eighth ol her 
population are In the i>"or house. If it presses 
litis heavily upon England, where almost every- 
thing is taxed, what Will bs its effect lid* ? 
Should'tlie war end at once, our debt would be 
a hundred millions a year— if it continues, the 
share of each State Will probably be $:i,0l)0.0fjfl r 
000, while that of New York is now uerlainlj 
$SO,IJUQ,Cu0. now are we to get aUng with 
such debt upon our shoulder.? ' These debts 
become nn incumbrance upon labor, It 5s a Lax 
upon the industry of the laud, and w.hen labor 
is oppressed there can bo no prosperity. Labor 
makes a country. Whan you tux labor, when 
you bring prices to enormous rates, you destroy 

a.1. mco all hov>os fiirtha fntorrP Strange 3* 11 is, 

wilh those ^incontrovertible facts beiore them, 
the Administration still asks to continue the 
war at nu expense of three or four millions a 
day. Look at it from another point— la a 
humanitarian view, How awful tne suei-iiice 
of life. One million ot men have already beeu 
killed— one million of men, upon whom Uiu 
country depends lor its prosperity, lost !, ThiuJ; 
of it. And yet there were calls every day nu- 
more men -now lor three hundred thousand, 



now lor hall a million. The edict still goes 
forth from Washington for more. When will 
this cease if the Administration continue in 
power.' ["Never, never;" "That's so."] But 
the-vrar is nearly ended. [Laughter.] Secre- 
tary .Seward comes home to Auburn, gatners 
around him his neighbors, and tells them, 
among other things, that the war is nearly over. 
[Revewed laughter.] What faith can we have 
in his predictions * A low years ago he said the 
war would only be a thirty days or sixty days 
i'lfaJr. bul cow that Atlanta has fallen, he says 
the war is nearly over. [Laughter again.] The _ 
I'prakrr thought the backbone of this rebellion 
very hard to break. Hud Gen. McClolUn 
[Great cheering, which continued for several 
minutes] remained in his old position the war 
tor the restoration of the Union constitutionally 
would have been ended long ago. [Cheers.] 
It is because the war has been conducted on a 
wrong policy that it is uot ended. If this policy, 
shivery net 'Union, is continued, It will not be 
ended for years. [That's so.] At Chicago he 
had a very interesting conversation with 
an eminent Tonuessoean, who told Mm thai, 
thou-'h there was not now a Union man in that 
Sale, it ''little Mac" should return to com- . 
maud, or be elected President, as they hoped 
he would he, nine-tenths of the people would i 
come en tnasne into the Union. [Cheers.] No 
want a Union based upon the Constitution, int. \ 
the one Mr. Lincoln proposes, mr that is when i 
a military despotism can ub^iaai slavery. , 
[Cheers.] One-tenth of the poujptT who are , 
not f'ovemod can vote, as in tne case ot North 
Carolina and Louisiana, etc. i t is a military des- ! 
pot ism ihat even Che ltaJical W';uie ol ()1ijo and i 
Davis of Maryland denounced publicly, it they 
elevated to the Presidential chair that great, 
good and wise wau. George B. MeUlell.m, 
[Great cheers,] they would see lhat State 
coming back into the Union. There were Me 
Oiellan Union men in every State in the conn- 
try. [Cheers.] In tno campaign they would 
have to encounter all kinds of misrepresenta- 
tions. The main question, however, was Union 
or disunion. One would be the national result 
of the election of General McCleUan [cheers], 
and for which they depended much upon the 
vote of New York, which was always cast upon 
the side of the Convention— that one was the 
Union, its restoration and maintenance. [Im- 
mense cheering.] The energy ot every man 
was required to wrest the Government from the 
hands it is now in. In conclusion, Mr. Parker 
exhorted them to make the voice ot New York 
heard throughout the land in the election in j 
November next— let it he potential in electing 
McClellan and those with him, in whom we all 
have confidence. Mr. Parker resumed his 6eat 
amid the greatest applause, which lasted some 
minutes. 

JtEMAltKS OF UK. DELMA1U 

Mr. Delinar said rumors had been widely cir- 
culated to the effect that General McClellan 
had declined the nomination. He took pleasure 
in totally denying them. Those rumors had 
been circulated by agents of the government. 
[Voices in crowd, "we don't believe them."] 



They had been circulated to affect the stock 
market. Gold fell during the day in conse- 
quence, the government bearing the stock 
market through the liauk of Commerce', to 236. 
The fall had beeu attributed to these 
rumors. He was in a position to totally 
repudiate those rumors. The speaker re- 
viewed the career of General McClellan from 
early life upward. McClellan had not only 
proved himself a capable officer, but a states- 
man and a patriot. [Cheers.] , This would be a 
sharp and vigorous campaign, and it should be 
carried on by the Democracy with every legiti- 
mate weapon at their disposal; but he (the 
speaker) hoped that personal abuse of their op- 
ponents would not be resorted to. It would be 
safe to leave Mr. Lincoln to the verdict of pos- 
terity. Mr. Delmar's remarks were very favor- 
ably received. He was followed by the Hon. 
' Mr. Smith of Vermont: 

KEMAKKS OF THE HON. MR. HJUTH. 

He was glad of the opportunity to meet the I 
Democracy of New York. AU his life he had 
Uved in a community where the proportions of J 
political parties were about the same as thej j 
were in New York— only with this difference-! J 
here they had three Democrats to one Repub-j/ 
lican; up his way it was three Abolitionists 
to one Democrat. He hoped they would! i 
not be disheartened at the icsult of thd L "' 
election just held in Vermont. Endeavors c 
had been made by Republican papers to mis- \p 
represent that result. lie would give them tne g 
facis. In lscu they polled about 1,000 votes; in r 
isii;s less than 12,000; on Tuesday last about i 
15,000. [Cheers ] The speaker contrasted the l 
acts of tne Administration with the known 
principles of the Democratic party. Especially 
he referred to the currency question, which I 
was of the closest interest to every one. The 
Secretary ot the Treasury had that day 
been selling bonds of the United States 
I for :;. r > or -to cents on the dollar. Why, 



the bonds of the Confederate States were wortn 
75 cents on the dollar in Europe. The way m 
winch supporters of the Administration talked 
about the currency reminded him of the story 
of the man who said the world rested on the 
back of a big elephant. When asked what the 
elephant, stood upon he said the backs of tour 
'Teat turtles; but as for the turtles he eouldiit 
tell what the devil they rested upon. [Laugh- 
ter and cheers.] If the present Administration 
was continued in power it -was a question lor 
serious consideration what the end would be. 
He exhorted them 10 spare no effort to elect 
George 1$. McClellan and George H. Pendleton. 
[Great cheering.] 

The Chairman hereupon said he would intro- 
duce to the.people one of General McClellau's 
old comrades, General Morgan of Ohio. This 
annouucomeiit was received with cheers, and, 
on General Morgan advancing, he was wel- 
comed with the most vociterous demonstra- 
tions ol enthusiastic greeting. 

srEECU OF OKXKUAli ItOlUi.vN of ouio. 

My friends, I thank you for those cheers. 
They come from the hearts of idlol you at ihe 
mention ot the name ol oneol the most glorious 
patriots who ever graced the land— George B. 
McClellan. [Renewed and prolonged cheer- 
in"- ] Before Speaking ol General McClellan 
let me say u word ab>ftfo^jChicajo platform. 
T~audress you not, ato.uo ua jjotuooiaus; - ! itopeai 
to you as Americans; as citizens of this great 
republic; whoso interests are bound up in 
the well being of the country, which it it 
goes down we must all -down with it together. 
Concerning one part of that platform I 
desire to speak. We are now in the fourth 
year of this great, this terrible war. More than 
two millions oi'the young men of the laud hare 
rushed with to light, 10 die tor the great cause. 
Of the Union. On the .Held of battle, or by dis- 
ease, near one million have beeu sacrificed. It 
is a melancholy fact, but it is a fact, that w e are 
no nearer a ro-estahiishinent of the Union than 
we were the day the war started. The reason 
of this has nol been with the armies— cot be- 
cause battles have not been gallantly fought. 
it is that Mr. Lincoln has departed from the 
course pursued by Washington, in depending 
upon brute force alone: in believing that Amer- i 
leans could be trampled on like dogs ; thai they I 
could be subjugaied likealaves ; that Americans 
were dcsliiiulo of manly spirit and ot reason. 
He has depended upon) brutegiorce— upon phys- 
ical agencies alone, rejecting moral agencies. 
Don't misunderstand me. 1 never believed that 
arms should not have beeu resorted to. The 
South threw down the gauntlet, and I, 
for one. was ready to take it up. 
But 1 ' would have romeninered that 
they were my fellow countrymen, my brothers, 
and, while i would have grasped the sword in 
one hand. 1 would have carried the olive 
branch in the other, [tremendous cheering.] 
J it all our Witrs witn other countries— with 
Great Diitain, lor instance— we sought peace as 
the end of war. Unities had been fought in 
the Revolutionary war alter peace had been se- 
cured Why? Because our=Government, not 
refusing to seek peace, had .-.ent commissioners 
three thousand miles across ihe ocean to ob- 
tain P. Before the news of its raiiut-aiion 
could reach this country, the contending ar- 
mies, ignorant of the fact, had met in conflict. 
So, in 1*12, when we were lighting the most ar- 
rcMTt, vindictive nation with whom we ever 
had lo contend- Kngland [groans]— while hos- 
tilities were going on we again sent commis- 
sioners to Lurone Vo obtain peace. There 
again the treaty had been signed before we had 
lought im>. hutrio of JScw Orleans. Later, 
when we were at war with Mexico, Gen. tioott 
.[.three cUe.rs k.r Gen. riooit], that greur.iud 
gallant chieftain of who.ro all Americans 
are so justly proud -what did be dr. .' A Dem- 
ocratic Administration was in power then. 
Side by side with that great warrior and states- 
man marched me man of peace. Accompany- 
ing him .through his campaign was Mr. 'Prist, 
as'Peacc ConimiPSionur, waving aloft the olive 
branch high above the storm ot baule. How 
was it in the case of the Mormons—those men 
alter Mr. Lincoln's own heart? [Laughter.] 
When they were threatening rebellion i lie gov- 
ernment sent an army to sustain the laws; but 
with that anuywont ihree Peace Commisloners, 
and through their efforts peace was preserved, 
and the integrity of the Union preserved, with- 
out the loss of a life- -without the shedding ol 
one drop of blood. Mr. Lincoln has turned ui^ 
back upon the history of the country— upon the 
principles and practice of Washington. Wash- 
iii'ion was our first George— the first savior oi 
his country '• [Cheers.] We nre about to place 
in lite Presidential chair our second George. 
who will once more rescue the coiiutrj 
from the brink <>) ruin, [immense cheer- 
lug.] The mistake of Lincoln has not only ■ 
I eeu the not sending ol Peace Commissioner,' 
with the army; ho has refused U> receive over- 
tures oi peace at all. 1 will come back, airei 



those preliminary remark's, to (he Chicago Con 
vcution. Mr. Greeley says that the plufloru 
calls lor uu immediate cessation of hostilities 
He must have known lie was in error. Th< 
second resolution of the platform declares tha 
•• immediate steps should be taken to procure i 
cessation of hostilities." Before that cessatios 
coftidbe brought about negotiations raustbi 
entered on. If there be any Republican wilhii 
the sound of my voice, audi trust there ar 
many oftlii.ru, J would ask them, if they desir. 
tie veil being of their country, whether the. 
wouldiiot wish to see the war brought to 
close, a-ud f he inAitutions ol rlic country pre 
served. Wc want peace. (Jen. Morgan eamestl. 
iippt-iiled to men of all parties to forget the! 
purtizan prejudices and rally under the flag- r 
the country with George B. McClellan. 1 
MeGellan was elected we should bare no mor 
war — no dealt— -no more sb*iu and w.ounde 
soldiers— no more bereaved widows and tathoi 
less children, victims of a, tvatilQldJu stoUH 
q fhere waa one other clause of the platform. In 
wanother resolution it is declaredthatth&trounda- 
"tion stone of our institutions— the bahoi box— 
j* should remain free and unpolluted. [Cheers.] 
uin Kentucky, in Louisiana, iu Maryland, in 
•1 .Delaware and other States, attempts had been 
j^niade to control the ballot box by the bayonet. 
Tr'At Chicago the delegates simply resolved that 
L"fhe ballot box should remain free. [Cheers.] 
J 1 What then ? Any attempt at interference with 
; , its freedom and purity will be regarded as revo- 
<j lutionary, and as such we will resist it, [Tre- 
/ mendous cheering.] Who or them— Republican 
I or Democrat— docs net know that from the 
first of Lincoln's Administration to the present 
hour he had assumed the powers of a mili- 
tary despot? The fact was historical. Even 
leading Republicans admitted it. The speaker 
went, on to review the entire career of McClei- 
lan as soldier and statesman aud pronounced 
the most glowimr. eulogy upon his character 
and capacity. He then said : A few words of 
the other George— George H. Pendleton ! [Loud 
I and long continued cheering.] Why, to read the 
I itepublicanpapers,you would suppose him a devil 
incarnate— the most fearful enemy of Ids coun- 
try and its institutions. He is a citizen of the 
same State with myself. I know that a higher 
minded gentleman and a purer patriot does not 
: live within the limits of this wide common- 
wealth. [Tremendous cheering.] 

KilMAKKS OF MR. WEDGEWOOD. 

Mr. Wedgewood waa next introduced and 
made a few remarks. He would only say a lew 
words and would not detain them long. He 
was present at the Chicago Convention, and 
was proud ot the good order and harmony that 
prevailed there. He wished his hearers could 
all have been present on thai occasion and par- 
ticipated in the rounds of applause that went up 
for George 15. McClellan, the next President of 
the United States. [Cheers.] The platform 
was all that could be desired by any one de- 
siring the welfare ot his country. 

Mr. Wedgewood then called for three cheers 
for Gov. Seymour, the able Chairmau of the 
Chicago Convention, which were given with a 
will. This terminated the proceedings at 
Stand No. 3, the Chairman putting out the 
lights at the conclusion of Mi 1 . Weclgcwooi's 
remarks. 

It was now about half past ten o'clock, but 
the audience still lingered around the stand, 
apparently reluctant to go away. 



feiT^iN'.O JNo. ~l-. 



This stand was ornamented similarly to the 
others, with Chinese lanterns bearing inscrip- 
tions, '-the Union and the Constitution," "Geo. 
B. McClellan," etc. American flags were also 
mounted on the various corners of the platform. 
I Long before 8 o'clock a large multitude assein- 
J bled before the stand, and as they patientlv 
J awaited the commencement of the meeting 
i they discussed the great question ol the day 
1 among themselves. The merits of Lincoln aud 
. McClellan were earnestly canvassed, and In all 
tnhat assemblage, composed of persons of difl'er- 
£ent ranks in wealth, education and profession, 
i there was but one opinion prevalent— that the 
r well-being 01 the country and the re-establish- 
Jnient of the Union could only be achieved by 
'the election to the Presidency of the United 
Instates ol that great vindicator of treedom of 
^opinion, speech aud presa,Major General George 
E B. McClellan. 

o The meeting was called to order by A. J. 
Matthewson, who nominated Col. George W. 
^.McLean us Chairman. The gentleman, on tak- 
ing the chair, thanked the assemblage for the 
<honor which they had conferred upon him in 
^choosing luin Chairman of 'their meeting, and 
lithen introduced 

!b A,, OAKLEY HAIL, ESO.., 

,-A'ho spoke substantially as follows: 
,} Fei.i,ow-i'ITXzi:ns: Mr. Cuyler of Philadel- 
phia, one of the most distinguished supporters 



<?'jl General McClellan, is on ine piauorm, anu 
>as expected to address you this evening, but 
'<ln eonsec|iience of exposure, he is not able to 
ibe heard in that manner iu which he would de- 
sire to be beard, f make 'this apology tor him, 
as I think it is hut right. Three years aud a 
hah ago this large square was lighted up by the 
broad rays ot sunlight,aint uot by transparences 
as at present. Perhaps nearly all that are 
here to-night were then assembled, on a call 
made by the President of the United States, to 
resent the affront which had been cast upon the 
country, by the firing upon Port Sumter, and 
similar acts in Carolina. Gentlemen of the 

Democratic school spoke at that time eloquently 
and fervently, and Chore was then performed 
the most wonderful act of unanimity by that 
party that was ever done. Every one there laid 
aside his animosities, and all stood shoulder 
to shoulder to conduct a war for the Constitu- 
tion and the Union. A Summer passed, and 
then a Winter, followed by another Sum- 
mer, when, at last, Abraham Lincoln [re- 
neated groans] by >one stroke ot the pen 
threw in the lace of the people the 
emancipation proclamation. Since that 
time Lincoln has gone on enforcing the Consti- 
tution .as he interpreted it, and making new 
laws, which were so dubious ami ambiguous 
that >:hey were brought before the courts of 
justice. He inaugurated a policy 01 fighting 
' against you vwth proclamations, aud because 
you would nut follow him in this crusade, you 
were all called traitors like those in the South. 
Three and a half years have passed, and I have 
seen aCRS of patriots as 1 do now, while I must 
confess, I behold also many more aehers in the 
hearts of the multitude at present than at that 
time. b W« know that Jafter [three raid a naif years 
of war, after slaughtering hundreds of thou- 
sands of human beings, and while we may be 
nearer the occupation ot the Southern terri- 
tory, we.are not a jot nearer the healing of the 
Union than we were in the month of April, 
1361. A few days ago, 1 had the honor of ad- 
dressing some of yon in the City .Hall Parle, 
where the people gathered together to compare 
the merits of the various nominees, and I then 
drew a parallel between ihe tuo ships of the 
Union, of which vou composed the crew. It is 
hardly necessary for me, nor would time per- 
mit me. .to continue that parallel. 1 al- 
ways desire to speak respectfully of the 
President .of the United States, 'out when 
the office-holder becomes a candidate for 
re-election it was a new thing for me u> 
learn fbul ,one could not discuss his merits. 1 
will not lbllow the fashion of his party, and call 
him Abe or even Old Abe [laughter], but I will 
refer to him as Captain Lincoln, asking to be 
commander of the ship of State'. [[Can't get 
ir.] .Speaking as a lawyer, he would say that 
Lincoln had'JiTed a complaint against George 1-1. 
McClellan. The latter gentleman had joined 
issue. At iJlucagu it tv>«l hivm. ihiidiled 
that a triuJ lake place, and I .appear to- 
you jurymen! to see Graf no disagreement 
take place so that no new trial be 
"ranted. The speaker remembered 11 farce 
which he had wen some time ago, where an 
old man in the play was told as Lincoln mogul 
be told, that he had but ha hour to hve in 
which to confess his sins. ,| Laughter.] the 
old man answered that the time allowed anu 
was not sufficient to seek repentance, to ue 
might detain his neighbors for hours, days, aud 
even weeks, if he were to attempt to emtmer- 
aie the political sins ol Abe Lincoln. [Geoans 
and laughter-] Many were the charges to be 
brought against Capiain Lincoln. Kust, he has 
lost his book of reckoning, then his; bow-anchtir, 
the Constitution he has allowed to go over- 
board— the crow is a bad one— he has upset a 
black bottle over his chart [uproarious laugh- 
ter], and he has lost his rudder hold of the ship 
of state. Now what does McClellan offer? His 
fehlo has been newly fitted, copper bottomed, 
copper nailed, and, if you desire it, copper- 
beaded. [Laughter.] Standing on his deck he 
speaks words of cheer, and Kays: '-Island, as 
1 always will and as I have ever stood, lor the 
Union, the Constitution, and the laws." 
[Cheers.] He stands therewith a crew who 
have faith in him, with new rigging and new 
anchor. He does not go to his fir.it mate, 
asking him to write him a proclama- 
tion: lo his second, to make a speech; 
for him, to his third, to draft a law. We like 
McClellan because he always stood firm by his 
chart, his reckoning, and ho who can navigate 
a personal ship can also sail a political one. 
There is'one great and important, reason why I 
support MeOlellau, that is, he has been able to 
o-oYeni himself. Through all the abuse and 
wrong which have been heaped upon him he 
never showed any signs of anger. Calmness is 
one of the attributes of statesmanship, and 
therefore, when we road that Lincoln recently 
11 a stump address before some suluicrs, had 
lost his temper, we cannot but feel that such 
a man is not fit lo govern others. 
When a man loses his temper he generally ifl 



getting the worst of tlie argument, so .Lincoln 

is «etting enraged because lie sees the slur of 

j McClellan is in the ascendant and that the star 

of Lie coin Je about to buret in aerolites over 
his head. An argument has been broueht 
against McClellan for having arrested the. Mary- 
land Legislature. This could be answered by 
saying that the Republicans have been in the 
habit of making arbitrary arresss iu places 
wnere mere is no war raging, while McClellan 
made arrests in localities where battles were 
"■oicg on, and where it was posi- 
tively necessary to prevent a greater 
evil and, beside, the order for the 
arrests alluded to had been drafted by one of 
the cabinet secretaries, so in one sense it came 
from the Administration. The issues of this 
campaign are to so shape themselves that the 
Question oi war and Slav cry will be practically 
dead. The war will be settled by the 4th ol 
March, this is certain, because even our oppon- 
ent, Mr. Lincoln, says so. There will then re- 
main for the next President to reestablish the 
Constitution, the guaranties of free speech, tree 
press, treedom of the ballot box, and the pre- 
servation of personal rights. Whom will you 
have to settle this. [Cries of McClellan.] If so 
you desire it, see that you eiiect it. 
[At this juncture an incident occurred which 
was fatal in its results and tended tor the mo- 
ment lo cause great confusion. One of the cal- 
cium lights stationed near the speakers stand 
hurst with immense report and for an instant 
scattered the assemblage in dismay, tfie im- 
pression being that a cannon had exploded. 
Soon, however, as the true slate of things be- 
came known, the audience became reassured 
and the speaker continued. As it is, we under- 
stand that some four or live individuals near by 
were badly wounded. Mr. Hall continued 
further in his remarks aud concluded with pro- 
posing three cheers for McClellan, which were 
given with a will. 

COL. J. MA2MMELD MAVIS 

of the Harris Light Cavalry was next intro- 
duced. He said tnat the loyal citizens 01 New 
York had gathered together that night to ratify 
the action of the delegation of the Chicago Con- 
vention. He called upon the loyal citizens ot 
New York, who bad sent the choicest of her 
sons to fight this war, who had sent twenty 
more regiments in the oeginning than Mr. Lm- 
«oi— «^a-iiE. Sudani thpinthi; .may needed, loyal 
because whehthe catTror ''five nunored thou- 
sand more" was made, they alone unasked aud 
beforehand had filled the quota. Let Gov. An- 
drew go to Belgium and buy men to nil the quota 
of Massachusetts, or purchase negroes for the 
same purpose, they of New York had despised 
such action, and had filled their ranks with 
their own men. Other States might go down 
to South Carolina and purchase and beg ne- 
groes, New York had been aud was ever ready 
fo send forth her sons to light the battles of the 
Union and the Constitution. Parties are repre- 
sented not by platforms, but by men. You 
have demanded that George B. McClellan shall 
be your leader, and the Republican party have 
demanded that Lincoln shotdd be their com- 
mander. Let us see who has fixed principles. 
Lincoln before his election told you that this 
Union could not exist a part free and ti part 
slave. When he became President, he said 
they could exist together. He then says that 
we can never conquer the South without the 
ne<*ro to join us, and that the negro should be 
hereafter declared free, and that the people 
should he pledged to carry his freedom into 
effect. Every law has been swept away, and 
you have become the creatures ot Abe Lincoln. 
Mr Vallandigham was arrested for not 
one-tenth of what Mr. Greeley had said. 
and he was banished. And when Mr. Vallan- 
digham, a relon, a convicted traitor, as he was 
called, told never to return, put his foot again 
in Ohio, no one dared or deemed it expedient 
to touch him, anil such is law under Abe Lin- 
coln. Our pritons groan with men who, with- 
out trial or law, have been cast hi their dun- 
geons to waste away their lives. The speaker 
then referred to the early lite of General 
McClellan. the distinguished manner in which 
his talents displayed themselves, and re- 
ferred to his great deeds in the Mexican 
war and then the readiness with which he 
responded to the call of the Umon when this 
war broke out, should not permit the argu- 
ments of speculators and contractors to influ- 
ence them. They wanted a man who, if the 
brethren of the South said they wanted peace, 
would give them peace under the Constitution 
andthe*laws, aud if the secessionists demanded 
war, he would be ready lor them also, [cheers.] 
The speaker continued further in his re- 
marks, and concluded them amid much ap-^ 
plause. .-—-"'"I" icioV'r 

si'iax'.u of col. 1'J"-" 



tic said nenaajustrouuuedaonrtae i.mcago 
Convention where lie had the honor to be Sec- 
retary, and while there and on his way hither, 
he had delivered many speeches, and that he 
hoped to be excused. If, on this occasion, he 
should fall short ol their expectations. [Cries 
of " go on."] The Chicago Convention, con- 
taining representatives from every ioyal Suite 
in the Union, in their wisdom have selected a 
noble standard-bearer.' a man as faithful in re- 
deeming Hie Union as George Washington was 
in establishing it. f Cheers.] If Washing- 
ton coidd be called Hie Father ol' 
his Country, he believed he might 
call McClellan the savior of the Union. Now 
for the lir&t lime he saw a ray of light beaming 
upon ilie country. And when he called the 
roll of members ot the Chicago Convention and 
proclaimed that General George Ik McClellan 
had been unanimously nominated he felt su- 
premely happy. Abe Lincoln was tlie champion 
ol the negro, while George H. McClellan belongs 
to 1 lie while man's parly. He believes that 
S<),O0U,00U of whites are. of more value than 
4,u(i(j,(juu oi' negroes. Lei the negroes light out 
their own salvation. When leading members 
of the South came to Niagara and asked to 
have a safe permit to Washington, to 
treat for an honorable reconciliation of 
affairs, Abraham the first, and thank God, Abe 
the last, slams the door against thorn, ana says 
we will not talk of peace unless you tree the' 
negro. Suppose they are free, what shall we 
do wilh them? Eeed thein ? Put them in Cent itil 
Park to gaze upon, or support them on account 
oi' the high price of wool.' [Laughter.] Our 
doctrine is, let them alone. Let thein siay 
w here they are. they are good enough there; 
and if it is a kin, it is not our sin. And when 
any Southern Slate wants to come back, let us 
receive it wilh open arms anil say, return ouce 
more to us, and say nothing about ihe 
negro. lie felt sorry that any man 
should love the negro better ttian they 
did the Cuioji. He advised them io read 
ihe acceptance ol George B. McClellau in 
to-morrow's or the day alters paner and all 
those, devoted to the Union, the Constitution 
and the laws will there lind everything they 
desire. They will there lind the Democratic 
principles clearly elucidated. We have tried 
-laifjiilji .and bavonets ami nothing has c«m/. «* 
mem; loc'iiemfc-r^-Mu,. what the teudering of ihe 
olive branch will effect. t; w speaker spoke 
much further and we are sorry that our space 
compels us to refrain from publishing more of 
his truly eloquent discourse, which vvas listened 
to with rapt attention by the audience, and he 
concluded with urging all to read ihe McClellau 
platform careluJh/to review the merits of tile 
respective candidates carefully, and then to de- 
pCMt their ballots on the daj of election, under 
the proud consciousness that it is a vote in fa- 
vor oi' the support of the Union and the Con- 
stitution. Mr. Conrad Svvucklninier next ad- 
dressed the meeting, and spoke with mucli 
effect, lie was frequently interrupted by the 
cheers of the multitude around. Sir. Lawrence 
of Rhode Island-also made a few remarks at this 
stand, while Mr. If. H. 11 orange's speech of New 
York terminated the speeches at this stand. A 
vote of thanks having been tendered to the 
chairman of the meeting, the assemblage dis- 
persed wilh cheers for McClellau and the Union 



Was located directly opposite the church of 
the Puritans, fating Fifteenth street. Toward 
half-past soven o'clock the firing of cannon, 
rockets, etc., attracted a tolerably large con- 
course. The stand was hung with huge Chinese 
lanterns, hearing in glaring colors and different 
devices: ''The Union must and shall be pre- 
served," "McClellau and Pendleton," --The 
Union and Constitution," etc., etc. At eight 
o'clock a band ofmusie was procured, and shortly 
afterward the crowd surrounding the platform i 
increased in numbers. When' Che proceedings 
were inaugurated, the speakers were enabled. I 
to address a large and appreciative audience. 

At eight o'clock precisely the Commit tea ap- 
peared, took possession, and 11. H. Morange 
called the meeting to order, nnd'spol.o as ioi- 
lows : 

M'BKCH OF 11. 11. MOKAXUB. 

Fkij.ow Cjtizkns : I have the pleasure to 

nominate for the position of Chairman the lion. 
J. Konieyne ilrodhcad. J do not exaggerate ihe 



importance of this assemblage, when I say that 
it is the most gigantic meeting ever assembled 
in this Square. You know the purpose lor 
which this meeting has been called: to ratify 
the nomination ot George B. McClellan and 
Hon. G. H. Pendleton. [Tremendous cheering.! 
Nor need I review the iniainous course of 
Abraham Lincoln, [a voice— "Three groans 
for him;" which were given with a will.] You 
well recollect the spontaneous assemblage in 
18C1, when it was understood that this war was 
to be prosecuted for the re-establishraentof the 
Union. Has that purpose been fulfilled ! Tha 
strife has been waged to oppress our Southern 
brethren, and that by a man who had bat one 
object in view : the subserviency of his ends. 
The only way in which to restore the Uaion, bj 
to elect G. B. McClellan and J. H. Pendleton. 
LLoud cheersl. I now take pleasure in intro» 
ducing your chairman. 

Mr. Bomeyne then stepped forward 'and in- 
troduced, amid great enthusiasm, Thomas G. 
Miies, Esq., of Pennsylvania, who proceeded as 
follows : 

Sl'KECU OF THOMAS J. MILliS, ESQ., OF I'HILA- 
DELPHI A. 

Mr. Ciuikmad— My fellow-citizens of tha 
Empire Stale: When first I had the bouor to 
receive the invitation of your ooinniittec to ba 
present and address you this evening, I be- 
lieved that it would not be within my power to 
avail myself of the privilege, having contracted 
a cold on my return from Chicago, under" 
which I am still suffering. But. as the time foi: 
ho'diug your meeting approached, I could not 
restrain the desire to be present, as a listener, 
at least, to the words oi encouragement which: 
1 knew would be spoken from these stands to 
animate the depressed heart, and it may be, to 
nerve the almost palsied arm of the once frea 
and independent people of these Northern; 
Slates ot America. Never, since tbe nwain^ 
ol liberty dawned upon this once favored Ian J, 
have any portion of our fellow-citizens assem- 
bled under auspices so solemn and important 
as those which claim your attention this 
nigbt. For what purpose has this vast cou- 
course of tlie freemen of New York and tha_ 
adjacent Suites assembled here thiseveningT 
Is it to discuss the question of a tariff— ttte ques- 
tion. ot'ii<xiJsa_th9 .aiifiiitian . in relation to the> 
policy of distributing the proceeds of the public; 
lands among the States— the question of the init 
provement of rivers and harbor.-; by the general 
Governments No, no, my friends, alas! no. 
These were all regarded as important tpaestioni 

once. In the halcyon days of the Kepublic 

in those good old days of "virtue, liberty and 
independence," these were the questions that; 
were wont to engage the attention of the people 
when they assembled together for political dis- 
cussion, Alas ! Uiey have lost their interest 
now. As when a great calamity casts its gloomy 
shadow over our individual hotioehold, all 
minor evils are forgotten, absorbed in the con- 
templation of the great impending evil, so this 
awful visitation, that, during the last lour years 
has brooded like a hideous specter over our 
national household, has driven from our 
thoughts all minor considerations, until 
now the only inquiry worthy the consideration 
of an American freeman, is that which with pal- 
pitating heart and kindling eye, each Democrat; 
is asking ot his neighbor, what can be done to 
rescue jrom the grasp of despotic power cite 
priceless jcucl of constitutional libjbrtt. 
While history records some instances of volun- 
tary surrenaer of liberty by the people, its 
pages will be searched in vain for a parallel ta 
that self-stultification, fanaticism, partisan pre- 
judice, moral obtnseness, or froui whatever? 
cause it may arise, which at present induces sa 
large a portion of the ireoinen of Anierioa, de a 
liberately, hour by horn-, to employ themselves 
in riveting the manacles of despotism upon 
their own free limbs. . And yet, the rank and 
tile of all political organizations in this country 
are honest and well meaning. The massea oi 
the Brpublican are as 'anxious lor the) 
preservation of constitutional . liberty aa 
the masses of the Democratic party. 
The difference is in this: that "while the 
Democratic masses are instructed in the true 
principles which underlie the superstructure of 
our Government, the masses of the Republican 
party are deceived, cajoled, misled by wily, un- 
scrupulous demagogues, wjio tell them that 
there is a law higher than the Constitution of 
the United Elates— a law of seutiinent- of re- 
ligion- and that when this sentimental lav* 
conflicts with the fundamental law, to wit, the 
Constitution, the Constitution becomes subordi- 
"™>ia™ !'l ia law of Philanthropy. Thus the 
sua mo J( *'<^jur hijhci-s, _sitb.swai.ed_ with the 



.,.„ u »Cu iitnmrui >> Htsiwiguui, is inaoe subor- 
dinate to the infamous "higher law" doo 
trine subscribed with the name ol Seward. 
No wonder that the author of the " higher law" 
should also be the author oi those now liistori- 
cal words addressed to Lord Lyons : " My Lord., 
1 can touch a bell and order the arrest ot a citi- 
zen ol New York. Can the Queen of England 
do as much ?" It' Lord Lyons responded to thia 
inquiry, he doubtless replied: "No; indeedsha 
cannot. Cod forbid that she could !" The car- 
dinal error ot cm - opponents is in confounding 
the administration of the Government witii this 
Government itself. We have had twenty-two 
administrations of the Government ; but mall 
that lime but one Government. To admit that 
the Administration is the Covernment, is to ad- 
mit that the sovereign people surrender their 
sovereignty to the Administration, and that 
since the days of Washington we have been 
living under a long line ot sovereign Admin- 
istrations. The popular vaunt— the sovereign 
people— has bet-n a shallow pretense— a cheat. 
I hold as an axiom that the Government ol tha 
United States is the will of the sovereign peo- 
ple, expressed through a written fundaiuenial 
law, which we call the Constitution ot tha 
United Slates. That Constitution provides for 
its own administration, in the election of. 
agents*, with power to those agents to appoint. 
subordinates; the duties of said officials, their 
terms of office and their salaries being specified 
and regulated by tint Constitution. This is tha 
Government of the United States, and when- 
ever and by whomsoever a law is promulgated 
as a political dogma, tu be regarded as superior 
to this written mndaniental law the party or 
parties sip offending are guilty of at least moitil 
treason to tlie Government of the United 
Stales. Then I would ask by what authority 
does William n. Seward invoke the Constitu- 
tion ol the United States, prate of the Covern- 
ment, the Constitution, the Hag and the Union,a3 
in his recently delivered Auburn speech? I hero 
arraign William 11, Seward for treason against 
the Government of the United States, in his 
"higher law" and irrepressible conflict doc- 
tiines; 'and as one of the sovereign people £ 
(barge him wilh having accomplished more, in 
the promulgation of these damnable heresies, 
to bring our poor bleeding country to its pres- 
ent condition, than all the secessionists who 
are now iuu.,a ux w >„„ ■■,ii,,,ii;,«T» r , n - a insi its au- 
thority. The author of an erroneous, ereir 
though evil sentiment, when honestly enter* 
' n;ay not be amenable to the charge of 



tained, 



offending against die mural law— not to he who 
deliberately publishes error,' with motives oC 
gain or criminal hist of power. "Words are 
thing-,'' and just in proportion to the evil their 
utLerance may accomplish, will their author be 
held responsible by the unerring judgment of 
posterity. Mr. Scv/aral knew full well that this 
Government could not bear the strain of a sec- 
tional Preskler-tialcoiM est, based on the theory of 
the "irrepressible conflict" doctrine; but he 
thought to construct a Bartyupon this plausible; 
theory out of the debris of disrupted organi- 
zations, upon whose turbulent, ephemeral lidt* 
he might Heat into power, and then having 
reached the goal of his ambition, having become 
the occupant of the Presidential mansion, ha 
could Tyloi'izc the Republican party in order to 
save the Union— !.ut 

" The l t..'-i: i.i tu schemes of i.ikc and men, 
tloiiKidtuglce." 
He was tupped up at the eleventh hoar by iliosa 
Abolition secession coons— Greeley, Chase? 
bumner, Wilson, Phillips, Wade, etc., etc., \£f, 
understood the astute philosopher quite as y3 
as he understood himself. They nominate*? 
who, deficient in the mental vigor and cap 
of Mr. Seward, and largely imbued with?"-' 
own pernicious Idociriiio.?, could be pW 10 
their wui tu carry out the abolition oi ^'f 
e-, en though the Union should be brty LO 
atoms in the attempt. They nominal 011 * 5 
who had declared secession do brines/ tht * 
floor oi Congress as lar buck as 7 ,<ur io7 tlKi { 
any portion of a people beco- ,,;,„»' /uJstied 
with their esislnnr form oi 



a lif.'ht tu viithdraw lrum 
eMi&blhVh another more ■■ 
Aud who, af. a later 
controversy with .); 
'• this Government 
and half i'jee— Ilia 
all slave," in tho 
eminent ba 
i 



« *S4S, lop!'*: 

W di/-^ 

govern)]?-: a ~. 



.fiat 
itabl 



joven 

2 tu til 



Douglas, 
ukl not exist, 
"neeoi^c 
fact t! 



face ot thi 



aud 
adtss. 

i tuafc 
pi slava 

free oc 
lite GOV- 

olossal 






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P-i 




THE POLITICAL CAffl^IGN. 

'.? ■ I' ' ~ ' .'*. '.'. " | 

Cbrand: Turnout of the Brooklyn 
.*. » Denocrjkif* 



Meeting at the Ao^4ejnyo|' 

Music. 



Tfc© Bdildtair Filled &ud [Sleettigs 1* 
UM9 Wjjtcent Streets, 



#peech of Hon. Keverdy John* 
son, of Maryland. 



LIS COUPS CBItf£8 ASD f AILUAE3 



WJ>y fee &as sot Restored aad Cstimot 
Bestore cite UaioE, 



■11^ TRUE POLICY FOR THE NATION. 



. Statement, of tne Claims of Mo- 
Clellan upon the People, j 



$•>, 



4»c, 



*rdj 



Ma Di;< L'.'- >■: >?! li 



f: :-.'-.'A- 



Out ol the largest t»a<i most enthusiastic «aas& 
1 ji*fitmg9»f the campaign waq heldlast «venir.£ 
*4 Brooklyn, in the Academy of Music, in from 1 , 
cfrl, and in the City Hall Park, The Academy 
of Masiij W4fl filiad with & moat respectable 
asdtence, among whom were many ladies. The 
grlatfcrm was occupied by Utrge numbers of dia- 
iujjaiehed gentlemen. Outside, the whole 
street, from the Academy of Music tj the City 
iii>U, was crowded with thoona.nds of people, and 
HiH waving of flags, and thtt almost innumerab'p 
fctaneja wid transparencies, the booming of 
tfecnou, tie shouts of the people, the 
voices of speakers from, several stand?, made 
up a scene which in its effectiveness, magaifiL 
C€i.ce ana enthusiasm, has very seldom beea witt 
uoLsed in the City of Churches. The ears were 
*>u several occasions oompeUed to atop for a iooe 
time to await the passage of processions wi.h 
bonaa, banners and transparencies. '"' ' 

! Inside the Acadamy of Moeic B.l). ISm- 
the president xrf the Central McClellan Aaaocia! 
«'wn, presided. Resolutions indorsing McCleli 
laa's letter, and expressing patriotic and fitting 
sentiment?, we re. read by J. 0. -Douglas. ] 

A splendid American flag, containing a por-l 
trait of McClelLin and the words ' *Mc Cleltan fof 
President,'-' ; >->Central McClellan Association, " 
waa let down from the ceiling over the stage, and 
■ was greeted with tremsndous applause. ' 

ii* ^fc* chairman then introduced Hon. Revordy 
> J^irnaon, of Maryland, who was received with| 
-iaimenee cheering, ' He spoke aa follows : - ' j 

Spsechorflon.ItDTtidy JalxttfiOE, 
¥iuPa«au)SJi'r and Ojsntljeiikn: The return whicY 

•| 49% 8 .15 e yp» RM most appreciate > that I make 
for the kindness of your reception (a kind ansa' 
that I ahull ever gratefully re member; is ' to pro- 
ceed at once to the consideration of the topics 
that belong to the occasion. None more momeat-i 
one were -ever submitted to a people. They in-; 
volve the destiny of the nation. Is liberty to 
survive ? ie our nationality to lis restored? ia'our! 
faim of eonstitutioaa! goviwiniuent to he pre-' 
asrved? lihjMe »r# the great issues in the 

.jrte*Kk*4ial.<saay*gG, tod ft is to these that I! 

• propose' iito ■..shmur. I have ' »a'd - that- 
tb* ii.eiiesBosfe'«eii!>;>-mometttou8. ''Tfcsy, in-'! 
volfa 'jBft;si«.;anMB ■ .-temBorarv ' Drosnswtv.l ! 



pinet'e, • so xqeie eclipse of national power, noj 
*ere abeyance of national esiatsnee, but our : 
»atk»a's Me "or'dea'h reets upon their soluUon. ' 
<Appiaose ) Tne annalB of time since history' 8 ! 
record commeaced furbish us wi'-h no parai- , 
Jel,. A people but recently among, if not ttwi 
happiest on the globe, livuuc under a government; 
-with a written constitution containing, in thsj 
jviaioest laaguiee, every guarantee for ladividualj 
*ad social freedom that a sagacious and liberty-! 
loving Waoestry 'could devise, are now in the' 
tiidbt of a war more g gantic than o^vil- 
>*ed ' or savaga min ever bafore kaetr — ! 
with lR'Btlle armies vaster than Xerxes 
marshaled— hearirg in almost every wind; 
that blows the strife of the battle field, the 
cheers of the victors, no 7 on this side aid now 
an that; tlie stacks of the dying, tie agonies of 
the wounded (brothers all); fueling tha tottering . 
c>nil«ioi» of our country; lis rain at times ap- ! 
patently imminent; hope even, at periods, g>rae, ( 
thea revived; a debt already leiriul in aoasunt : 
aid daily incieasina at a more fjarfal rate, i 
threatening that last c'vlamity national iaaak - 
Tiiptcy, weare no w, after noiriy ;foar year.i of I 
aailt-mg and solicitude, cailed onto consider: 
whether there is no remedy. Must there bs, is '. 
ihere to be another hke four years 'I ( "No _ no!") ' 
Aad if there' ie, who is so meat»Ily obtuse, ' 
- or so blinded by paitip.iin feeling, as not to' see i 
that political chaos will overtake us, an", j 
freedom, as the result in all humaa probability, 
te forever b&t? i Appluase. ) Geatlemen, are 
"these apprehensions chimericil or well fjundeav 
%bat the past four years have brought us to we 
linow. The symbols of woe, seen in almost ev^ry 
household in. the land, tell us what huma» misery 
they haje produced. The boaes of newly halfSi 
aiillion of men, the just pnac of our oouatry, 
and who were but litely usit3d to us by' tUB 
ationgeat ties of ofieotio?, tha". now whitsn hua- 
-dredeofi!.attlc.-field3, tell us of fewfal slaughter 
Afnud^ debt of more than $2,000,000,000, and 
jan u: funded one of ahuo3t, if not quite, as 
*is any Kiiilions more, toll ua of a Iaad 
■Kortgag3d to an araou:t that already shakes the 
mat o&'s. credit and fills every reflestingpitrioti^ 
.fuiad with the deepest solicitude 

"And ye*, wih oil this iaiSiyiduy.1 misery— this 
«trcadiu\ lr»s of life-- this alreidy crushiu^ 
fcsiount of deb', fie present tiaie, now nearly at 
Lhe end of the four years, tells .us that t'ae Onion 
>o deer to us coalinaes dissolved, aad that a 
united spirit of hoatilsty, where beta ve therd .wis 
divisior, animates our brethren of i\ e rebellious 
'slates, and wh'ch if anothsr like fom' yean w-e 
*. on tiiued will lead them to piefer ai^mhiiation 
tp a teturn to their or;gioal aliei'?iauee--- 
to prefer death to submission, - .'f tha ' 
fate designed acd prepared for ' them 
by the policy, civd and military, of tas y.ears 
that have pasatd is to be theirs— a policy *hw)h 
Icodfi directly to the 1c ai of all their property, oS ; 
all their patt political freed ;m, aud of all ihe so- . ! 
coriticB tor both guarantaad by the OjnitUatios, 
Ut wh&se fold they are told we wish them to re- [ 
nut. bftoial- e^uAhty with ihek tossaw tktvea ; 

th«y arc to admit. Tais ia iaa : .stsd by aa infla- 
(.Btij.', aad, at this time, a pantral.ng portion of 
the friends of Mr. Liscolo. The sUves, as pro- 
posed by the save V*rij, are aha to bt- 
oome the owners, of the laad, kiviig to tha 
white m$a and w;omeis oaiy the ocou>it".oa 
of daily la'apiera, A. file, like this, ia io fi- 
nitely worte'th&m death. Obvnua as in my 
judgment it is, that the rebelloa was in the 
beginning without justification or exjas», (aad t 
a» sure jou concur in that opinion, ) it is not to 
be desi$d that i1a coatinaasce and present 
at 'ength &re mainly to be ref.rxed Vi the ootid i 
tifn to which the adwiaiatration has reduced bur 
southern brethren, and the still worse conJiuo j 
to which its threatened policy will reiure them; 
and, jud^iug from the past, that poUoy is sare to 
be adopted if Mr. Liaoola is w-eUoted. That 
this ie the conviction of a large part, and, it is 
believed, of a decided majority, of the people of 
the loyal states, no man who properly estimaUa 
their intelligence, or regards the suns of 
the .times,' ean donln. Th«y think, as 
all the people of such statns, including tne 
Prt sidemt in, the beginning, {hon,ght, that the 
sole purpose to t>e attained, and the sale au- 
thority to attain it under ths ConsUtut on by 
force of arms, was the restoration of tha Unioai 
the statca retomu g to have all the rights thtt 
they before posaesised. That this was the view 
of the President, and of the convention by whom 
he was orig'n&lly nominated, is past, all ques- 
tion. ' One of the resolutions of that body w^s 
*' that °<he maintenance invioUte of the rights of 
the atates, and especially ih& right of 
nach ut ale to ordtr and touffol its own, 
domestic iittitutiom Recording to its own. 
Judgment exclusively, ii essential to that 
balai.ee of power on which the perfection 
ttnd tnduranee cf our politic*! fahric d«pends- 
(Applause. ) ind we dtuouuee the lawless xava- 
ticn by" armed force of the soil of any state 
under any pretext as amowg the grayest of 
crimes." ifothiag a^n be piaicor than t&e meaa- 
iiii?ofthis resolution. 'The afimusuoe of the 



"tight 'of each state to order and control ita do; 
rnesticin*1itutions , 'refrrs» and oan alone refer, 
to the light to retai-s domestic slavery. The de» 
nunoifttioa of "the lawless invasion by armed 
Jajceoitheaoil.oi; any state" was mended to 
apply to the case of J. hn Brown's invasion ot 
Virginia. "Mr. Lincoln in ' his inaugural 
of March. 1861, •• insertsd -this resolution 
at hagtb, and declared that to him 
it wonla be "a 1' w" a*d eroded • 'I now ; r«iter-j 
ate these sefctin enta" and ' 'in doing bo, 1 only 
prer «'d?on the public attention ths moat conelu-i 
live eiidenceof which the case is susceptible, thij 
the property, peace,, and security °f no station, art 
to le in ony wise endttnyered by the now incoming 
administration." "In the sa^e ttate paper b.4 
had before Baid, quoting approvingly from ona 
of his own speeches, '.T hare no purpose direct-; 
ly or indirectly to interfere with the insti utipn 
of slavery in the states' where it now exists; ! 
ted subjoined, ' / believe Ihioe no ' lawful rUj/U- 
i to do so, and 1 have no ■mclinalion to da so" | 

At this time it wiB be remembered boutb. Caro- 
lina had seceded. Her ordinance waa passed on, 
the '20 .h of tbe preceding December 'and several 
otiers'ates had followed her example- Mr. Lin! 
aoln therefore, when he addressed the nation la, 
March 1861, and aunouaced ihe opinions 1 have 
■ given in bis own words, knew that he would bo 
compelled 1o resort to force to ma'nta-n the 
authority of tbe Unioa within these Btatae. To 
do tins he also knew would be the exercise oil 
the war power conferred by tbe Constitution.!! 
•And jet with that fast and knowledge he no'- 
\ euly di^kimed * ! 1 purpose to jalaidure with 
-siaTeiy in the states wivere it existed, bntf 
declartd that he had " no lawful right to do so. 
(Applause.) the institution, therefore, of ela- 
> very, he, aid the oonveation that nominated him, 
.piqjSaimed it to be, " especially the rightof each 
sate to order and control," " according to its 
j oifn judgment exclusively. " He never pretend- 
ed a' that period that by virtue of the war or any 
other power known to the Constitution, he as 
President ,had a right to abolish slavery. Hja 
present opinion in that regard, if he waB 
sincere in March, 1861 (»» no doubt he 
•was), ' is ' maiifestly an att ex-- thought, or ( 
rather has bien since, and against bis own 
judgment, forced upon him by. influences, • 
which, unfortunately for the country, ha was too. 
feeble to resist. He could not, to use his o<vn 
reported language at that tim*, afford to break 
with "the Greeley faction, "and he never has' 
had the time or manliness to do so sines, although, 
at one time' he apparently thought that the , 
safety of the nation required it. (Laughtei.) 
" These gentlemen constituted a po war in his party. 
They aie men of talentsj of decided will, enthu- j 
Blasts, fanatical, as I believe, but therefore honest 
on the subject of slavery, and' their united force, j 
Mr. Lincoln^ 'feeble, reed- like firmness was as | 
impotent to resist as . human arm. to arrest' 
the march of the, clouds. He say, top, 
in ' the' future^ the prize of a 
'continuing presidency. ' ("That's it") He 
doubtless saw, or thought he saw, as he should 
reset or submit to their importunities, its posses- 
sion or its loss, and unable to rows himself to the 
elevation of considering duty performed as the 
only foundatioa for an honer- 1 fame, he surrendered 
the .conviction which ]fxe haa betore so recently 
solemnly announced a so. agret-d to attempt, and 
did attempt, not only inoirectly but dii'octly, "to 
interfere with the institution, '■' in spite of his 
prior solemn declaration that he had ' 'no la vrul 
right to do so. " ' 'Lead us not into temptation" 
is an invocation so vital to man's safety as to 
h. ve been especially suggested by Heaven itself. 
The temptation of ambition has often led its 
victim to slaughter hetatombs of his mo, It 
caused Napoleon <i wade through bl >od and 
slaughter to a throne, and to seek the subjection 
of all uurrt utdmg nationp, until und r tbe ret- 
ributive justice ot God, sure to be sooner or later 
visited upon biiiuing and erring nan, he died an 
exile and in wretchedness on a bleak aad bar- 
ren island of the ocian. Aad to compare grsat 
things with an.3ll (laughter), it has iuduoed Mr. 
Lincoln to abai doc his often recorded op.nions 
with the hope to attiin the.eby u.io'.l.or lease of 
power,' but for onr salvation ths same retributive 
justice is above us; destined in its own good time 
and that we trust is near a 1 , ha^d to send hi<n to 
his home in Springfield a satidor and a wiser 
.man. (.Cveers.) 1 say he has changed his 
policy — that he ha3 abindoned his opinion of his 
power But this was sot doiie at once. In ine 
interval he cften repeaUd and reitorated th ; 
views cf his inaugural I'< wculd detain you t;o 
loug to eptciiy each instance A fevwilbe 
sufficient. 

1, In bis mess ge J o Coagrt-sa' of the tiihol' 
March, 1802 known as hy cotauen ation oiessuge, 
aftr recount encting to thit body that they 
should pf>t!n a resolution that the United Status 
ougjbt to co-operate with the r.tites by nitons 
of- 'pecuniary aid' in effecting the gradual 
abolisbmtnl ot alsvery he espressly disivWs fjr 
the government any nuthcrity over ths subject, 
except with etate assent Uis la^gui^e ia that 
his proposition " sets op no claim ot a right by 



fedciarauthwity to interfere with slivsrywithio 
state linjiif, lelorripg, a3iydi.e3 ; to the absolute 
controijot tbe subject in tach ease to the Srtate ami 
»ta people inimedia'ely iaterested. (Applauas ) 

-J, ine a« of Congress of the tith of August, 
'61, enaor.ipjted only the slaves of rebels em 
ployed. m ihe rebellion, and submit'od tht decis- 
ion clinch catee (rx:lusively>Tthecourtd. Major- 
General FreirontjOnthe 30th of that month, he be- 
iui' then id command in Missouri, by proclanj.'ition 
declartd free all the slayes within the state, 
This, as tsou us it came to his knoshdge he 
disapproved, ard declared it in a formal order of 
the 11 th ot 8»pternber1o be void as far as it trans- 
cended the provision of tbe act of Congress. And 
in a letter of Ur> Joseph Holt to the President, of 
the 22d of ths month, that gentlemaa boing 
alermtd for the effect of Fremont's ordw,' states 
Uiat "the act of Congress was b-iiieved to embody 
the coorervative policy of yourftdaoinisrtratiou." 
7>:a et^ment Mr. Lincoln nsver denied, 

3 fftn"vk% J$ 9*, l.**'-*^ Ma>of-Ger>ei-al 
Hnnfer. acil tary eonmaodur of the di'piitaent 
of the Souih, eiabia-Jing Georgia. Pioriia, aii 
houth Carohna, by* an order of that 
date declared all sk/vts within suib states free I 
On h* lO.h of the moDth„ even before he w»s 
officially advised if ihe measure, Mr LUoala, 
by proclamation, declared the fame, " *het^er 
genu'ue or false," Uj be ' 'altogether void " la 
neither of these instances is there the alit-h'.eil 
intittibtion of a change of opinton by Mr Liucob- 
eifclreron the qn'stion of policy or of po*rsr. As 
to both, as far as wo it e* tten, cr kn^w eow, if 
we do him the juFtiue to believe in bis fraiknese 
and eincerity, he then entertained the same 
opinion that lie announced in his i&augnraU 
(Applause. ) 

i. But tie evideroe o^ttia does not stop hsre. 
Congress aad the President declared theur views 
of policy and power On the '22d of July, 1862, 
Mr, Crittenden proposed, in the Home or Kepre- 
t entativea a resolution wi ; ch after trufy seating that 
tbewarwaf '-forced upon the coa try by the 
diennianisis" of tie southern sta'es, declared 
that it "is notwi*ged- on (our) part in auj 
spirit of oppression or for any puraoae of con- 
quest or subjugation, orpmpose of overthrowing 
or interfering with the rights or tbe established 
inf tatution ot these staes (the seceded), but to 
dc fend and maiataia the supremacy of the Con- 
tt iution and the rights of the several 
states unimpaired; and that as so ; in as these 
objects are accompli bed the war ought to 
cease. (Cheers.) In the House only two votaa 
were cast against it. a> d in the Uanate but one 
Republican vote, arid it was at once and without 
hesitation approved by tbe Presidsnt No pre- 
tense here suggested that slavery was to be 
abolished, or that ary of the rights ot the stitas 
in regard to it were to be interfered with. On 
the contrary, that it was our duty to carry on tht 
war then raging, as long, and only as keg as it 
Bhuuld be ctceesiry to "defend aad ina*ntaia the 
supremacy of the coastitution," and that the 
Dnian restored, "all the righia of the severi! 
states" would remaia uaiapaired. This 
eonservativs and constitutional ' pol cy was, 
soon after, and almost fatally, no; oalyab-iic- 
d^ned, but totally reverRsd.-- Emancipation 
productions, usder a claim of executive war 
power— bhe hrst on the 22h ot 8ept3'i:bei-. in the 
same ytar, aod the second on tha 1st 
of the tuc eedirt^r January — were put 
forth. In the last, all slaves' in cer- 
tain bta'ej, or parts »f fit itefl, were declared 
free. Whtther the territory or the slaves should 
fall wilbin the military occupttioa of the United 
Siatts or not— thus to'ally disrearii g his 
declarations *a to his vront ot pow-^r, Ride it the 
v^ry moment of taking bis officisl &t!|h — forget- 
inp that cath »nd his thea solemnly anttouioed 
opinion, be now avers bis sinoera beliaf to 
be that tbe meatuio r«feiTed to was " war.a itzd 
by tie Cons : it a, lion upon irilifcary neo«asity. " 
Mil. tary necessity ! (Lsughtof ) What power, 
ss ooattrned by the P'esident aad by some of 
bia generals, dees it not coir.prissf M'hatrs- 
strajnts upon txe:u*ive oower'does it notr* 
iroveV How ibsoiutsly does it become its osu 
sole rtstrftint ? How pe>f«otly dotiB it vest in Ihe 
President all authority, executive, legislative, 
at d judicia' ? Its only limitation is ths necesd'ty 
cut of whi'ih it springs, aad thssole jddge oftriat 
uecessity is the President. How alarming a\id 
how palpably abeurd is the doctrfue, an«) yet i'; ia 
upon that, and n£ on that alone, that the President 
rests his pioclarrutions of tieutemoeraad Janaa 
ry. S«e tbe outrageous results to which it leris. 
The President thinks that the rebellion c snoot be 
suppressed i! Congress is pirmittei to iaterte rj. 
He thinks it cannot b* done if coaitB or judges, 
though acfing ■tciider~tho authority of lawj a r e 
Buffered to intervene th-ir funcUons. It 
bsing his sworn duly to suppress the 
rebellion, and whatever in his judgmsnt 
becomes recesaaryto that end oonstitates a 
case cf military necessity. He disperses Con- 
gress, closes courts, imprison. i judgep. Who is 
so blind as not to see that this dcctiine rests on' 
the President's unrestricted and absolute poser, j 



and not only as concerns the general govern- 
ment, but those of the states transforms him t«im 
an officer with carefall? limited authority dele- 
gated by the Constitution, into a mere autocrat. 
The states elect members of the House of Re- 
presentatives. Senators are chosen by ihsir 
legislatures. A leaislature loyal in an executive 
senne, that is, friendly to the Pres'djnt^ — the 
modern conititutional test of loyalty — must be 
elected. Senators of a like character must be 
chosen. The executive arm may be palsied by 
different results, and its power to extinguish the 
rebellion enfeebled, if not destroyed. This 
preients a case of military necessity. The free- 
dom of elec'ior, therefore, in these states must 
be assailed — soldiers must be mustered ' 
around tbe polls — no vote must be oast, 
und none such is to ba permitted, but 
for the President's caud dates — this a3 
we know to a gT. at extent has already been 
st ■ amelfsely cone in the oase ot th-; last eleo'ions 
in Maryland and Kentucky. ("That's so." Ap- 
plame.) The legislature is elected and it is 
feared that an enemy of the administra^ioti will 
be chesen senator, this must be prevented, and 
the members are therefore as.estad or under 
fear of imprisonment are forced to vote for the 
President's choice, It ib a case of military ne- 
cep.tity. The press criticises with frankiess tint 
with trufh and for the interest and safety of iho 
country and as is its duty, the conduct of tne 
President. This tends he thicks to weakei 
and embarass huu. It must be stopped, 
military neoessi'y demands it and 
it ib done. Papers are suppressed and 
editors arrested and imprisoned. Ministers of 
the gospel pray as in tlieir conscierc^s they 
believe to be right. They are supposed thereby 
to weaion the President's axm. 1; is a oase of 
military ne csesity, and thef are arrasted, con- 
rued, *nd their churches closed and huid-ed over 
to some more plwnt pastors (" Shame, shunp.") 
The se *re no mere hypothesis— no mere faaty 
sketches. We k?ow th'it such things hays 
occurred in Mies' uri, Indian?, Wrst V:r»ioia., 
Maryland, Delaware; and New-York; and jet 
even to question ihe legality, much lass to 
d-EO.'.nee them in w;ids that ourn— a pitrio'.ic, 
almost a holy duty— is, by some of the sup- 
porters of the President, dsened disloyjl, 
(derisive laugl ter, ) anf abuse, seiirritons 
ahose, is heaped upon all who hive the 
muDluess to do so. And who, in doing so, bat 
maintain their inherited freccom. No warrant 
tor finch a doct ine is to be fou?a ia the Coisti- 
tutior; no irjl.it'Jiy necessity is tk?ie ^le-iii'n^d 
as the source of postW, t?r mfiTjtjoasd aVailj no 
prevision ext-:pt in relation to the wr,t of habA'ii 
corpus (checrsl is thtre to b3 fousd g : vi:g the 
MitiiO-ityta n.mcve, or to suspend uod^r any 
| ciTcomsfances whatever, tbe""ex_triss gu-irantees 
j which it contains of personal t-ud po:iv;c:tl l.b- 
| e\ ly, stafe oovereiguty, and Ihe freedom of i-.li.^- 
i ion and of the press But'Mr Lvcetrls a.d h ; s 
j advisers have, ceveitheless, di.cov.T.d wh-t no 
rr'UE. before ever dreamed or, t^a', there exists as 
an in d-spei dent sourcs cf executive pow sr, citb-r 
in the Conscitutrn or ou'iitls ff it, in 
t'me of war a military necc-ssity v hich gives thi 
Pre idf r.t as long t:s Sdch uocsslUv exist <— aud 
ol its c-:i>tinua:ce hois to be theexc"ii3i?e j ;dg,> — 
the right to difivgaid ard e.iti:i<r,u ; .sh ths ex 
pre f sly and esu'usivly delegated po-.7 ts of 
Controls, ccurf?, an! ju'ftcf; the reserved r'ghts 
e.r d powers of tht? st Ve.vhe Jjuaran esd privii ges 
of the cittzcD, ths fr^cdo -i of roiigion ant tb < 
pr.fs, all, all are to sueeuirb to ex >;u'ive power 
ro time ot war, ciul or uatlo;-il, oa t'.e ground 
ef rtili'ary necessity. Wise and pairiatic .aen 
hive heittefoie thled the office o'Pr^sideif, aui 
have been cabinet a.iui.teisdurinsr thelo^gioter- 
vat betv ten Washington and Mr. L'n ioIi'b accss 
sio.i to power, a. formidable insiureotion, and two 
fcr^goo wcrs have occurred. yet no one ever e»ea 
euggrsted that asv recesaity'couid ansa, which 
Wou'd not meivly be cimule.tifa cf porve - ia ths 
Frefcidtnt but ir consistent with, and ckestrikC'ivo 
o 4 (hose grinted by tbe Constitution ti tha other 
departments el ihe ^over.im-rftfcid of -Jwaeeari- 
ties of iftdividaal 1 bei ty which 4 ooauins, (Ap- 
p'auss. ) Ths first aiticls of the amend-neii' 
10 the Cvonsti.n'ion p:op^se* by 0oj,irj>:80j the 
4ih ot ktarcf, 1780, ^itha view "lipraveit mis 
ei' rati notion r abu-H oi itsp«we'*s",dicLuresihit 
"Co-«ftit.j6tiiUiiiaieaoli» resp^U g an es, 
t.b .u: Liner, t cf rel gion or prohioiUng thi free 
exercise tneieot^. or ab'idgmj tbe f.a-uoiu of 
ine^cb, or ot ihe pre-s, or ths riuhtsof tb« 
people p««cesbly to assemb a ml pe'i ion 
hi.) (lovernmerit leir a redrets of g itvanoes " 
Hojr fotile the{pro\iBion, ii" the doctrines of tie 
proit-nt day a-e to be maintained I la a puror 
period oi ihe rrpabiio, bo.wever, it was fouoU to 
be meet poUntiaL In 1708 tae alien and sedi- 
ti< n law was passed. Tne people were instantly 
urousert, and demanded, and |at the earbsat mo- 
jxent effected its r : paL Tha C.nstitutioi was 
thus vindicated, and its violation ranuked Dy ad 
almost univerudl pnb'uj opinioa. expressed 
through a free ballot-box. If, ' in th it 
day, Mr. Ad-vnia had Btujroundfd 



oso voting pretiaot with aimed a?hii9rs, 
and there had Venno otter reaedy w:'.h tha 
freemen of the tixe tia hfewould not hive beea 
worth a day's pnratase. Tha friends o oujtmv- 
ernment who in that age never belied thai 
there could teany security for its continuance 
«xc=p^. m ths preservative, of «U the guarantees 
the Constitution contained, and doubtless euppos ■ 
edtr. at no fuaher attempt would bamade to vio- 
late them. Haw mistaken! Military necessity had 
not tben auaerted its function. Years elapsed, ths 
people and tbe states enjoyusg perfect freedom 
udertheConithmion. Mr Lmciln a adminis- 
tration beg ; ns. a: d soon afterward this monstrous 
and tvrainie'doc'riae is announced, *ad frooi 
tmfl to tine has been despotically enforced It 
is now virtually claimid that the aaaeadaisnt re- 
ferred to was designed only t jUait congressional, 
and not cxecu ive pcw^r. It is true that Con- 
gress is the departxeat alone mentioned in it; 
but it was because neither that Cody, norths 
people, even dreamed that any other department 
would attempt to exert the powers prohibited. 
(Applanse) Had a «ugge,.ti:n to thst erkct 
beerl waoo at th&S time, it wo-iU have bee-, 
received but wi^h ridicute or oontempt. (Ap- 
plause ) 8 ni yet at this day, order the k ,re-"-«t o( 
miriUiy mcesB^y, of -which the President is tlw 
sole indite, a po**r is involved to prohibit the, 
tree exercise of -region toab'idgetbefr'edom of 
speech. The right to assemble and petr.ion 
tor address of greivano^a. Andj&ewa haveaian, 
Mr. Lincoln has done n.>ar5y all of these iron's. 
In to doing it is hoped t-hit he has arrt b32n hiTS j 
selif intiotnced by a desire to trample upon the 
rights of the citiz-n, but has Hieroly yielded to 
the sdooser will of others, or to the tern ration 
which for the pss'.two yeiishebasendeally hul 
befaiehiin of securing a re- eleenos. fa th^ 
former dajs of tha govecasteat. when 
tie political atmosphere tool, us hu-s from the, 
co,. D Vxion of the patriot s-ges of thoKivolat • n, 
— vhen kve o 1 oo:ntry snd of rreeion wev the 
aniiaiiigprincplee of every heart, it May be 
confidently Baid that if such a pretenaoa aal 
such conduct had been claimed aod pursued «v-ja 
by Washington; (chseri), (I beg pardon ot hia 
rxemoiy for the supposition,) deeply seate-l as he 
was in -he afleclicna ot bis countrjmen, it wo-u d 
have excited a filing of mdigaation 
throughout the Und, so unwell and 
sfoDg, ihat he would have I'ost _ ma. 



BO 

plaoe 



in their hearts, aad would hava 
shaken even his firmness a :d readsrad his 
re-election impossible. Constitutional hterty. 
the men of that day esteemed bo prcelsss that, 
they would have surrendered W=6h'.cgtoi 
rathtr than have sinetioned such gn^s dipir- 
ture* Irosi it. No man caa doubt this wso is 
femil'ar with their history. But to return to Mr. 
Liocoln's course in regard to slavery;. Noythat 
the d*y of electioa approacnes, he go»H a nfle 
shot even b+yond the measures of hie emanci- 
pation proclamations. Iu these to put the rebel- : 
lion down by means ol etna, cipatiorj was his sole 
avowed object. That ascsmpiiah^d, no ma'ter , 
when or by w* at means, the "military n-c« ity I 
eeasirg, slavery, exeept so Jar asit mi^ht bethen 
(fleeted, was to remain. His resort to the 
measure, as declared in his fioal prool-vna'ioa, 
was solely, ash* said, kecause he eeteosned it "a fit 
and necessary war measure for suppressing" the i 
rebellion. Tint object attained, emansipation 
ltas to terminate. > or did the measure embraoe 
si; of the seceded states, or either of the loyal 
tl»ve Btatea. Of the former, park of Louisiana, 
of Virginia, asd the whole of West Virginia, were 
excepted. With the rebellion ended slavery was 
to continue in these excepted loca'ities aad aljo 
in Missouri, Kentucky, ar.d Maryland. But now 
what are we told ? Under an authority whiah 
Mr. Greeley supposed was amply sutlicfeot, he 
ugried v,ith Me-.<sis Clay and HoioomD to obtain 
a ptiiuit for them to goto and return from 
Washington, with a view to some peace 
negotiation. That Mr. Lincola in the 
tint instance consented to grant .such 
a permit no ( one can doubt who believes in Mr. 
Gr.eley's veracity. Mr. Linco'n, however, on 
the 8th of July last, withdrew his oostnt by 
sending 1o that ee.tlernan. to be exbibitsd to 
Ke&srs.C'avjand Holcomb, a withdraw a' of his coa- 
st nt in the rather discourteous a d otfdASive 
fcrm of an address "To whom it may concerj.*' 
In this paper he refuses t> alio fv tho 39 gentle- 
men, or any oihsr, to repair to WashiDgtaj. in 
older lo ntgotiate a peat e, excapt upon a pre- 
liminary understanding and condition that such 
peace is not o^ly to embraoe "theiutegiity of the 
whole UnioD," baf'tieabandonai'Sntof s'avery," 
and ihatibe nogotiatious are to coaae "by an 
authority that can control the armies now at wir 
with the U:-i'Od States." To treat of peica, 
ev^n to speak of peace wfth a view to amioible 
lvsults Viitb, or to any psriies irora the seceded 
sta'es, or fi rce viuy ODe of such stitea is here 
dec!ai(d to be wholly it advisable, and is directly 
refofifd unless it, is first stipula:9d, thar in evecy 
one of such states slavery ii to 03 aoaud-jned. 
He, theiefore, vinually prjc'aiuis t9 the ciii- 
y.ma ot those states, '■! !iu3 v you uuvs hid tbe 



inst'imi;n of slaveiy amo?gy:u— sDie of 3 ou 
before, aid all of yon continuously since ths 
Corjsjlu'ion w*s adepted end have he'd it un- 
i|ues ioned— I know taat that iuetram^nt guar 
ran tees it to yuu. la my isaugnral 
(jieee^fie, I so said. I there dao'.ared 
that what is kno^n as tbe fugitive clause ia tte 
Cocstitutirn "»as iate-ided by those who mads 
it Icr the reclaiming of whit >ve cil! fugit.ve 
slave?, ard tbe intention of the law gtrer is tho 
law, " and that I was obou* to taks an oath 
that would bi.d ae to eat'orce it, a-d t'-ia*, I la- 
ter dtd to enforce it. VVrietacr truly or not, I 
know that ycuthiak the institution indisrensible 
to j our ijj^u§ti'v aid to t'13 ?vj vvui?rtt of yourdo- 
hitttis bff. I £qow that tli^s ridist of you are at 
wftr with the Un-Ud Stit-.-s oaly because y u 
ihL kit in danger. It h also, I kaoffj true tlat 
lha\ e Si id taat I hu.ve nctt'ce.'the iucliuatba uor 
toe power to interfLrs with i'. — anil it is so 
'ar true that I "htva couc so,, bat' to a 
limit.' d extent, and as a uoceiajr/ wa.- "m^isa.-s, 
and Lave even expressed a douot whstaerio ?j 
icf; to tha - . exieoit I hvv^ not tianscisdid my 
anehoriiy. It ;s true that Con^is.-s procl-jtimatl 
tint tbn ei>ie dasigj Ofthe wa- 0.1 taa*p i t't' of tae 
Diitee Sir.>es was tha x ppr.'siioi o.' the reb^l- 
l ; cn, aid ti.it thri'. aie mphvhei, all of your 
rights; including lLat of sL"e:y, would r-sjiilu 
totou. I i is ti ut^ tha'. o:, the 'Sid of A'.i^uj'., 
18(52, i£ a k-'ter to Jir. Greeley. I dcclircd tha; 
ruy "patimoont object vas She fe.toratton of 
tte Uciou- aid no', tha si/oVy or destraoUoi ot 
slavery. Thi.^ if 1 coul t aiva t'je Unioa ?r>th jn*, 
(rtcicg i-be r.iavcs 1 -»^i.:ld do it; t b a. t if 
I could tave t-5 by tresi.ig th.ioi all 
I wjuld do it; or. if b7 ' Froai-g 
a poriion aid leaving r-thei3 a'oje, I would do 
thai— ray sale pnrpaseb-Lig u sa-.-e the U.nio.>, 
i?iespectiv& 01 ths qu?ct on of sli, r eiy It is 
Irue lhat your latd t.nd mm-» is filled with 
mournii g; itat yen? fi Ida ai'3 iris-c'i^d «ith our 
ki d<td bloodj tha*. tbe war cmtiauaa to he a 
frigb fill drain upon tha res^urses, credit, aod 
lives of both teotio a. It ia tjue that tha viit 
wid horr.d srectae>e *f (rs'.itm^ strii'* wa »'e 
^i-iL+tijg *hoc>e the Cfci'U't^o. teotuaa^t 'oi 
the world. It is true tha> \i is nn v bsing carried 
on bj bosh sides in dkro^atd of all c'.vihzed rul^j 
oi wsrf«re. LM thess thtiga, and even worse, 1 
know to be true, and that th-jy will be drsad 
fully augmented, to our mutual ru>n, if the utrite 
is not terminated; yet I tell you that I will not 
even liatm to any proposition to terminate it 
that is not precedsd by au asseat, oa your pjrt, 
ta abas don slavery." 

Was ever man so incorsis'eat with himself ? 
Wjs there ever t in auy war, ar-sfusalto trjatfor 
ptace — for arreatiog the bheddiajr of blood, above 
all the sheddics; of blood r>y brother of Drothair V 
(Uaeers. ) U^dcr ail theae oiicupastaasea ooul i 
there be a refusal toina-ue. so re.>klesi*. so in- 
human, so barbarous? Thank God, Mr Lincoln 
wJl not always be our Preaid,6it/ Thank God, if 
we are now trud to oursolvej, his leass of 
poKer'ia ceany expired. T'&ank God, that 
a change of man and 'measures Bee^s 
to b« n»ar at hand, and that, thai ocjurring, 
lo such unexampled, unconaiitutior a 1 , Lnhummi 
a: d barbarous le.ussl wiii dishonor toa gsrerc- 
icent .Mia^uics, humane and constitational, 
will then be adopted, which, to the viacticition of 
our good same, will soon leid to a restoration of 
ti e Union, to the gatoering together of all the 
states under one government, uadsr one graad 
political ed fioe of whose arch PenEsylv&aia a3 
f.'om tho first will again form the 'Keystone. " 
She has recently demonstrated that that ia her 
firm, her seuLd purpose. -We know that Mr. 
Lincoln's unconstitutional condiMon will not 
tben be ex;cted aaau indiapenaaijepne to peace 
We know that it has bean strongly censored by 
rrany of his decided 'supportera. ' No one dis 
likta slavery more than I do. No one would 
rejoice moro to see it constitutionally abolished 
No one mora devoutly wishes to aeo the whole of 
the race of man free. (Applauss. ) Norisa^y oie 
more persuaded that ths extinction of the Last; - 
int.on woald result advaitag'seusly to all, and 
especial!* white men, atd the white.men ofthe 
Bouih. But I am net authorized, my oa'hfre- 
qu;u*ly tukan ta'sapport the Co£8ii*nti3u tells 
me tha'; I cannot lead t»y aid toward the contin- 
uance of this war until the states ia rabellioo 
csnaenr. k> aba; don slavery, if it can be termina- 
ted, afd the U u ion rea'.oied fey other meaas. 1 
would have jla'jery abolished bycKstitutloj^' 
amendment or by sta'.e action. Bat 'ifwaither i. 
due 1 w fil id to believe, tbe Uja->nj{8t3rid, thai 
the ic ttttutkn cannot for many years longer ex- 
i-t Tne present war, brought on through the 
ambition and the arts of comparatively a very 
lew 1 outturn men, aided br itu oourse ' ot c fe'.v 
nor'h^ra men, haij given /, * de^th-btoiv -cer- 
tainly hay destr ycd tcreve-.-,. lot its lorm»r pi- 
l;tical pOK'er. 1*3 spitad bsyond whit aril 1 bs i:s 
limits vyL' n the Uoioa is reiored ^ill be i-iipos 
s>ole>. Ite fate, therefor^, is*" doomed. Even f 
the mild hut poweitul itifluenoe of our ijhnatian 
diarensation shall tail to tsrvvua'o it, a convic- 
tion wMch must soon fast-in i',gaif uooa the inLid 



of:hs 8-iuth of the superiority ot free, ever suve 
labor will lean tj that result 1 ^"Tta.-fcdvoo&tes ivere 
impressed *>ith the opinion .thst the world was *o 
ittues'el in tie p^culiir prouuetsot^the South 
which could not he prc'due'e<~, >s taisy 'aasertad 
bat by slive labor, that however it might. dslika 
the institution it would 'yield its opinitn to it* 
love of g in aid rush/At oace to the sippor; of 
the rebellion, although its govern aient' vyaa 
shamelessly aniouicfd to h r-.T«-;fcr.its very cor- 
ner stone hnrnan slavery. Sad, 'indeed, has been 
their disappoiiitment. 'Jfhey*iui>''jet nnrecog- 
nUed. Thiir agents, though assuming 'ha part 
ol embassadors, have bean aeon -during the oa»t 
four Years hoveiirg taionh4» the pu.rij.ras 
of St ' J^nes ' " and *' Si, ' C!oad ia 
vain, wlile their -^ sub— '^"•"■es have b5«a 
ustlesaly seekiB/j, through tu«f' portion o c the 
fore ; gu pies? (ound wiljlau; Ut^hcrterf p^soience 
for gi Id, to b.'i'g rcooftntiiCB BEra^T^St^tii n?, 
b- en in vain. Tbe rebel gof ernihent ttill stan i 
aloaeaaong the-family' of nations, $0 ei.igr 
one, amall or great, will acLait it to feHowihip 
Cotton, »he rebels findi ia not king. (Caeers 
Nor ii ihis a^e of the world can mere matera" 
wealth ever be HTg La*, crrler, v rtu», duty 
performed, oaths observed, manly industry and! 
enterprise, liberty, and the dnventive sre;iuaj 
which ever goes hand and hand, with her, nlftngj 
the land ar.d ocean with, their triumphs, and J 
detero; i - ed res ilution of a 1 "people" to stand M 
their nation's honor and life— these *ill ever 1 
the king that a virtuous and Ghriatiaa wor.d trill 
alone 1 eco^ cue. (Loud ( hearing. 1 . ( 

Gehtloxen, so far 1 hive sbokeu to vou of tte 
ascertained ssd results 1 of "Mr; Linco.n'a presi- 
dency. Let us bov B03 what cauatervailiog 
bepefitahave atteiaediU What progrsss has , 
beei. mafie toward tiie rettota(,ion od the Union, 
the object deciarcdhy the conyention that.nonu- 
r ate d Lim , by Cingress, and' by hiaiael^ toy 
the aele object of the war. ■$■■ ._-.' ,. i '"'' 

Has he eliected the return to t».d" Union of a 
single Bta,U? Not one. Hjs he acquired thy , 
confirJerce and won the affections of tne people j 
of any one state, or even part of astate?" '('"No 
no.") -V<e ■ know he has not. fl'& ■ 
policy made that impossible. . Has he .ok- | 
ta;nid a permanent and safi foothpl-d cea | 
iu any portion o'f any' single at^te? Has he even I 
rertaiutd ^ousessiou of jortioss onoa conquered 
by our brave army and navj ? He hasuot. To our l 
diohoror be it eai.d, he his not. Union men, j 
strouii in their aitichniaut to the nation's ; 
fl'ig have beea se^n to gatheraro. : nd it sheddiay 
tiara oijoy at tbe bjlief that they wo>ld be uadtr \ 
itsiermw-ent viotectioc— h^ve, in more in- 1 
stances than o-je, been lef., by its withdrawal to 
the cxu'lties of the merciless foo. ("Thai's, 
so.") Over *nd over again has thi3 occurred 
in M'ssiuii, Tenneeeee, Kentucky, ML-sias'ppi, 
Louisiana, Arkansas, Alabama, Texas, and 
Vhgiuii. (Applause. 1 la portions of Arkansas 
£nd Lou siana, aUezuptsthat would be ludiicrous 
bus for :h6 gravity ard importance ofthe prino 
pl=:s iivclyed, have been mads '0 orgarize state 
governments by force of tbe ha* one', and, ia a 
gr-at k eisuie,by tl e votes of aoldiiw,and almost 
u aot wnhia tae sound of rebel guns. Uidur 
the lesd cf an attache of the Pros^Ueu', an efl'urt 
ws-b made to the same end „ia Fir rida, that wa£ frl- 
lowed by he defeat of our a-.-fisa'jd thesacrifiie 
of tlousinds of lives of our soldiers •' Shime!") 

A pre olaxaiion of aiaueaty and for th-3 ra or^iu- 
iz-iiion o! Uia slatef, was issued by tan Presideut, 
uud received only with deii ion and contempt by 
the rebels. Aid en its fac3 it was so anti re 
publican and to teuded to increase Mr. Liucoln'i 
power atd subsei'vehisre etectior, 'hat Congress 
at iis recent aession, attempted -o de'tat it b 
]tgi lation, e.u atLrup'i which he frustratsd b 
rsfus'rg lo Bancticu it, for ?vhich he soon after 
ward rece ved a deserved and severe oJhjiil r 
bilks lioai M6s.-rs. Wade and Dayis aichurrne 
respeciivrlv, C-f the committees of thst- 
Homos, who hid h?d tbe chcrge of the la« 
'Te:-it!eoen ofa&ihty, perfectly loj a' ancLluif 
eniial u?erib ra o'''his par ; .v, 

Aikan6as, UJiutr the authority of his asm 
edict, woi^t brough tho fcrm of a state org a 
lion, elected a legislature, appoiatsd s\ 
oiii-ars, acd chore t*o United Sta'es ssnito^ \ 
The.'-j Lst re-Ja^red to Wan'ri;ngton, applletf^ , 
tbtirntats but were defied theai by a vota 1 " 
u,oai. unat iiaous. Jjooiaia-.a has tiact pursiea, 
ex is abiat to pursue, tie same courao.. uai is | 
sure Jo rv-e-t With tbe a^fi fits aod aiiketate 
w)ll atterd Ter n«8: ee. Neither A- drew J )hjoa, | 
Ahrahi-in L'ne!>lJ, tor t v e tsro unitid. ciacia- , 
ti-ol the Se.ate ofthe United SUtes (A )OLui«e 1 

>ia~3 the Pita. dent sucned*;U ia d*ari(iy''!ig th^ 1 
ar'wd feropa of ihe rebels ? The country, 10 it* : 
cost aed s-orrow and mrrtificiliou, kuowemat h^ ; 
h s uol.-(app aute, ) Au sroiy t"aa ; -, fro ndrsttj 
li»t, rjiun/ lbe» p»8' six months numbertd 
ri.orf) than ihrcabu(.drud ihousa.d uior, !ed <y * 
li-3ii»r btiinJing high in 'the conffdCBce of '.lie 
I'/csdeu., has ailed to di-t;ers<\ much Irs 
to dea^jroy. the rorces of Geccr 1 Lee aad is 



now apparency fdjjher fotn the eup->'re o f I 
Richmond, the object of the can>pa ga 
than MeClelUn (lou-J che r.s) w„g who-' 
wish the aid of V-i/. John Porvr feasors),' 
and of her gallant officers, now dianai-wed or la i 

SPEECH OF HC^r«gV£RDY J0HS«jij£ 

OamttMai"^ from tlio First Fa-ge, 

eii»« t^use dfcey w«/c his friii'ds. on t*.o lao 
c<4iil.T,'6* > he fought tfe* bv;tie of Mswarj 
BU'- achi«*tng a victory B..»sa.'p.ss3ffl »» mtiitarj 

"Jiaaury, an-<t woec. i! his y) u f/a, cvef imd ov^r 
'aeatf, lay reii"o:--ie s,c.ct,i a*d 'levoj. aaavcrsc^ 
aa »ti:j might oiv« b»ta fcc: fo_- a ea «urdly »-5*"| 
iu: wviild i»nc b*ea »bh io fcavs Uliuwtii it uj 
(!»!,.» ftigibi or the 1'iALwrv cay wi'-s the-cajK'ire 
a'Rchosio. Vt.o La could LiViS doae U he 
"kid hid but 20,'^iW .vd.lit.uSAl troop?.. Notaf. 
cfhceai c» tha feeld who wie«ms<1 ; .he deaitiM-Iaio* 
til'eet upon tlh-e foe of jhat victory, th.-a, or no v; 
«!o«WstV'«. ' (Lcjtd *ip c 'l^as^ '.Ccuree cases s /ue 

s«u>»;Mta«i. ) , j 

11' a e the l']vsi|i<--.t p:ot?cted ti«: to, ul bU^.hV 
3(a- be always hesii '.he i:>pitol itself in -I'.ie'-j e 
V*'i-M), no."') ' flt?« age-.a we' Vamw to ha-i not; 
•flm-e iiiaea have PV-iSiylvanii s«a feLifylaid 
toe* a invaded— taice hfca the e<gSitatcUy 01 eaoh 

'" fci-e»i r«"Ech«4 f oai tie ravages of t-'-io fo>; by t'le 
ckunoiis A) my 01 tie . Put Isaac, or^av-.>ii:s3 &y 
SlcOUll'ti*, (-.beers) «..»d made "irresisithl » wtva 
sttcoiaa jb possibly li property led. Up-aa the 
-fk rpA occasion, uuiik:.- the so30BAS.:ad of Geaar^l 
il'-Ckliao, o» trii second, of hlei'le. Oa 'ihe n\>t 
• tke «api tl was in ibe sw,cs< inrstineot en', aad 
B* ome real zp.d t; more tbaa t'je'PrewlenU Thp 

. -usly bopo cf saviu,! it was t«Lrough the Army of 
"the Poioxunc. P^ufa'a nojx^tijiioy had caiadd 

' B»ch park cl" it :.B-Uici b^ea und'r nLj couiinini 

' to bc'dofcita'd.ajidl they btd iretursed to Washf 
iigloo diupirr.ed and disjrg^uJzodl. Jit wa3 cb-^ 
vicob to vbo Pr.tuvifiat skit larther Jiaiitipr, e\?ea 
Ui« tapture of iho ri.pif.al> was iBevi'rtble^ uale.18 
the aiiuy cjaJd ba brought a^ain under the al- 

ia flespar ho w-^-s BOHCi'aa vo take c juioiand, ana, 
ji postilttle, iave Alarjiiii<i, fennsylva-jia, ta-j 
Waabiniitan. UaVi»nod. as e«er, by patriotic aad 
nneelfitb uiJiivcB iu tbu prCaaacaof h,.r. c juii'.ry's 
honor and dan g«r for^etsicg the Yroags th*thad 
bsaa dons him oy the P.eBiient, and tca.:tiag ti 
je£6*»eJ .pledges 01 cjoiidoaoe aad uupajrt, ha 
cttarfu'ly asccntjd, and as wad anUcipiUJ by 
tlboes whin inew th^ t'-'OOpS, tbcu- spiiits iasia.nt» 
uj eoosly r*viT>id— diseinline took the pltto<; of 
ooeftiaioffi, and canlidoaco of despair. Mc(.'l.-1- 
lap %4 the e&ruesi. liiiuidnt ali-jf ffard, aa ni^h 1 . 

- T»«kB setting ia., led thim from the p/tsinci of an 
-affrighted Pieside.it and Cabinet amid tho 

1 »h««rs of hia men that made the very ftir'-vocal 
with the.'r soujnd, aad wore recsived aa tk9 'Cer- 
tain harbin^f r of[a coming viciory. (Troaiendoas 
•bearp.) On the second oncation Meide, njtt 

■ honored throughout the Und,led ttieui to another 
(loriouB viator", ajjain resulting ia tne 
rebcue of Philadeipbia.riaUiMore, uad Washuig- 
W», ftJid causiog tiie Uciit of the adaiin'.a'.ratioa 
1o " h*al j»i'bou. al-uvu. (l,»pLvUae ) Oa tha 

1 irat ocea3JOia, the vxigenay o/cr, Wasiiagtoa 
rzscued, the President aad cabin jt iu sat-;i,y, 
iho hofltiiUy to MiilJieilan waa revived. , Ril'.ing 
hijar^y oi> the Larj-enneo. bit.ie-lield of in- 
tittam (applaus'Oj viaiiing fcr blaokj^a t) cover 
ibem, and for sbooa to protest ' their hle^ditg 
fee*, th«^ he miglit better <? !• inDafs ii - . of the roo, 

. lOoiupialflita a'.e lirst arlaispereU, then loudly prc- 
<;]ajinedt in bdniinistra^ou circles, and. ye, t'ie 
Pieaideijt w.'fi airaia or sinvyiliog to ati'lce. Ob 
Toriaiitted him to led his troops air-m the 

. .rVMnaac to ai»i-ch in search cf the' enemy, 

. and just fcs he ria« t'-joaL in en gaga iu batile vvi'.ti 
ityerj prospect of siiea»ss,he was mos- ULaouuri*- 

1 oosly dfpnvel of his ooiii'&oad, u.n.1 orderol to 
hand it over to Oaaera' BiU'JsiJe. Waa. loll Owed 

- «r-di*0!ttr. The arony wai defasied with feirtul 
slaughter, and cothia ; gt.iu«d, Buraeiie thr:.a 
»8ked to berelieved.anu r.q le.t^d thit Hooiter ba 
daaiasodthe suvic :fo - havi.)g,aah6 a'legid.bEftn 
juiliy of* gr'ias vi laUou uf ciders. Tne Prct- 
iitut, t>s Burnaiao i,;si.ided belo'e the CctSJimttue 
on the Conduct of the war, said that it oujit 
»■ d shoe'd bi> dona, bat i> r i i„io noxl day, tua'^id 
oi d4ing iu, Le pluc j d tiiat ofbjot 

• tu coEonoand of the avoiy, add toon aitir cam 1 
1 ~*Jie jet more disastroua ana alviioit fata! dofei^ 

• olOhancilloirBVille. Bu; to proceed. Xhepnia 
orthe'invftoions into ilaryland and Ponuaylvaaia, 

• tVom wheh ihey w'cre'so Lobly rerjcuea by ilci 
Clcll&n and M«ade aud tita Army of the Potomac, 
it waa Bupjoacd would bo a sufficiant yyariiing U» 
induce the Pieaidcnt to guvlrd agiiiist theif rc_i8- 
iiu<,n. It waa thoaj?.b.t; tu-.it ba woold no v ac "011 
the advice of HcOlelUn— advice given early in 
Aid eomaaasd, bnt' r:j'c(ed by. Gen oral Balteck 
fcveu with a dmcourUons steer — aud erect forti- 
fioationa on the lint of the Potomac! 
End thin been douie, tha lost invasion of thoaj 
■UUtu could not have cccuired. But it was no! 



«teu«. Al 1 , aa at ilrst, was le't u 'guarded. In-] 
compatuat officers ( whose u.cosup :t mcy had lieea 
ttfo.ro remonstrated) were from time to time 
placed in command in that locality, and aa all 
reasonable men in aad out of the army antic!-* 
pated, nothing t;u( di^grajs ensued. 

1. Tha defeat at Winchester, the flight of fie 
army, and the loss of millions, and million 1 of do)-. 

- )»ra' worih of warmatenal. * ' 

2. A third invas'on. "' Ths flouridhing town of 

- Oh&inbo tburg was givea to the flames in re -j 
talatKiD, aa it waa said, (a barbarous excise/ 
<«r outrages of a liki description be'bre parpe, 
-iratcd and without rabuj:e by a general of thai 

- President's selection. " ! 

- "8. BaHin ore and Washington were onoe mo-e, 
)>l&oed in imminent peril. The sound of the en-! 
ttmy'a guca almost vibrated through the rooms ot 
toe Wills House. Millions of iso ey would not 
itdemify our citizens for the losses sustained Sy! 
that invasion. And ao hiug 13 more abjo'utelyi 
true, than that it ia to be ai-ciibed exclusively 
to »he gross neglect of s. " President 
who Is bow being ' supporisd J for re^ 
©lectfoa. As eoon as thi'j 'last effort cf thai 
Ttfcimy caaoe to the knowledge of General Grraui,' 
that officer took steps to preveat further dua3tar.l 
Poliijcal and abol'.tioh'ginerals w^rt '2\t 5 J ! e '-dj 
hr him. They were relieved, aad the acmy 
placed in charge of a young aud accomplished | 
officer, and the rasult has bean that the ral!eyj 
cf Virgkia, that had bofore been so ofi*sn the. 
accne of our dishonor, at. once became the scene: 
•f glorious victories— th« last, to hia especially,' 
tie moat glorious— that have won fot tha youth-; 
fol Sheiidan, his officers, aad me£ an ever-' 
•ndurisg fame. (Loudcheerbg ) Hoy diifereut. 
•are these victories and that recently aohieved at 
Mobile by the unsurpassed skill and daring of 
Parwgutand his command (cheers) reaeived by; 
the fiiecds of McCJellau; and the supporters 0:' 
Mr. lano*ln. Whilst wj ha ; l t'iiem with joy as 
exhibitions of the valor and tnuxph of our arms 
and aa tending to tha defeat 01 the re Oellion^aud 
the restoration of the Union, they seem ohiefly 
to value them for their supposed belling oa tha 
presidential contest. Tney are laboring for the 
iio, Hf. laaoo'n. We 'or tLe couatry and the ' 
i»t'g?iti ol inatiuutioaa that have m*de it '^hat 
it recently was, iha freest and one of the hap- ' 
ptea', in the world. ("Chsers )' We suooort Mj- 
Olellan beci u?e judging Irom lis antecsdents- we 
feel aisured that he will" maintain those ins'itu- 
lioxva aid restore the Union, to use his own 
words "at all hazsrds." iL^udcneera ) 

But to proceed. What saocea3 has Mr. Lin 
«arn achieved for us oa the ocean? His failure ;' 
"there is, if possible, more complete and disheart- 
ening than his failure on ths laud. Our cojimer- 
cial maiine, that before his inauguration covered 
"every jea, proudly sailing unchallenged under 
the eaf> guard of the stars and stripes, is no v al 
most wholly driven from that domain.' ( • l'haf s 
true ") More than ose thousaud of our 
ships we have baen compelled to 
*ell to foreignera because our flag ftu-n'.chad ro 
'protect. os, but on the contrary is but th» incan- 
iive to the pirate's torch. Tney are nowtrav- 
firj-ing the c cean with American freemen aad 
property under :he shelter of foreiga bannei-s. 
Home four or live small ])iratical cruisers have 
beejn periaitced to give to the II jnes hundaeda of 
our vessels, and iu some iaataioas on cur own 
coast and almost witain sight of our cities. Tne 
insurance against war risk ia now as high if not 
higher, than it waa in the war with England of 
1812, and rr.uch higher than in that with Mexico 
»f 184ft. What apokgy can ba offered for this ? 
Ko govei amen t ever possassad c ora noole Lr more 
^ceompiishcd naval office s, or braver or mo-o 
ikillful seaaiau. Nor was any supplied with 
such an unl'mited amount of treasure to iocrease 
i!S aaval eflioiency. Millions upoamillioas hava 
Pt£n expendtd for that purpose, and yet our 
njrjrcha-nta, to save their snips from destruetija, 
ortotiave them lia idle in our harbors, have 
to en forced to dispose of them to al.eus. i have 
uaid that our offioera and men were brava aad 
v uh <?>«"a.) Is it not saf ('Yes 
Yes. ) When ia the anaals of navai 
warfaiw were thess nualiti^s mo-s Htrik'ae 
fy exh.bilod than m Dopont's v 0(0/% 
aJ Jiallon Heaif; (eheew. ) .E?£er 'a c-ptu/a q, 

the A^t-ita t"che«iB); Winilfiti'a dt.trttfelWB 1 * 
«f ihs ilabaroa (lo^d. obeers^Pcrtir'B aammand,- 
o! ihe \Wes'e/Q tqnadion, ot i*tfragut'a suceea 
at ^6.• Orreaos (olwBra); sis ©nisire progress on 
tbe M.'Rris£ipp : ., aad tiis rwent a'd, v poss bli 
y«'l iKire gl riooa ("Oiiivefiaew in' ttfob le h«y? 
(S,..'.'\».i .beers) We know, io<i, tu-.t -or »ja'i J 
OftBerr, 3s iateuignni a->d entt rp/iskg u.3 aui 
id. the >vurla v h.'.ve u-.'.'.r a dover us;ah saiiCiUi 
tie |iove: nai..Dt^o eufltr them In htu.i verse's *o 
pVotiiivt ihstone4ves, fc»d s. k ve iitiemtiou from '.)i« 
tsii'hoDor of bcifli* <Jlr>vt,n hrona toe oicaa. 11 uf. 
i'tii t,< lititatroo >n-; iu v.rn. -^ke fe* 
buccan=ois ' who 00 old et-sily • aave booi 
captured or deiUrsytd if tho 
the- r»fr>'t-nts had tess 
bteii sufficed a i'h :•.■,-: us; peefcet iniptttit/ t» 
" lu " 'he flnw. sad fu: vf,r\ rpaUl tad ■-, aat 
c.:nngu cur c-hi»s to destruction, till oaf oouj 



reouest of 
ranted, have 



rcen-ial ma-iie taa feteraily almost c : as?d u 
~tiif.t. ' . ; 

1 li-.ve thus placed befcre yot grounds e.cou^l 
fvi' i.p'ooHJBg J?r Liirc-iln'ft ro election AdJ 
fe-liii.: g ote or twr> that 1 have thus f.r oiiitei 
(omrwfi, Ittme b'irtiy rtcapitulate tbeai. Ii 
the 'oys! .''a'?/ wh."c thp courts were op«r> -:ni 
the tdmit.iscati-.L' of jnsii.«e wss u: obalruo'/jd, 
be ■'..'.' 4tnprisoned.tr 1 ulF*i-jd to bairp-iso'i^d, 
th&'Js'«u<(s 4(i ci'iieus wihoa', explanation; rie 
ikv-jitd V'c._.. fnr zr.cntap, reiu^iug to bri^,^ 
ih.'m to tjia't bOigffl ' any triOrjnal, ai( 
then difich-rge-i tbun without redreas. He hai 
bufftiedtir agj'nta to supyrsss htnijreasof bowb- 

E'if.t-1'Li m lr. e sam;; f,ta',ee,- f >r 30 other imasjina- 
ia ;:tasoL. thrin b;c»n..e thf.y published articlai 
d.-s-ouEcing his adniir.ii.-ratiDl;-. Iu cigh'.y -tiv( 
ins?REces i'. isnscer'ai^fd that this was d^n-j bl 
hisowu immtdjate orrier or subsequent a^jr-oval 
Ho ba^ anfftred chjrjjlifiii tobs «l>sed, and tVii 
P*T'orn to bo arrfsted a.d lmnriaojed o:ly te- 
cacEe ihey did not jray sptcially for him H< 
has bufl'eied to be isaved and eirfl-rcBd, and i^ 
Kentucky and Maryland dirosMy apu;-,ived, 
t rdrra uiad-or which the mili'r.ry * gr 1, as 
ly intafered v ; ith the freedom of electiousj 
He has fated to restore to the" D-^ion a sing'.* 
s"ati: or a raaterial p:rt wf any state that vas ia 
reaellion on hia acce 3iicn to D0W9r. He has con- 
stantly, to the incalculable injury of the country, 
appointed as d kept ia important co mm id d 3 ofli- 
cfro v;ho weio grossly L.peiiipsten*. £a has is- 
terfered, with m:st caU'iiifo.ia rca-iltr, with oar 
B-ilitary campaigns. He has auffcred our c;m T 
mercial marine to be driven froa the oceaa^ 
He has proeciibed oflocers of admitted tbi! y 
and perfect patriotism, because th-y were 
suppo:cd to be ftitndly to McU!e!'"an; (cheers,) 
and not to approve his policy pr conduct. He 
has violated the Constitution by his 'abolition 
proclamations, notivithttanding hia solemn 
pioaia-- to the contiary. He ins violated it by 
his amoesiy proclamation, -and by his X«fusiag hii 
ai-ssat to a law passed by the l-aat Oongresa to 
guard aganot ccnc-equeices whi-.h his " ftieads 
corrtctly rb ought to be most perilous as well si 
il.ega). Ho bag failed to protect the loyjl ata'«a, 
aud by Each failure tubjtcted th*m at three sevi 
eral periods to the most dsfitructive invasions; 
He has .suffered tha capital itself to b3 
plact'd at Ihtte diifewnt period* in (hi 
gtea'estptril. "fte h-s, by nla policy and conduct! 
so injured Uo i^ the estimation of i'ra ce, thai 
Kapolaon h-s seizeuiiilc hishEnda Hnques4rin6dj 
tte destinies ol a neighboiia^ republic, acj 
placed on a throne cf bis o^n cr.ation,a i.-iouifcn 
be'ocgiug to the 11: 06 1 despotic family 01 KuropjJ 
and -u ih.sae has abandoned the uni'bra a'tt ; ^d 
p. licy ot h:s piedecessors.' Ia pa'.pab'e violauoil 
Oi law and tec recoiUed opinions of Washington,,' 
JMli.is.-r, pay, aid every (utornay-gajjaal tq 
fthoDi il.e question ivas submitted, u&d to [ta 
great dangtr of ertiy foreigner amongst us] 
* hither naturalized or r.o;, without tr al 
or g.v.xg an oppotuiity for trial, in 
the cuse of Arguelles, on ths request 
cf a Spanish subordinate, h? haj delivered him -*o 
the tender marciii of that official He ha3 cauj*d 
the cumzcy of the couLlry to be.;orae in a great 
me* su re vahieles» aad what i 1, if ootslble, still 
worra L^an aj), w, here tbtra waa division in tua 
Houth he tas produced unauiaity, aad where 
there wa • urarim/ty in tho Jftrth ho has pro- 
duced oiviaipn. ("That'B so", applause.) And 
lastly, he ;s eetkisg a re eke ion by the rr.osi 
uns;n-.jHibus ond uaex.-mpled djujj of pateja- 
a^e at d poaer. 

Ho rot all these things dtmonslrata Ju.i-iut« 
unQlr ess fcrtlic Presidency? (Applause) 1hd 
most that auy of hia tiieiids have said as to hia 
fitnest is that he is hottst, as if honesty was 4 j 
rtre a'ttibuteoi tce'Amerioan character. (Laugh- ' 
ter. ) But his poa»e=sion of that quality ia uot; 
odmitle-d by all of bis supporter*, jaesais Wade 
and Davis, as chairaen of two comaittaea of 
Corp-iesa, in ibeir atauiiesto ot the 5th of August 
last, chaiye him with having commUted"'(I use 
their own words) a " studied o*t;agV on the 
legislative authority of the people"— with hav- 
ing: "czeicisid a dictatorial usurpation 
in Louisiana" — as holdiog, by hia de- 
feat of the bill they refer to, tha 
electoral votes of the rebal ttates at tha dic- 
tat'on of his pereonal ambjticn, and that his-con- 
duct in this reppect may cause "civil war for the 
pieticeniy." If Mi-. Ljnoola is a svje mail, he 
cannot tut ec-o that 'those chiige3 are we 1 
loundcd, and if be doftas he perteveroaia tbero, 
what haa he of honesty* Is he rot satisfied with 
the blood uo/7 shed, aud b-ins: ohod, in the South- 
ern States? For the prise of the presidency, ia 
he wi ling to extend the anea of the frater.ial 
slaughter? His aseooate in the Baltimore nomi- : 
nation, by his recant u Hilary order relative to the, 
election in Tertesstc, pjaioly shows what hia ob- 
ject Is. Under that crdorno elect jrs can be chosen 
who will rot support the Piesidejt and himself I 
Has .Mr. Lincoln repudiated the order? Haj he' 
rebuked its authoiV If he has done either, the! 
c;/uplry is not aflYiajd, of it. Oa the contrary, 
his UcatEcent tho other day of a commit-! 
tee from that state, ytho handed him a 
lespectful tut ' c^uvduBive ' protest against 



it, soliciting his interference, snows 
that, to accomplish his selfish purpose of a re- 
election, he meuos to avail himself of it, and that 
his purpose is so earnest that it eaust d him to for- 
get thut a President of the United States is bound 
at all times to listen to the complaints of any 
portion of the people, and to listen as a gentle- 
men. (Lend cheers. ) 

"And yet so palpable is the usurpation of that 
older that two of the most respectable of— tha 
jourrals of his party (note h»ve approved of- It} 
have oeioucctd it in no measured terms - the 
Spri: field Ii^ulUaan, of Mis aohuset's, and thj 
2iew-Yoik l\ymn,trci\tt Adwticir. fa gpeakiag 
ot it the former says; "He (Governor Johnson) 
has no mere right to require an oath 
agairst the Ckcago platform than one 
against tee Asten-blv's c items a as a 
cond tion of voting in Tennessee. Jt is impos- 
sible to say one word in justification, or even ia 
palliation of it." ' And the latter, quoting the 
ahove, approvingly adds: ' 'Mr. Lincoln lacks 
the courage, evtu ii he hud the dispDsition, to 
repudiate the conduct of his associate on the 
ticket ard to unloose the fettered ballot 
in Tennessee:" And finally, Messrs. 
Wade and Davis state ,4 if electors 
for Presider t be allowed to be chosen " in states 
so organised, a "sinister light will be cast eathe 
motives which induced the President to hold for 
naught the- wi 1 of Congress rather than" gov- 
ernments of his cteatior. If these cpn6UTea are 
just (a d what (air mind can question theaiVland 
thero was nothing more tending to the game re- 
sult, then even the quality of honas'y of pur- 
pose, the only one that any of hia friends 
pretend to claim for him, has no fouada- 
ti<u iu fact. (Applause.) But there is 
other master. Look to, the degrading fast of the 
unblushing manner in, wkiah he is using his 
power and patronage to secure the presidency. 
Not an effice- of {he government, from tha hi"-u • 
est to the lowest-i-not a contractor, great°or 
?ma'_l, »ho ia no*, with hia knowledge and au- 
thority espiecijed or implied, leeiei upon pecu- 
niarily to accomplish that end. Even th'« medical 
derartmeiit, whose sole duty it should be to 
minister to the wants of the sick wad wouaded 
soldier, mid whose compeusat;ou b barely suffi- 
cient to eflord support. are mulcted for the same 
purpose? Who does not know that conduct like 
thie, ,u ihe early and puie days of the republic, 
would not oily have bees denounced by a uni- 
versal and indignant public sentiment, but have 
been punished by impeachment and dismissal 
froniolifce. (Loud applause. ) And it is now not 
pcly degrading us in our own eyes, bat in ihose 
of the enlightened world. I m'ght prouesd and 
give instances almost without number* or" the 
at nit? description, but my hjart fa'li ma. I 
trust, fcrour count.- j'a safety *.nd hoaor, that 
erelong iJie mernoiy of ail tbe;e disparagire 
wd degrading acta will be lost a^jidaj the geaeral | 

. J3> ola retired' Cai«B---»^*ca©»ed prosperity 
' au'j an hcnt'ft and elivsred pnttlic 0;mi m 
' Eu t to tb&t ejo there muat be aoh&tg-:, 
a: d ber 1 , leivieg Mr. Li c-do, I procwd tia 
fax Eif : rw agroeftrj: c s n».j ;c». (Lauf^fci ■. ) 

Can we no^ efker, a ehasge V ( 'We 
wi'i. ") Is our uitiin si to gone i> it-i 
prrgnfs to run, i»i w^ieh it is ■ teetDg le i, 
tha,t ita fata cannot be irres'ied ? I ean&texHly 
ihink ihit H ia ia our p-owus to arrest 
i'. Vv'c have lost huiidttdn ot thousands 
of cur tost men No«h oaci South. We have &adl 
kculca'el in tht siiiiiiis of the p*ople drsngerau-J, 
p. laical h>: re si ps. WeJ have had tha political ar- 
Eiospheie tiiuied by dkbonest djictrinc and 
] raetiOA T-*' J o Lwwc cottivcied s. fcMc-f eAOKaeu'! 
am*uit fVeoMiu aw. wot nspiralllei tna^- 
■iiiud' - m: have, Ly a su'to d.v.1 ' pokey 
picducesi «. bta'e cf -'■ x.:iii|-j b ty-jem ihotvn m-o'» 
none oluntiamji lei &-;ria.oiiy. Bu^ yet all ia 
. ol kst. Ou_- Kctources ur;i i.till a, ton d s ut ; 
ocr * --'-e' r.ritfj as gr-.at as ever; out, Koral-.iy, 
ihf/og'a no v in u. measacc " djrma'V, 
as pore as W5-8 that o2 oej laihSM ; 
mi ):< botEs LtcUnas, whatiV!"" way 
u--:\i nite*. tie. eye, thara is a4 heart, it omniit b.s 
o?bei'w!fe,as dei.'|) ?n ifi'.ctio^ fo? thj Unioa. &$ 
cojiia. on v^ide ia i^a pat gloriss, achieved uy 
c.n>n.ou vnkr, a f-jud levtiteice taf ifee jaaAO-; 
I r.ea if >> j>» eat ' coamwa aacettry, Jjesi<i2tjAi;, 
I rerqoird, utd tlu.kor Hiil, SiriiogaJ' aid 
Ycikiowu (loud chters), iheae all appe-ii 
lo us in one united voijq ti staid to- 
fceiher sgjin us our fa'-hera tstood, should^ t> 
shoulder snd heait ti hctu't, and ti. live as th-y 
h.tdjund dketts Vbey d~c), tha inheritors of a 
cemmon iitedoro, protected ry liCDaimon gov- 
imtii:t, uvd gluijirg ia the ua aa /_'iv;a>. Lkrfil hal- 
kwed state ard ihut cohered and chcere't taoii 
iu ueir i'ii_>i oi trill, uud bltisied ih*on wit.i itj 
tkd ai.d btairy i. ilutj.ee in the last mjmtnta of 
i: '. i tt. y OBw;ili llj.sr, tn^n, is thtS reuniia 
el htip-jlness (.nd deitiny to on ai-'Atuad? I sa.y, 
in nil ihe suceuly w^h which humaa Lpse.er 
f poke, tha.'i. 1 believe thuy can be a r ,Eai-icd by the 
eke lion ot MeCleila-'. (.Chesis.) Be has the 
capaciiy. the patriotism, and the virtus wiieii 
ti.e -ji'eui iaik requiret'. (Lou 3 chcsrij. ) 



Gttnlemer, I will 'not insult you or him by 
slopping io refute m da*-8ii the zuoieroas fals-J 
a. a cuiuiiuJpus aciusatitus of winch, eiics hw 
liJininLiiioj:, he haj bcea fhe of jcCt. Lj has 
beev. charged v/ita actual ireaton— with traison- 
al ly syu "jaiiis'ng wiib cur southern brethren — 
witn the want of any capacity— civil or military — 
with cowazeke (derisive l.uj-htsr) — uad witn a 
purpose to suriendcn. tha Uaiou. 1, 
lLUbi re mfficiert witij all honest men 
acquainted with his bis:oiy during tha pendency 
of Yhe piteeit war, to rekr to tt at • hi;t iry, ita 
luliy pro ving thut ti-ch and fcvsr/ oae of tfcoge 
chiiTgcii is abioluk.'v faise. Whose skid aiad_ 
vakr rescued West Virginia from the tread of 
ihe He. and achieved 4 aucc^asion of vic- 
tories thit eltesiiiied eveiy lo>al hea-tV 
Mc<j;tlian (cheerti), _wb°. because of thOBJ v.ctoi- 
lii'S, was called to iVpahingtca to o-.-gaiize ui- 
ciscjplintd iitopii 1 (Ohe*rs.) Who brought 
ihein, ^s tie aimy oi toq Po:o.aa~ t ta a stilus of 
ditcipiiL-e never excelled, ana iiajiii-ed them w.th 
a courage thht Lai 'm&ue ' ihbio, i?hen kd 5y 
con petOLt ofliCirs, the vic l or3 oa evjry fi^ld 
wbeie victory was pos. ib'e to humaa tffsrt? Mc- 
(Jklliin. (theers, ) Who commanded thein 
in , ihe ttviru' ..(Lye' terrible bitlks of 
the i'fiuniu.ii. (Cheers ) Who was it 
ihaini'h :i skill n»'fe.' surp<i_atd if equaled, 
i'< ei.ui d liitui Iroii the dai geis oi that caapa : :;iu, 
a ' cr.ir.pa pu onW nneucceesful bf cause ot a 
watt of ilr. Liacoln'i prjmked soppon. Who 
tificrtraid, when bv the la'^miazge^an^ of their 
the n lCwcnt koder ikey w r :ze dciuoia^zcd, in a 
bp ; i it •:■: ptu'j f airitftiBm at th-j tolbitatioii of thi 
ticii.bhuf; Pteaident at.d when apparently aH 
Was hst pkeed himstlt oacs more 
at their bead, undiinaUatly reJucei ihea to a 
high Dlaio ot diecipiu;.e, and coade them onje 
mere Snvuci'fleV McOIellan. ((Jheers ) Who 
ltd Ibcni tir'.hwith to battle aLd victory at Sjath 
Mou'.tein and Antutam? (Cheers)— the sume lead 
tr. What was ihei thought o; the ao» traducf d 
ikCklh.n? He, received the ttaaks of the then] 
commnnaer in-chi-:f, laJe k.ufthePresideatjaiid 
g! Ocngreas, expressed by each in tor_s as 
feticBgnSvur lacg'ttage supplies. In July, 'Ok 
Coi^itcs uj.Biiiu.oualj thanked hina, hia cttisera 
ind; a o'.d:ei*, " for the rennt'briWlaist victories 
oter ihciihels in R'eaitin Virginia." In May, 
'ijir, " lor the display ot tho^e high military 
quslities'wfiicb Secure iiu;.ortant reaults with buti 
litUe sacrifice of human li'e." Who,: 
with a full knowltdge of his entire; 
coijuctia bis Virginia campaign were, or pro-! 
tctsedtobe, his triends? The President and' 
Secretary ot War, in terms of unstinted eulogy, j 
did h,m all honcr ana assured him' of taeirj 
pertect and coiitirued ctnfid^nce. Ia a letter, ) 
recently brought to light, the authtniicity ot' 
which his not been denied, dated the 5th or' 
. July, 1602, the Secretary assured him of his un-* 
diminished friendship, saying, (I -use hia owh 
words'), ''I can only say, in this brief moment tha 1 .! 
there is no ca> se in my heart, cr c induct for the 
eki d that wicked men have raised between us 
for their own base and selfish purpe a;s No man 
had a truer friend than I have been " to you, a->d- 
fchaU continue to be." (Ls.ugh v er. ) Was the! 
i etittary-aincere— w;ll aey friend of his say thai; 
hcwasLot? lie mud have been. To suppose: 
oil erwiseis to do Lim the foulest wrong — to charge' 
him wiih a duplicity that, if true, no language' 
c< uld too ttrtugly rebuke. He must have been' 
j siiicire In aus'wer then to all the accusational 
I awaits' McC.^lIaa I appeal confidently to his ' 
I whole militaiy caater; to ihe unbounded c^nU 
| dercs of his troops; the dally observers of his! 
conduct; to the testimony of ihe commander- 
.ir.-.chief, of the Secretary of War, 
the Freakiest and Congress. Acd for the' 
faa.e puipose, ii.d nith equal cQalid-iace, I 
eppet! tohia Bani.on' Landing letter to the Pre- 
sioent of Ihe 7th of July, viz.: a ieiter preg- 
nant with wisdom, and demonstrative of uudy- 
irg devotion" 1 to Lis country. (Cueers.) He his 
been unjustly censured for writing that litter, as 
if military commanders m eveiy age had not ad- 
vised their govern men to relative to meas- 
ures calculated to affect the object 
of the war. Tne writing of such 
a letter, instead of bfticg otstrtuive, was a h gh 
duty — tud how dread'ul the calamities that have 
resulted from the President's disregard of its 
advice. It may be suggested that the Presi- 
dent's nimd was afterwards chinged, and that 
he lest the confidencs he before ha1 in McClcl- 
lan. ilathisto? Do we not knojv that this is 
net? His late postmaster- general, ia a recant 
speecn in New-York, lef'erriac to McC'lel- 
lfin, stated "that the President held 
him to be patriotic, acd had conoer 
ted with Geaeral Grant to [biing hicn 
again into the field as his adjunct if he turned 
bis back on the pioposal of the pesce Junto at 
Chicago." And, in a subsequent speech la 
Maryland, he reiterated the statement, lUs M'. 
Montgomery Blair since denied or qualified it? 
Ho bas net. Is te aikamed of integrity? A ! l 
who know him will answer res, beyond ad 
doubt.- What he seaerted wus'a fast, that he 
uicfe6sed to knew, ard had eveiy opportunity 



oikcowitg. As arrangement, he tells us, was 
mede between the Pi esirent and General Graot 
to bring MeClellan again in the field as his ad- I 

■B B ^i'if nd ?***¥ was frustrated only because I 

McCUlIan refused to say that the people of the ! 
country, if tley desired it, should noi be permit • 
ted to vtte for him as a eompetitor 
°lv. Ut ' f , j t - c °J' 1 lor the, presidency. 
What couid be more unjust to the 
President than to auppose" that at this period 
when our army before Richmond is relied upoi 
to strike a blow that it is thought will be fatal to 
the rebellion, he would, even for tha Drue of t v e 
Presidency, place an incompetent soldier ia an 
imporiant commana in that army— a command 
second enly to that of the eommiuier-in-ohie' » 
I have refriiiied only becauue I deemed it a'to 
gether unnecessaiy to do more than deal genei- 
allywith the charges a^aisst our ciodldate. 
One, however, has bsea made that with your 
permission I will more particularly no tic It 
U that during the battle of Malvern he"took 
refuge on board one of cur gunboats in the Jamis 
river. (Laughter. > There never was an alk- u - 
Uon mere tokily false, and' those who make 
it and who have read" McClellin's repo-t 
nust know it be fa'se. hi that raport, after rs- 
ferrmg to his purpose to make a stand at Mal- 
vern, and to his having gma Instructions to 
General Barnard "for postiog the troops as tae? 
arrived," he add*, " I again ^left for 
Malvern soon after daybreak, accompanied 
by several general officers. I onoe more made 
the eniire circuit of the position, and then re- 
turned to HftjtalPa, wheuee I weat with Captain 
Rigersyto s*J*ci a fiialiooitMjn^or «Ae army wid" 
i'8<t»/fots 1 returinito '~^alven> befjie tie 
te >joib fi.Bhtirg comMncedv e»«d aitar riditi^ 
a'/Org ihe'ljKi. a,a,I (J'tjing .most Ciaae to be 
•luxioua abent the rfglbt j^asceai^'thit vicini- 
ty." Bcw faU, lffru^, d:es ihiasti'.amBnt re- 
t'afe tb e c&'ub.ii.) ? Duakj ons.d vubt iU sratti? 
Hts Capiatn Utcsks or iny general offijer o! ibu 
ai mj b en ap jfied'to t* Eaaks ftaod ths ch^rse, 
ci has any one of thea» e? : disho'ibred hUnself 
as. *o aVempt itl rfqi 1 ' onf.; • and yet 
it the '"aie of feta report ..tsUb-kshmg its faio-.- 
huod the charge is pc-sistettly arid Ciluau»ious : .y 
adh. red Ut. (A voice— "That's all they -have to 
say.") Again, Mc.'Jeika amd his f iendB are a-- 
cur?d cf disloyalty. I eisdiiia is viad'.cate uuy- 
fe.f. 1'Vom the naOBaeinS the rebslho* 
coaimenced to tha cresent di.y, 1 
have entertaioed no thought bat 
of .'cyaky to the Capstitutmn, aaa no wkh but 
ftirtice reatoraiion ofita authority over tie en-' 
riie laiid, (Loud applause". .Thrfle cheers for 
V~x. Jvbnscn ) Audin an hnwtbla w*y I have 
dore ever i thing in aiy pow«r that ssemed to me 
»o eot*ribotfl to ihVt end. A^d'happm what 
nay, 1 ttail rever :der<pair ' of its accom- 
piii Lucent until alt; hffljie is .'lost, acd 
will then )ameat"'\iii- : a» the most faVii 
cat:a(ro.be f» Miisslwa-aid to -cuaBtitutisisi 
freedom tkas. the lBeaoily, -imbecility erwicfed- 
Kersot man can prodace. And who is such a 
tool, nr worse tti*n~'a.-ffoaI, as .ta- iiapu' , .e did- 
loval'.y to MjCkJlan. 1 '- -'Every thing tnat ha 
has said cr dotte.^inde ' "-tbe- Rebellion be- : 
e~w. ham the peikkf that he- thiilied every 
l«ysl ijosi.m with kdlaligb^ by Ms tr-uxpts in 
West Virgnic, to tbe. writing- of. hw Jet -,e; of ao 
Cf),,taace rf the Chicago- nomiiafion, is reple e 
with loyalty. Waa he d^k>al when haaehiesed 
thr-Sia victy rier— when he '.{ought ihe sev^u diys 
ba'tlew of the Peninsula— when he wrote his Har- 
nson Lanriisg letter— when he "von the victorias 
o> South ilouutaiji snd Aiitktim', when, en tie 
older of the Pre Biden" find without amomwl's 
hesitation cr •*"-» if coaplaint, but with 

patriotic oignity , ne i uiTcadersd thfi command 
o! aa ihj that bkraijy idolized aim, and, 
lastly, vchen he • penned his letter of 
aectptaace. The battles .be fought tell 
of his devotioa as wejk ' a3 his skill. 
Hs - letters are in the saoje spirit; I giro you a 
sfatmceor two froaa each.,-.- In thai of July 
1802. hesajs, ''our ciussioiuBtieverrje abinaon- 
ed— it is the oauaa of free-'4nstiiutions and selt- 
gcveirment Tbe Co^8^mioa' J ^a3Ld the Union 
must he preserved, whatever ia'ay be the coat iu 
U2.e s treasure, and' blooi-i" ' (CheeTs/) "Lat 
nenber military d.safite^l^grpoiijioal'fa'j.iois 
shake jour settle**' >pu*icseVvto " eifarce 
the eqna) opera ion of the jaws =*of the Unite I 
blatcsupon 'hepeoj.le.9reve'ry.ata»'e;" (Cbeers ) 
In bis Iotfcr «f iLcceptaacfcofihelth of Septem- 
ber, 1864, he slates; th'-t'Thfi-'edfeeVof -hia * long 
and vsr.cd service in . ftea^myrfuriiiif-war and 
p tce.hai been to strepgthemindmakeindeliole 
(his) Kind asd heajt.-^ha^We aid revereace 
tor ihe C^ion, ^onsMt^ftbd,, • kifg and 
JJ-tg ot (his) coo-ntry,'" impressed upon 
bim in early youth,"-'- '(Cheers ) " : That '-the 
je- estab.^bm. nt pi the UjtSoa'in all its integrity 
id. and must continue M-ih'si the iadispeus'able 
coLditionofaiiy settfewfiit-.'i shac "tbe Uiuon 
mnat be pre:eived atallbazird^"' tha'. "to psi-e 
can bepeimanest w'ftboHtUiii3j,'^<laud ca'ers) 
end, wi h toe sv.ni ;■ aid " & i 5 fU> us (h 3 V : - difi'ereat 
tjom Mr. Lmecki's doctriasiT.Tid'praa^ice) te de - 
clsretl that ' the r gh? s ■utt', the '?citizen3, aad the 



rights of law, a-.d the bi&iiag; authority cf liw 
o-tev President, amy/?., and ' ;p«opl3, a?e 
subjects of not .- •'■'■.' lejji ' ,',:= vit*l importance 
in war thaa in" peace." (Cheers.) 
W ; tn til this evidoS'pe;-befoie "'the pualic, no 
tnc, who is not wholly lost to truth, car. ciil iu 
question the loyally of MaQhllan. Indeed, 1 
ought to ask yotr forgiveness Jbr noticing the 
calumny at a:l. Mia lepori.of hBTmihtary oarear 
has loiig been before thapubiic^and those who 
have rcwd-ife, a».d haYe-InVe&ggfoe and honesty 
e&snct hivb foiled to see .that there sever lived 
a moie skillful, fcccornjlisied and patriotic 
f oldier. His hear, is in the.oause of his country, 
and be strrcd ter with a zeal and effectiveness 
dfseivisg 01 a(l Di-c'.se vdtil th8 r 7ileat persecu- 
tion to t*bich a toldieit'.w/a ever. "subjected drove 
him from the army, ^'dwfceniweknow thai, 
in nd<JilioE to every other hi^i -qaality, he is a. 
nfinid and Ciirittian*" (jeatlemaTt; • (easera, ) 
is it possible thai an intelligent pejple can hesi- 
tate a moment in preferring him for the presiden- 
cy, to the person who 'riowy Jto our imminent 
aaiigei, occupies that staftcn — a station chat de- 
nands for a proper discharge of its duties, and 
particularly at this time,' ihe greatest ability, a id 
at all times, (otherwiBeitia degraded) chistoiiasH 
of conversation, grjivity' 'ofdeppriment, cour- 
tly of manner, an"3' -digni^f of chaascter. 
(Great applause.) All of "these" we kuon 
we wi«l have in "McQleUaa. Will they 
he bad in his competitor? /.t$t* those who kao^v 
Lini best tnswer. Gentlemen. 1 have detained 
you loDger than I intended.-' V A few words more 
ai;d 1 snail have done. You must be satiaikd 
that our couttry ai.d institutions are iu the 
gieitest dsngrr, and that theie ia m 
leac-ml w«»y of saving- them than 
thicugh tfce ' ballot-box. That must be 
kft ftee. If jou are worthy of the name of 
Aaerictiip, ycu will not sutler that to be denied 
toyyu. Should the miliar; be used with tha: 
view, ycu will defoat it all hi^irds. Such inter- 
ference will be unmitigated tyranny, and if it is 
ruoited to, you will let the woild 
fc/ow that although "with the elder 
adarns, you aie the frie-ids of a 
"righteous government." you will, as hs did, 
" t lny in puhliciy avosniug an eternal canity 
to iyianuy. " Your maihood, your djsceat, 
1 our love of litsrty, ma'tes this an imperative 
duty. 1 am sure you will not fail to fallal 
it. (L.ud cheeiiog. ) As you appreciate the : 
cause cf oonttuutioj at government- as you ' 
regard the gcod opinion of its friends, 
who, in every part of the world, are 
intensely laokiig to jou, for its vindication- ts 
ycu value the happiness of the generations who 
are to follow, I invoke you to rally to tha polh 
on the 8th of November, and there effect the re 
stilt whisb, wh le it wil be a crushiog 
rebuke te the men in and out of piwer, 
who have put everything iu paiil 
fiom s^lGsh and unpatriotic motives, will, by 
piaci,- g the executive authority in the hands oi 
the ir.ttlheent statesman, tile gaitint and accoai- 
phslc d Headier, the umistian gentleman — Geo gs 
B. Jlc'/lcllac — reinstate the rights of ibe s'.a L es, 
acd of the people; and, at an early day. rostore 
the Diiiou, ann lead us on to a deatioy evau 
more g orious than it has heretofore achieved for 
us, i Liud and continued cheering ) 






jzmmn im m\m.m> 



GiasJ-ATass Meting of Bankers atid 



" : m 



^ Merchants in Wall Street. 



BU&iMSS MEN SWifPiaiS ItiHiSE I 



I|i5 Comoicsrcl&l Interest Dfioia^ito a 
| CSifige of fiuiieirs. 



TP IM161GAN EL&fi I'OBiilB^CAfl SHIPS 

ESoqueat Addresses by Boo. S. J Tildes, 
Btoa- James Gallatin, H )fl. Revesdy 
! A Johsscn, Hon, John T. Hoffman, 

audi otbdifj. 



Ac., 



&c, 



A Tesy large and enthusiaatis meeting of war- 
efc&ata and bankers was h°ild yesterday after ; oon 
at the corner of Wtiil and Broad atreeta. Three 
stands, decorated with the America i flag, were 
erected, and met tings were eoI only held airoitad 
these, but teveral othera were or^acizad im-\ 
prcmjjtu in the vicinity, so great ?»aa the asse-m 
fej«ge, wfcich numbered ae7eralt&TUsand3. •' j 

The meeting at the piiucipal 8Ue4 s f&Ct.Ag. 51W 
Uhltid States Aaaictant- Tfefcaurer's offise, was, 
called to order byM". Benjamin H Field, wbej 
Mminated Hou.'" ianies Ga'latiti to presjda. Ha; 
w*s eiec'ed unanimously, and addreaaad the! 
.ftudituQe aa follows:' 

SPEECH 01' HON .1AMES qjJ-TATjIN. * ' 

liBacHAnfs of N:i7? -To^i ; U'e a»<j .iaseui'iieii 

hut tc-day t-j giy^ expression to our desire fori 

the tliciics c*' UcoigeB. MoG.eilaii. (Okserd. }■ 

Thi> n*Te points out to jou the means by which 

iocs cat maintain yeur liVerties, restoie the 

' l?'nioffi unaer tho • Constitution, and prsaerve our, 

laterality. We s>r*o told ihat, in the niii3t ofi 

Mtsatiue tioubles, we rnuat patiently endure 

r. strain - b re huh, in more peacaiul tia;es, would be 

regarded as the most odiyus tyranny. Bui is it, 

ugh;, is it jass, th*i in tha loyal atites, where 

fectivelostdUiea do-not exist, to impri3 3n upon, 

meie sutpicion— to coaddinn wilhouttrial— toj 

punish A neric*n citzaua, without ail u'disg tUooi' 

a- opportuni.y of makiag a regular defetae? 1 

taua to trarupla upou individual liberty, on tbe 

inaj-.a*-y of the Jaw, aod tfie sa'aguirds of public 

freedom? Such siretches oi abaolatisn are no 

repugnant to our conception of right and 

Uw ti'at few, 1 am perauad^d, wiil be dlsp03id, 

lo admit tbe justifying plea of irresistible ne- 

cer-si'.y. (Applause.) The people of the byal 

. stttea have furnished the. government with all 

" the meana heceaaaiy for projiculiiig tiia war 

w»th vigor a&d i.bcowjs. The g-,. at. want' of our 

ci'tmtry is ordiniry ioteliig uci in the men at 

tbe, bead of pnbhs affairs. Our brava sailors 

and poldiers have done their duty nobly and 

matifuily. Ibis most wiok:d lewuoii would 

long;B!*ce have beei crushed, bat far tie jo- i 



oampfitency or our puciic men. aria tbe rrighttul 
abnaes and coriuptioiia that have baen tolerated 
bj ohr rulers. 1-OB.uEot d83«rtbe to yon the uus 
ewineiis and anxiety which exists iu my mind in 
reference to the condition of our national fioaa-j 
cesi V I look with dread a dalarito our future 
financial situation if Lincoln should be re- 
elected. But I will not now occupy your iima 
by duelling upon this aubj-ct. I bi,ve a*'.i a 
great deal on tbe finances of the couiwy, 
-within the past three years, aal recarSly in 
»n adurees Ditore tbe Dezcocrat : c Unbn Asaocia; 
cation hvve exprea^sd tbe op'ioion tiut "if an 
i^'hosiinous peace be forced upoaus, lt^srillbe 
Urom'tne mitsaanigement cftbe tiaanees; 1 pray 
a merci'nl provideaca m^y avert such acilariii-! 
iy,"- When I look at the political henzaa tie, 
proapect eeeros awful and gloomy to a degree at 
which the beat men must bbudder. Everything 
i i turbid and portentious. Icdaed, a blacker 
cloud never hung over America. I nave, hoir- 
ever, the utmost confidence iu our <;rdat aid 
good people, whom nothing can diye.t Irani a 

bt^ady "'''" * 

aad 
yjg ■ 

ana'tneT'iifa will terminite' gloriausly in tb 
eieo'ion or General McClellan, and that pe'ce and 
ptoiperity Mid again bless our uaittd country.' 
But ttliiie we are usiffg all the meaaa in our 
p^er to attain these ends, let tis hunbly om- 
s»it ■par righteaua cauae to the graati-'Xord of thi 
Uaiverse, to the Supreme Uis^os;r of all huina^ 

ivtnts. (Applause. ) 
Mr. Hoaea B. Puikina thea read tue following 

tt t.f orhcera of the meeting : I 

' VICE- PRESIDENTS. 




fiL'cm H. Aspinwa'l, 
ten 3. Cisco. 
filhsm B. Astor, c 

ttmr Loi'ii.Urd, 
k2S«;Il|l W. AldOp, ! 

'mca StDkea, 

■ ub«a Wi'JiirH, 

'•l9«n G Ilaut, 
1#3B7 J. Gardiner, 

ioiics AU9, Davis, 
■ niAi iy,e 

lis/y d. etoae, 

■Uiiaai Poller, - • 

5 j al -Phelps, 

awa-'d Co'ofter, 

^JllviTaB. Uuacaa, 



Xtoxiiai Aridiews, 

J 4e so £iyce, -' 
C. V. A. Schnjler, 
"W. 8. Ccr?iin, 
. Jsmdsb KoDkEKoa, 
-• Ji'iq'c^ Olwell, ' ■ 
VPUliim Kab>ie. 
AltretiiiJi Pinlaeer. 
RobeitL. WnMcTd, 
Wm. W'uUtack,Jr 
Jotic B. Lawrei ce, 
8 Baifchilter, 
■J kiBias F. Yoojig, 
W'». Bale, 
George". Gre*r, 
i Wbj. H.Neli«scn, 

<«eo.W. McL:aa, 
i ti. J. JH.Btxi.os, 



Charles A. Lainout, 
John S. Bieoiiir, 
R, J. Hantar, 
B. It DiDlee, 
Jdhn T, Agnew, ! i . 
'hurlta C. .fidey, 
SamaelCanlfcer, 
H»rTOy K-Sune4y, 
ST. W Chiter, ' - : ' 
AfiJ/efl S. Mount, 
B. 8, Btit'oa,- ' 
£ Imua.-t £1. aniKisr, 

William | a. Back; 

BdL-j. E. Field, 
Aliart Eavatttayer, 
Saaiael G Wheeler,' 
B.. A» .lohnsaE, . ( . 
«sa W. Wylie, ■ ■■■ 
aJevnon B. Jarvl?, 
B. IS. Earl, ' - ' 
Diniel w. Teilar, 
•Tohn J. Craie, 
fciUia Pouvers, 
Ezr» R Goo'lridgs, 
tvid Watts, 
Qswte^aa Uesaeabers, 
a.P.Piltot, 
Jtseph Fataian, 
Wm.F. Be«nes, 
Flatcbej Westray, " - 
Jo'">n Cms well, 
\. Da CimD. 
Preemm P. Woxibary, 
L,sray Niohola. " ' : 

SECBETAKISS 

IJjdiJi Curpealer. 



B-ESOLOTMNS. • ( 

Kr. KcLeon read the Jollcwirprasslatloria: 

fietolvtd, 1, Thattliemerdiatita ol'iJew-YorkjIici-'ii 
asbtmblid, pleige themselves to toe support and iii-' f 
Ifetee of <he Union aal Constitnti.Gs- 

Eesclre4, i. That the Union muit ba preserve! a; 
ail bauaeds. 

JOsolveit, 3. TJiai the Constltuiioa must h3neato.-ea ; 
to its enpreitp^y ovor ?realient aud pjiple, as fch<i 
*n)y fafsgnsrdol'life, liberty, iind property. 

Bttolwd. 4. Tr at the war should ha conduced on 
th^ principles enunciited by General filcOlsiUn in his 
t vl Von6j-ori3ers, report, an I letters, and especially in 
the fconcludlug portion of hiarepart, ani la the Har- I 
ricXHcr's Bar leiler, and that tlie eword In the haud ot 
ja;tic«3 should be wielded, not wit'a vladictive paaslon, 
bat vilih di the force necessary to compel sabmisslon 
to vioit'.ed law, and fahoold be Biioathed when aver tha 
triumph of tha 1»W ia seeu»1. 

ItJfitsolwd, B.l^at we present to tue brave ar .ny and 
B»vy o/theUniteJ Stotsa tho sratefol ackoowlsdg- 
niejlteoftht maiciiu.'* of Use Eaipif e Citf, aad thit 
Yte Ir-ok io thenj »5 the light has} oi car foituie Fr«- 



Bl<f< at, in tts sorf of psia:rving the Uiloa ted Ooa- 
stitnsiru 

Se*6lsi&. 6. Thi", ti: mv&ciil and c jinmiidil n 
teresta ot tha ooa^trs denned & cb-agu la the snini- 
tesratlon of our pnhljc affaliSi "' ' ' ' ""■ 

Eetolved. t: Th*' tha'ponsy «H£r, Ii'.iol^Thlsh 
isfiiuts on the prosecution ot the war for itha abolition 
of slavery, &ra ret usee all negotfatlosa for Unioia a d 
peace aatil ia&t abolition is psf feited, ore>eiitd t > as 
alntaie olii.t;rmin3ble war, oparisaive dehu, llaan- 
elaJ di6U'efe,comaerf isl embarrasameni; atd m hope 
oi pi-eoerviiig that Union to whish we pledge our on- 
alierat le devotion. 

Kesolved, 8. That the administration of Mr. Lin- 
coln hae not commanaed the conn ieiice of tha country 
by ita dviloi militaty policy, and that it is only na- 
csssary, in troof of this, to point, rkat, ts tha depre- 
cated tid fluctuating chwraster of the C2rrar.cy, to 
the instahility of all business arrangements, to the un- 
inUllisihle !>nd cont-adictory oninUEB of giv- 
er^nient -cmciila otion faxaiion, licenses, aad 
other quesiions rianig under the teveaue laws, 
and to ine fa,ct that qur shipping trade la" driven 
to seek the protecUon of foreign nwf8,ao that, where- 
as for the five years ending with 1881, tha toeal value 
of ^oo<3b carried in the loreign trade ot tMa dty 
under «he American flig was over $1,000,000,000, 
wl'lle ihe total under all foieign digs was only J-014, - 
0CO,COO, dtnjig the last two years only $234,078,811 
have been earned under our flag, wbila 
J669 386,224 have found protection unJor tha 
flig oi' aliens, and fcr the laat qaartar of lad-3 
the Sotal foreign trade wa3 J104 933, S11, of «hiA hut 
til, 966,646 was carried under the flag of the United 
5tat*t;; aiid, sscojd, to the factfjpai oaririai.'a hive 
brieninssifared-with, generals hi?e basn reouvad 
z st d sppcuited for politicil re&sous, tie m li-.ary policy 
has been made to supercede and ovemie th3 cl*ll 
l&WB. and the gratd truth tjiat ths adm'iiii^rition has 
Wholly failed to reap tha fruit of the victorias won by 
cur brave soldltrs on ao mapy holds, and has no', &nc- 
ceededinpacrfylngany portion 'of the terrlfccy wa 
havec cequered. 

''Eeealoed, 9/ That in George B, McOMKn wa 
recoaiiize a pitiio 1 , a,iid a soliier, whoae chirautar 
stands tu *boya ali tiia aUacks of elaader and milica. 
Thlli hlfl brave and sue i.easfnl. career, twica sivin^ 
tho nstlonal capital, and ilw^ys victoriooa, ex;ip , 
whei imteifered wi'i by the adminis'ja*iion, gives the 
aesnrauce that ha is tho man to le*dour arsis? to 
victory id the tkld and ourciu^try to union ani paace; 
and that we earcessly a ivocate the clssvlon vf Ga^erid 
JHcOhlian' to the presidency,' as the tree and only 
method o f saving the nation iiom des.ru: ion and pre- 
serving the Union. »nd restoring to comsnarca and 
biiaiftss of ell hiuds th-it securi y and orosperity on 
Welch tie abili'y of the cqti- U? to sustain Ksalfmusl 
tlf?6ia depend, ' .-.'•,. 

£P1£KCH OF HOK SiMUIil- J TILDh?. 

Bon. S. J rild6n w&anext latroducai, aid 
apokeas f-ijlowfi: ' . , 

MBBCHAHWbr N^W-Yobk: I expect to iina 
QOBB^erabls diiiicu'ty in addt-easing you to-day, 
o^ing fo's v;ry 'severe influenza, but I am not at 
liberty to refute to parti lipate in the patriotic 
■'eatiaentB of the couimertial and busiaeaa me t 
uf New York " None in. the vast exoanse of our 
c:unti-y have a oeeper or a stronger interest in 
the pre? ei'vation of national unty and c.njiiti - 
iional Uhexty. I em gkd to aee men of 
wealth, men of vaa\ property, man ot 
great busiaess re^uirerxentj, come here 
to- day to join with tha iudus'iriil cla-saea 
of oar civy to h'.lp save tbe cauuiry— Ae prue- 
lees' inheritance which wa 'received from our ta- 
tbtra. (s-polaaas. ) Gangsmen, time woui-i 
fail rce acd my a f reui>ih wauld ftil, to rev ev ttie 
cven'.a which have ibaraetei-izsd tbe, adaiiaia'ra 
ticmibatnow conducts the affairs of our soutit; 
'the errors in the civil policy, ia their militiry 
ayatem, and ia their fininsiil adiinw'.iaiion, 
that htve brought our country, in spite of all il- 
lusions, to the very verge ot raw. Gsntteraea, 
I know thi tan effort ia being made to tidejoi 
over tbe election by holding out filae, fallisijUS 
promises of results of Mr. L;n.oij's elcot.on 
("True.") You are to be dece v<-d by the Bias 
polwv that deceived some portions ot our fellow 
eiiizans into helpicg to elesst him beto 4 e. A-t-i 
when once the election thai! be made, for t ji? 
long years you must eadura the ciatn.^aa hi 3 
re lection will entail npoa jou. Wua, is the 
difference between hi3 position and that ot .,y. 
eral McCUlliX? (Cheers for General dcileliaa.) 
Resident Linccln ia wdli»g - to negpbite 
uilh the South; but on whit terJisV He 
will nefeotiaie : only in case to.e 



r i'0ESDAY, WU;V»ER 1,1864. 



1 ;.'*. i ' jr-jir 



fcj-sutb. will emancipate the negro B held in slavery. 
When the South will i gree to come back to uaoi 
the old relations that existed from the foundation 
of the government, he will turn them off uaiess 
ibev will carry out hia scheme of negro philan- 
thropy. What is Gener&l M;Clellai , s p-ssition ? 
He makes the Union of the states under the C3n- 
s*ituiiun of our fathers the sole condition of 
future peace. (Cheers ) Ha puts notMoj bifoi-e 
the Onion. (Applause 1 Mr- Lincoln puts his 
crude Echemc of philanthropy belore the Uj.iou, 
»nd ■ happiness of thiny millions 
of white cen upon this conuaeiit. 
Gentleman, I am no more a friend of slavei-y 
probably t"3an Mr. Uiciln, a3 an abstract 
que stun: but I deem it to be my duly a A l 
think -j ou will deem it to fee yours, to treat it as 
a praclisal matte/, in its actual eiiitin^ reli- 
tion*. Sup-jose when we had tine controversy- 
with England about the Trent two j ears ago, we 
had got into a war, aui by and by there came a 
time when we should negotiate. Do yoj. hK^ 
the House of Lords K pCSifi) Dj tou thick 
it is a good institution ? ( " No, no. ") Wou'dyou 
huve sail to England, ' • We *ill no, ne {ouave a 
peace wi'hyou u'sdii you abolish the House or 
Lords :" (Laughter. ) Or womd you have sai 1, 
"That is your own business; comeback to fair- 
commercial relations and we will strike haiid.l 
and be friends again?' -(fpP lau 2e-) I know it 
is said that the jsalou^y ot the British aristocracy 
against the American democracy was wh-t 
bfought us then to the verge of war withErgllid. 
But would you on' that account h .ve si d we 
must extirpate fne British aristocracy u.s tha 
cause of the war? Would you have re- 
futed to neeotiate ' until J the British psr- 
himent shouli declare u iversal suf- 
frage among the British' people who symp.-.th-zs 
with us — the common people of England, Ireland; 
aad Scotland, or wouia you have Eaid thit iasy 
saould manage their • aff.,irs in their own wa,H 
aad we will make peace with whoever ia th-i 
world wiil tw at us fairly ia the relations which 
exist between us. (Applause.) Now.. gentlemen,: 
suppose you -attempt 'to carry ca your war for, 
aw object that is itopraot.cable. Your military 
'iKeasmesare buithe' meais by' which jou at- 
tempt to achieve tha 4 , object. Youf financial 
system is merely the mean j by which you at- 
tempt to carry out yoar military rn=a»uces If 
you unleitake to ruuuiietvaefc hn «*n society ov«f" 
naif a continent, how are yf.u goiug tu carry th*t 
out? In the first place, have you the physical 
potvti' to ocako sueh a complete subjugation ot 
the South as will aocomphsh that object? If you 
have nut, how are you go'ug to hold on this coa- 
tineat a papulation of eigh mU.icns oi pejpls of 
yo»r own riice, de cetdints of yoar o *n common 
parentage, the whites of ths Souths How are 
vou goi-ng to impose the laws of New-York av.d 
Vermont tipau Mississippi in regard io ths reli- 
tiona that shall exist betwecu a 
papulation half whitc3 and halt' bhet-; ? 
You must, from the verf nature of the case, mate 
relations with somebody or you canno; carry out 
our tysteni of government. The black rase, will 
they hflp y cu ! Can they help you V , Hi76 they 
any habita, have they aay compjfiacy tihe p 
yaucejry on a system of self- governm-.nt on this 
North Amerkan continent ? Must you no*, tb.eo., 
make your relations wi:h the white ra:o? 3iab 
you pursue a syeieui which by cjntisjati'-.g every 
man's property, besides ohangiag the so.;iil or- 
der, threatening every mi" 1 - 11 ftuai-sbe5 and c traitor 
with the punishment due t:> ihose ofltnses'? Can 
you recall the Souih on that; basis. ("No ") 
Gentlemen, a great man raid very wisely half a 
eantury »go, that tha rales of peaal lav/ ivere iu • 
adequate to deal wissh millions in a. great ci.il 
war. We must take a larger, wiaer, and more 
statesmanlike view. . I say now as I said before 
this ww commenced, that sooner or later, for the 
jurpose of pacineatiin you will be obliged to 
resMt to something of the«leaento{com?romia>). , 
You may fight four years longer, Oat still 
in the end you have got to haze some- 
body's help to enable you to carry on civil gov- 
eranrent on that,ioition of the continent. I Live 
juevw hoped that ia oaf .^itary auoceiJes, if we 



had tk«m, vse slculd active ^n> thing nwiethan . 
aecndi'ionof {bijgs in aiuh wa wrarisi s.ad '■. 
they wearied, we snould return (o the systen o:j 
civil govc/smeni undsr the old conatitatun of j 
cur fathers, under wbicb. we fought so loa?, aid 
from which th«y h*ve £0 madly and to wickedly 
depwtei. Now, gentlemen, wha: is the situ- 
ation, of these two gentlemen proposed to 
ycu as candidates in respect to this ? 
Who is the Ua/on man? ( "McCleliaa," choerd ) 
GcreralMcC.iellin, who places nothing befora 
the Udios, or Abraham Lineoln, who plsflas the | 
emancipation of the sl&ve before it? Are you 1 
wiUmg to Btake the priceless inheritance of a 
united country, onUcd under the system of con . 
atilutional liberty; are you willing to placs it 
upon the theGry of a chicnera th^it you u-iall t-,.ke 
jurisdiction of the internal aft'aira of these diatan*, 
aid remote states, anddeprive the white race of 
those states of that jurisdiction V ( "No.") N ; v, 
gentIeifleD,.lhatia tie exact question you have 
to settle at this election. I am hUlo 
able to speak to you.owing to a cold under which 
I labor, or I should desire to present more ' fully 
ihsnlrow caa this view of the subject. Go 
forwtrJ at (be election; give jour votss for 
Gorge B. McClellan. (Applause.) Yoa give 
them for the Union, for the unity of the country, 
and you give them for constitutional liberty t'j 
its remotest bounds- Gentlemen, merohaa's of 
Ne«- York ; one of your uu^absr, since I cai/iti 
htre to- day, has plac-fid in my hu,nds a record 
which, bumiiiaiing as it is, I mast submit to your 
inpptction. It is a record of soma of the ships 
of our own port that have sought i.efugo 
uider a foreign flag. Prominent among 
them is the good old ship United Stitis, oae 
thousand and twenty -two to»s burden, whijh 
on the fourth of July sought refuge uuder t'ic 
British flig. Another is the naraa of that dis 
Anguished mere" aat of Boston, A HOB Law- 
rerce. /nether, and it will call a blush of ting- 
ling eh»me to every Democrat here tha', we liv.s 
ui der an adatiristratioii go little capable of a;- 
eening the right and dignity of toe eoiintry— 
toother o f theaiis Aruliew Ji.cksoa. ( iippUuse.) 
Aye, the old ehip Andrew J?.cksoi, saiVng nn 
der the protection of that flag, figh'iog ag-inst 
Vihich your ffctheis and miae and your grandfd- 
1be:8 aadiiy graudl'atheire h^vs sealed in blood 
taeir dovoticn to our cjr-moa country. (A.i- 
plsuse. ) I see my teh6fs»Me friaid hiv*, Mr. 
Gallatin, whose father my f«.ih«r learned on to 
re. pecv-aman who administered the tiaan^ef) 
of our country in the etiujale wi.^i 
England in 1812 and ?8t5. fibers Gallitin, a 
nenie iinm«rt%l (applause) ia tiii hi3~.oi-y ot 
ihisccuatry, the dhojen friend of Thomas j.1- 
frrson, ^he' right hand ot Jaaaes Madison, the 
father of our Oons'iiuiion I see hita bare to- 
day, forgetting eventLiag but that he' is aa 
Aicerican ci'izcu, comiug among the merch*uw 
ot New-York to asiert 0£C-- moi-f. tha rights aud 
the honor 'of that honorable flsg that wavjj 
a\nive » ou, aiid points to the Star of Hop«,uader 
the guilance of M'cCJellan. ' (Cheers. ) Gentlo 
man, 1 casE'ol assure you of the future, Dut 1 B9fl 
maoy reasons to hope, ao,d to hupe Btrungly, 
that if you will ttdrf io the people ci ttia 
Siuth, th*t they have their fib.oiC3 
to ret ura to the o!d system o! gouernmeat, the 
old sjBteta of lelauons under which they aui w-s 
irpB^tred aud wo.e happy together; if you wilt 
holdViit to thtm tho promise of such a result, f 
think that j ou will lo'im a Union party iu tb.e 
Souch. I thick if Mr, Lincoln had bciei a wijo 
man and a great statesman, hs would have ac 
cepted teucers from ihem oi negotiitipn. if 
they bad oiiered terms that we coald notagroeto, 
t least the? woald have di-:c\osel what vojii 
have cs.mp.llcd ua all tc join s-a one maa ia sa>> 
port of tha Union and irie Consiitution. I f , o. 
'beoth'rhpud they wool t ha-a co.i-e n ick ea' 
■ckioiedtliaolJ couii'.o^ oi Vt\tfii t woTfa uo% 
we have be^c most i .'al to t ->;e p oi-i: d sucu a , 
i.'ult wi'.huusluitner caM-gcJ Genlim-JJ, I 
hiVe net ixfecicd that until thj lilasion of pip.r j 
roOte> shou'db-gia iobre<ik,»we kouJ CS.V3 aj 
u i e turn to sound Eentiiiiuts and a.c>ion ««i *«*° i 



p*rt of the people, surncientfy sirong to "iorce it- 
self upon' the Koverjment; 'VVLy, gentkm'in, 
there ara thase smoDgua revelling in the expand- 
ing v*lues produced by papar money, wajfiol 
vrjy much as a man feels undtr the influence nf 
censtantly increising potations of s'joog drinr, 
and who "forget that just as sure as the system ii 
continued, paper money, like stroag drink, eais 
ia (Hl.nuin tremens. I warn tuoae merchaiiUi 
of New-York who think thut the* oaerchandiZJi 
and prooerty will bring bettsr piio*3 if they l-!cj'. , 
Mr. Lincoln. 1 w»rn them that, bo 'Oifc '.hey ais 
dote with the sj stem which his r.:- election la- 
tYitably fasteis ui)on the country, they »fiil reaca 
a finir'cial erisis mat will tura ih; jprufnabie aa-l 
vstcts 1o which they Kok, itto aast audi hea 
in their gra;-p. l^t »S have no illusions on thiSj 
Bt,bj-ct. History is foil of recorded eximpwsJ 
I do net speak this from any feehag of partH 
sanship. 1 would tike Mr. Liacola U» J 
mnrow, just ts so?a" as any "body 
else, it I belioved ifl my heart and coaj 
tcifiice that through him we could work out the 
national solvation, (ipplause. ) Bat I do noj 
be.;fcveit, aiud how I am not oue of ih mi viiio 
are a'raid to swa-p horses in crossing the stftam. 
(LausLter and applause. ) If I find that l 
sm goi g under, if I tind that my hcr^e 
ca-rot reach tee Opposite saore, precissly. 
what I wJi do will be to swap him tor a younjer 
aid a stronger animal that will cairy me through 
in safety. Gentlemen, it was well-Baid by a dis - 
tiDtuiehed etci«in gentleman who spoke in tiu< 
c ; ty some time tti;o, thai, this idea came from an 
adiuinisb-ation thit hvd swapped off its 8ecret%rj 
of the Treasury, its Secretary of War, its Boi5 
niister-Geneia', the cammacder of its ar^i a 
tgsin sndagai..', and, letme add,thathas STTjppoi 
off one poiicv for another in all the dipartmant 
of the government, oftener than it has s^upp^ 
off the men who mtnaged tho>e depa.tmmts ; : 
vacillating, mderiBive-chiotic isdjrdaiasratioa 
tha*, according to the testimony of Mr. Se:retai 
Obase, has never held a cabinet couaul, evci. 
man conducliug his atiiiis ia his oivn way; ever 
jaan, as ihe Secretary said, the President ra, 
maikfcd, "mnuinj; his own ma^h^e," withoj 
system, without plan, and to-day thei^ is not «u 
arrong thsm who has any idea where ha i 
comfrg out, or whe'S we are cimvng our,, i 
we ti-ust to their guid-inc?. I happen tj 
ksow samethiug on that s^bject, I do not spcal 
entirely " at random Vhen I tay from fit bd 
pinnbg of this administTation up to t.-day, :he{ 
has not been t, ri.au in it who has hid an int jllj 
gjble plan which lie could state to em irxtelkgej 
m\>D, of ihe way in which it was ,-.ven prjbab 
tha country would be extricated from its diii 
culty. That is the admiiiistratiou 1 a:u j 
f^vor of swopping off. (Appliuss. ) I ami 
iavcr of putting the country once more u:ider tf 
guidar>ce of the party that give us Louisia. 
under" Jfcffirsoh's admiaistiatron, that gave 
Cali'ornia a r d Ttxos; thatha3 tl.vays been rfi 
ing that the boundaries of the republic shall 
enlarged, but h«.s never been willing to subml 
urd c ever ti ill submit, that the boaudar 
of -he republic shall be curtiiled. (A 
p'ause.) I am In favor' of takid 
as the ft -rloi-D hope of the republic, tha*; ataa 
&rd [that waves over us, anl through piftjel 
means, through nili-ary means, if neces.aj 
tli, oug'o whute\er means are necissiry — at 
events to beir it osiward until it shall wave frt 
the lakes to ihe gulf and uutil it SLallemb-j 
beneath iis shadow and protection a peacef 
happy, satisfied people, administering til 
o»n system of loonl self- governu.ent 
their own wav, everywhere governm:nt err 
on by tbe consent of the governed. (Applauu 
Gentlemen, wber," at tbe West, at the Chic 
Convention, I hatt the pleasure of a long: 
eurnest talk with our old friend, James Gush 
ii;rmerly secretary of the treasury, and had i 
thd opportunity of a conversation with W ill] 
B. Conne)l,ic-rmerly govert or of Tennessee. I 
the opinion of those men that state after sUte t 
the states together, would be gathered back ii 
the national ft>l h it we shoald hold oat in one ha, 
ihe olive biau#^ " the sayon doiv beW* < 



be ewers* in the o,th«r* (Applause.) 1 kaow it' 
Ion should ekct <Jeorge B. Mcltellau that he 
lih hive before tiia the most arduouB aad derh- 
nlt duty that any man ever yet had. I know 
|>at the Democratic p*r'y would be 
tetter off as a party, if it should a'.lov 
iboee who n«w administer tha gavercmen', 
is go ou and couplets their ruin, and then tako 
be opportunity of building up some-bintr alter- 
jrsid. 1 do cot fsrgei the stupendous difficulties 
-pa* are before anybody who shall attempt -to 
any od the government in the condition to 
Ihieh the adiinistratiun of Mr. Lincoln— hm 
roughtit; but, gentlemen, there is a. higher 
fons'deratioc, a higher duiy .;•-. it is to 
land in the breach, i ard we ot?e it -to 
lurselves, we on is to tie tr&d;tions .of tha 
bemccratx p±i ty and to the memory ot our gal - 
tsct and heroic ancestors. Mdthinks even cow, 
e our »r&iy has been lighting these bloody -bat- 
' \m— where 4o you think? in a iittle district -of 
(ouLtry less then one of your counties, almo t 
, Iqu-duttaot between the grave of Washington, 
/he Father- of his Csuntry, acd of Jetfarsoa, tha 
tailor of the Dt duration of iudfcpeadeDC*, anl of 
Jiadiaoifc, the author of the Constitution itself, ia 
Eastern VirgiDi* — 1 think sometimes 1 <:eo inm 
Ihe etherial heights that imi.oi-Utl galaxy of nea 
looking down upon xm. I see in the center the 
fihful lojiu of WajUingtoa. He vra'.chea aad 
£hey vjRtch what we shall de now; whether 
iihiu generation is capable of reacoiog 
lam peril and perpetuating what tuey achieved 
lei us fend trarsaaitted for us, In gen- 
erations years ago. Are ycu lit ; ia thia gen- 
eration tit to conduct and manage American free 
governmei,t on this continent? Jour ierdict at 
ihe flections will go far to answer thai qusBtiau, 
aidl say to you to-day, merchants of -Naff- 
York, who h-ive heard aiy voice on more thaa one 
l'oriiier occas'orj, upon trtis aubjec'., having ac- 
quitted myself at every cost of time and trouble, 
and of effort, of my own duty, I eUud free from 
Eelf reproach, if tfiis noble,immortal coun.ry and 
i s UKital Cors'.;tu*ioii thould go t) swell nh s Iilc 
cf *r. eka flat lloiLdowu tho t do of time. Bat, 
£e tleinen, it must ce so, "«e,'r;.ust, we iviJi, re- 
deem the ccuiiryi (Applause.) And at-> nv'X", 
week's elections we will proioujca tie verdict 
lhat i hall cor auttimtta tu ebjet so grist it.dso 
i.loi'.u.iL'. (OLce;s ) 

1? od. Efcavgidy Juhnaon waj .thea iatrjdoQ^ 
He spoke &* full aw a : 

SPitCH OF HOH. RSVtRBY JOHNSON 

In tie present condition of our country it 's a.i 
hen. r to be called upon toaddresa tha bisiditi.-s 
meucf Ne-»-York.-' Aa no c'a^s ia more inieli- 
gcLt 07 m( ro lict d by daily expertaaaOdp to co.ii 
jref end the n-3C8S8iti*s of tie i ation, sj isnone 
m-re jatjf.Ue, ui iLOro davoteo to ita trua .fttir- 
e?t and hotor. (Ap^lauas) Wton tae reb'al 
htind fired the first ^uo at the for rasa over rthioit 
floated our national bit.iie:% tiie business aieii ot 
your proud city &\ erica as -einb'ad aad plsilged 
tntmttivta to tie goveinaieni, tuut wnttsv-ii" 
iai^ht ba tie cci.t, iri blood or trfiiiurj, tbe out 
rage choulu tepaiiahed, snd the' flag, the ayw- 
l)0l or ur.iop, and with which so many glurion > 
iLCfitoi'sa were ataotiited. ah.uld oe vinaica-.ei, 
iiiiii), aa in the years preceding oar blooming i* 
ifctun, i: thoui'dwavo unohslle'igod_ o?ur e/ery 
po.-.tion ol Ihu laid v aod te tLe ii'-. ibiading ut n 
Ib.st VLlty SO vi'al to our eiiittjii.a ai 8 ■j..:»:e'ul, 
prcs,ie?uua and poseiful pcopl3. rhis pter'gj 
Saa Ceen mo: e taan redeem td Duri-ig i\e efc- 
i.ie prftiidenoy of Mr. Ltusoli y«a iu.ve ccn- 
tii'jut.'d in ucu avjd in money more thin Hi-vu 
kon T.os:etiLcd-whe2 te ove-rm Europe aul made 
mena;cl-'ies Lis tubjej^s. But with wha? resuUa 
hive ycur toble "eff.rts bsea 'attended? F.nit 
years are now Bta.ly at aa eud. and thi 
Union ta far, in deed fuxher, f.oa res- 
.1. vikiiea- -riwa- *t£8B ClTi" "struggle began- 
i;d 1 am eony to aiiy to jou tlae news Wj.s 
r-ctived here tc-day thai thelait moveme t 
or ths iincy oi the P<.i,oa:ac has proved a gnev ■ 
' ous failure, they h-ving reiireato their 4- nnei' 
aci,(ioD, gainiog ricthi.tg,aiid with a loaa oi fifteau 
huiidrud msa._. Vou ha»o an app.idiag arnouri', 



ototD", rot iess,'i£ n«>w Ur|«idit6a, maa uvo 
thousaid million s of dollars, and increasing at the i 
rate of two aiJion a 4ay, ia excess of the rats* i 
targume estimate of tiie daily receiptj into tlie 
Ireaaory from every source. (-"fh^.t'a S3.") j 
And every original Iriend of the Union (and taiy 
numhoied hundreds of thousfenda, aad were to bi 
Lund irlieith of tha .Stuiheru S'aiia), because of : 
the policy olAlr. idncolo.aie now oouad togaihar | 
aa one man to prevent such a rcuoioii 
aa I e and his ultra- partiaana, those i 
■who sl ape hi3 policy, alone offer them, la'the ! 
bc^inniog of tnia drtadful war, with a siiort- | 
a'ttitedrtaa av.d lolly ULeitumpled in any gover::- 
u.ent ibat civilized man baa ever li7ei uuar.-.Mr. 
L ntoln s'atcd ihai no nan Wi/8 hu;t, and his 
fcieaie'ary oi ctats, fiom tbfty daya to sixty daya, i 
wish a hallucination that abnoat aaaounta to in- 
sanity, haB predicted its early "and auccbssfjl | 
termination! Anuyttn ^oia on, aim ireasura 
andbiocd, deaier toua all than treasure, ia ai ! 
tS is moment being expended wi h >io apiiireat ! 
terjdency to a-ceonipliah theobje;;t of t'ie wat— rthe j 
o.'ly object lor -which, nndcr the Coastitution, ! 
it can be waged -the restoration of the Unin^ • 
in ita ciig'nil integrity.' (Great applause.) Tj! 
what is the failore 10 ba Aajnbed 1 Oar uoidina I] 
have oalnumb red t«o to oae thx-Keof the rebela. ! 
Our cavy, almoat as poweriui aa mat of auy na , 
ticn in the world; asd our officers, ia b^tri aer- ! 
vices, as skildul, ^allst- 1, and loyal as they wera j 
a: New Orlesiip, when we conquered -the veterui a [| 
of Well-cgicn in the war of 1812, aLd proved to h 
Eugtaid tliitt Uheii "uiwth ins oa th6 .oceaa !] 
wave, her home #>as "on tho deep," so was!! 
( urs, ana to it should remain forever. (Ciee:s.)i 
To whs.t cauee, the;-, is tiie tariu.'e to b i i 
i-eferred.? No man wto kniws whit th». i 
feelings cf the Bouthern people were when 
the war b%feaa, aad who will refl ct calmly j 
and wilheat prejudice, will hesitate to ascribe j 
ii to the policy wfuch Mr. Lincoln aud hia party ! 
nave faff the last two yeir.3 cdopied — eoifijcation ; 
acts rnd eii'.aLcipadonpruclumitionaandtlieout- j 
js^ea -^crpetrati-.d by some military n. en, unrt- | 
baked, wi-JCii have diiisj u.a. aati tire doing ua] 
i off; great hvrm in the es'inia 'on oi ;he civilized i 
wo.' Id. (ivpicuse.) If Mr. Lin^olcis rs- eieci- 
ed-( Voices— " Ho won't be) the same policy will 
be continued; and so far froai his h-tvcgi 
given any ridjLcatioa of 'ths pumoae cf chaDgia' 6 j 
ii ;tr a •» iter, a, more 'statj.S3-ifi> i e ai»d-Ajiu>E— 
-tii ff a«e etc. ^i» ~i.Xira1aive a<iheient2 on vha , 
s-'ump, ^-id through the press, are Or 
mair-ta'Ding a ' wftr of exte.'-mi^at'on j 
oi the ! white men of ' the Sou h, | 
("■Ihat'-ss-jl'M ' The conversion cf that bsau:.- j 
lul legion— a region from which coiiBthss m?l- •! 
liers have tn the paat been poured into the lap' of; 
th!3 siate-into a dt£.ert, atd then cillk'g i,, 
peace! ( "fcihime !") Hu-"ani!y ar.d pKriii i 
libfcity cry alovd against the fou! and tiendiifc j 
dbbigu. The peace that tlia vist majority of ir>e : 
people want aid pray far is a pease that wif , 
caste us »t;-in to be a baud of brothers living j 
vinder the Constitution thbt our la'.aara bi queath- 1 
ed us etjojicg theregu'tats 1-berty it is ao S.d- j 
mirably des'gned to seeur?, u^;d haviag one j 
aid the same destiny— that deetiuy whtc'i i 
an JiteUigeist at,d viituous peopl*, unier nhn 
OtBaliiuUorj, if lru<j to th«m selves, canach'eve— a ' 
deatiny ov individual happisess, gocii-1 prosper- 
ity, ard &n honored atd powjriul name. 
i'"'!iOud.") But to secuie thei the admiuistra- 
tinE B-utt be changed. It.ia obvioup, it must be 
cbvioua lo rb* dulled ii-.tiV.ec-, tuat ihia gloijiui 
cud canuotba aocomplmhed bj» Mr Lie coin, fira", 
beer.asc he is not leaving any of tha freedom of 
the ConeUtutiou so carefully s. cared. He is, at 
mi*, n.iy momeiii, tramping upon it all. 
individual protection agaraat the executive 
tyranny, where is it V Lick to the hundreds 
and thousands whom he has had iicarcaratad. 
Look to the hundreds oi injtances of dimes- 
iic sjaperp, whose edit'u-s wtra boaeat enough 
to denounce hie nobcy, euppreasad (Applauce.) 
Look to hia icdecentand shameless refusal even 
to listen to tne c urt^ens request of the editors — 
to one of ttaaa, the Baltimore Banning Poit— for 
mreet). tdou^a told to the pajer, 'Hiiiii was tbe 



preienss for its tuprjressiois ( ,, Sha>:#r')— ax 
hibited to him t« pr<>?e.U. tha;. i*, eo tta'ne-l noth 
ii g adverse to nim"dr Tiis'pbicy tha*. couli be 
doiaed diBJtiyal unless, it was t&at the e<Htor< 
preferred for the preaidrney for the neit 
four year?, JtcCla.-la'i and Penoleian to 
£ ncaiijt . ijjjd^ Jobs sfti- liGt«*ti apslv-ise.) 
Look to his more receat cotrsa and 
i; suiting la' guage to tbe le/niEtsaee dflegitie •, 
WiO applied fe him to protect tne citizen' of tuut 
stite aaa'ns'-. the totally illegal acd beastly cor- 
rupt millitary o.'der of hia military governor, 
iesuedjnO'. in a, private but official ca.pa.aity, the 
clear ano palpihle object of which was to praveot 
any vole beine cast in the state at tae ciming 
ehcion, except for hinself and hia milit^iy 
sa'rap. Lcok to . his supssqubtt letter 
on' the., sa^pie , subject, refusing to 
interfere, on the ritLcuijits and false 
ground th-.it it was a matter be- 
yoid his control, and ir suiting the on'raged peo- 
ple > f that gallant a,tate by telling them that ttio 
order wfcnla dathnm no t am, as it left thetn the 
option cf not vo iig at all — ihe cptic: of leaving 
Ihe election in that state- to be m%n«ged by Gov- 
ernor Johnson in his o*n way, ana > or his and 
llr. Lincojii's benefit. (Groats.) Ia the early 
days of this republic what would have besu the 
fate cf a Pref idei t who had committed such an 
act o* gross tyranny V Tbe devoted lovara of 
political freedom of ihcte da.ys would soon have 
latinfied him that be had better never had b; en 
born. As-d lastly, lcok at the scheme of arrest- 
ing the t-gei Is or your state who h-tve bean en- 
gaged ir>. obtaining the soloiera' voUs. I firmly 
Jjeheve ihas the areiense for tbe arrest is whsliy 
uufourded ( , 'Iliat , B,sa") I ^ut whether jit. ia so 
or lot, ilr. Lincoln has no more light to inter- 
fere withii by trial er pur ishment than he we-uld 
have to attemptsuch juriadiction over a fraud 
alleged to have been perpetrated in a foreign 
coyntrj. If there ^e#.oyoae right mora exoU- 
eively, b;loogiug to ths atataa toaa 
aiy other und»r the Con&titution, it is tha 
right t3 manage all of iieir elections 
in ili'.ir Oftp way, and by laws of their own 
creation. ' And look ta tha state of the cucraacy. 
( t voice — "flow are you, green -acks?'') " Ho j? 
cap. you cat'i v on -your buaineES with one ovt-n aa 
valueleaa as it is imw, apd cas-tain to becjui-,_teja 
valuaili if ilr. L'i colo is re-«, lee ed ("1'hu'a 
so." Appiauae.) Your state biiiks arj 'a b; 
d ive-i out vf txiaieace-thg taxiioa pyw.-r ia 
ti te ueei for that purposa. Tnis Mas 
euiLly avowfd on ■ the fleor of tha Ben - 
ate in -so masy, words. With a ca-rency 
so dvpreciated novf is t^e poor: mau to iupaj.t 
WiuseSf acd fjanlvr 'Bo,v - s tb-i e'erk or 
tgenc. or laborer,' to Lve-oa his fiitaen hufidiv-d 
or two thousand dollursV (' Sare enough.") Ii 
it/iji be ixtpoiBible. liain ia be:Oie yoa if Mr. 
Lircolii is fixed upon t^e cou^.ry 'o: four yaa;a 
luoie-. ( ' 'iha-'.'s eo. " ) ^e can arrest hi m ha\ 
one way- by voting for McCl«;:Un and Pe-sdle'c-n 
(Gnat aioph-use. "We.wiil.^we mu.") Th>-- 
cur.'Piey has been tampered with, "la* par'y of 
'a r. Lincola t tr^ck a blow at your in/nfcsjtj --aU; 
cottii-c .i for gat? by a r-idiculo'P and «ajl y il- 
legal law- 1 - It waa eo p lpably abaurd, uncoiRt:- 
tuiion,:l aud mtChj-^vous, init, in a frw uljfi 
after its pi oof cy Ur Lsncol?, it was rejiil-d 
by a vo!c nraily uua- imoua in sifjh 
h,J4ie. And .be ,au.t alamed. I kio^ ^nd 
I uii tuie you n>ill rot be by tie to 
t:Jly lib £i! military crcer oiGeuor^l Uix. Its 
putpeea i3 p:-il'..able, t>vd is a purpose that -»il 
|iu', lire witis ind gaa,'ipa tha he.trt of eva.-y ti-ue 
Ameiictn. (Applause.) "Bj'uoI alardifd iga n 
at th*. recant thi eat cojiing Iroai a parlia^n o 
Mr. Liieok's p*rty, but who, n^it lorg 3inoe 
stated to the Ame.ic^u pespVj 14 a carel'-hy 
dfa^tiiaper that he despised him : and ea'eoma 
him i oth aa fuel avti uaurpef. I allude to the 
threat made ic aepeeoh-in Philidciphia a night 
or two 8-rjei-, and published in tli9 Timts ae hs- 
p..per ot tc-day y tuat 'if N-W; Yori, date to 
wng^le £.t tl:c"rc : election ot Mr. Liacolc, she taast 
lo:k°o t er por 1 ." Your pori. is to be blocx-dad, 
ytur cabtoui-hcuae ctossd, mai-nal law declared, 
if exeicisiig tte ri^nta uf frea.aeu, cr if. you 



sus^~ssfc R B-s:sB'tt 

consequent on -fese '.?,.;. vrl it is Bad 
, 10 la£>ns of the ^-^XutV-i^-thej 
t0 T fnch SuZ continue jrf»out fearfalcoa- 

tachment to japeny, »» J !"i . 



dwhg which Mr Jebp.QB retired.) 

SrJtECH OF KKC.ORDKB aOFlfljLi>. 

Hon. John X., HorLiian, i.eftjr<Msr °* theory, 
was next introduced amid load applause. low 
tears ago he said, this naUon w*s engaged in a 

of success, bad o:gasized in the country. 

SSSi honorable peMStttifr *t£ n £i 

placing It* K««° w ^Vh e ei» ? *U« AM^iau'. 
and, 8^ten»v», ( V 0Ul1 c(l6el ^- ) a W kicked re - 
Lincoln cite in J?©*" . £. 20V erBJneat 



Li,, otpiutd .that US ^U^Udiw, 

ttL d flom „»S%a?T there is no solitary re* o- 

So housed EiJioDB, fttd a ftntfod ubt 
J ,«n tbous-nd millions more, and jour 
o, two ibotib. «>} C0U iity. and town oe.ts 

°dd hun&aSS & C. Everything you 
5 f «1 tv,^ H j e vou are boi 1 to the time you 
o"?s£«d ? 6 K days agp the ***** ** 
™blWd mi a*i~.e i&ttaded to be very coajola- 
LiVtotheAinerioatt people, showing that our 
K 1 ere not yet as gr:«* as those of ELgUad 
1 a fw' tii VfrusoW. ) If m three years a 
CuWio^dS^S we km come to such 
IS tJ»tit»»ece aW «y;ott»ke * W>« 
KkraeB oar taxes and thoss of England 
Ld " Auetii., it ifl better, to change the 
Siinifitutwn, lest tfcc MM co*e when 



the Anlif -Rw* '»W k jjj^'Sfu 
coBSolatoiv ar idea. .In*efe«i*g to this m iot- 

us remember the fteiwh aBUgnata and the ^ 
coB(intBtal*nrrercy. "Uole s we elee, a» es- 
mSatWB which >ill giva os ***£««j»«* 
at da better sy stem of Unfwcetha* *•»»•"* 
in power h*s done, we may be perpetaa lly re- 
mildcdtf the French ssaJgaaia and the eonu-. 
utntal currency.. (A PP Uu,e ) la ";«*"-. 
ssr 7. here to call over ihe list of the mou. 
SrMitiM of th-.s admimVraM -n. Need 3 <>« be re- 
mit ded of the suppression of the habeas carrot 
the arrest and it carceration ot pe"*^" 1 ""* 
of t'. e enppiefision oi mwbpapew? The editor 
of ibeonly McCleUsn paper in Maryland, «bA 
tad btefc fuppiessed by Abraham Linoolp, wait- 
ed, the otlier "day, seven hcurs in the ante- reom 
ci the While Houle.wi ha letter to lie Presi- 
dent fern the distinguished senator who Preced- 
ed rce, simply to ask the permission of .his royal 
■ ajwty Lincoln to be al'owed to pabhah b£ 
ps.pei; »nd he was not even recognized as mnch 
as the Venial at the door. Weed y n bo reminde* 
of the adt of Conarefs that the. order o£ 
AbiaUm L-nooln shall be a aufliownt de- 
fence in any court fvr any act dona 
or omitted to be i one by any of the president a 
minioisV Need 3 on he remmded that Andrew 
Johnson, m I'tary governor of T wm ap-. 
cointtd by Mr, Lincoln and tha cindi aie tor. 
Vice-Pre=ideit on the ticket with Mr. L'Jicoln, 
hSifauTf & n order for an ekefcoa-oatb ,de«gne4 
to prevei t any McClellan man in thai suts froaa 
yoivs atd'ihat Mr. Lincoln, when caUed upon 
by the eitaSMB of that state to ask for Ireedom of 
th» ballot, merely answeied them that hein- 
1 teidid to manage h's side of thiBelectioiunhia 
own way, (-'shame, Lhams,' ) aid that 
h * hi r written letter on the subject a 
few d*Ns afterwards he deolaied It 
lad no" pew r over lecal matters » Sine, 
when has Mr. Lincoln declined to interfere in the 
aflaiis of stetea? Me seems to have changed his 
ruim! a * a z:r,gly since wher, in the ^8 ot the 
free people of this covntry, he has arrested tha 
Kiw-YMk state • gents, Upxisoned he» and 
tried them by miliary wiammm. ( » h o ^ 
shaae." Applause.) It m -said ib.t a m?«,ng 
iste beheld 10 rar.iow by ireit aftllu K « »nv 
aelvea WarDemocra's. but whose objeci m to 
te'pie-.-lejt Mr. Lnciln. Thev may atte:np. 
to cover themselves, with ihe hsju-skm 
Is m^ Is they pli «e, tat every boi) r wiU know 
that it is Sngg, the Jo ner. ( LfcU §kt~r. ) i 
am resided by them th',t os mtng ^B tha 
street to-dav I saw, ia iiont of one of the g.ores, 
what looked very much like a big bl ick bear, but, ■ 
« QloS ^inspecLn.I four.d that it was merety . * 
sign that there wer* «ow« for sale lasid^ 
Laughter ) fle was completely sewed up; hw 
eyesVe gUssy.and, geatienun, that bewwM 
veiv de^d So those eeutlKaen wio att.mft,. 
uSKrante. of war B D T o«ats to „ ry anv 
part of tte Democratic party over b the roppcrt. 
^• r the aiohtio.uts, will tiad, bejore the, get 
togh. _th»t they are ^y ^d. ^L^gter 

it is - ot certain who so :a of the genjejeen 
wL oee ; names are me,ti;,cd V«"ffi»«Vj 
Tv aff-ir Will ^ote tar aftvr all. (^fcf*' * 

w p ' 'IheVll vuti icr McClelUn.") The acts 

° w, re of the B*ato Oi New-York iVom voting 
S rle,oui.to excUe the ind gnalkion'of .ever* 
* 6 t ict *Ven»l Nor:b, 0' Oteego county oi.thi» 
patriot ■ %o t> ™ d j^ti.n, a man w 11 

^ru'i^thesto, isthe state* agent 
Kc-wn^nr » ui Washington. t*r 

°h 6 J Jic«?ofa&in>,f»«« ether things^ 

Pl eridn ^£,°*2S£aW Strt eren laving 
hid vhe cm o'^y^.f-. Be *Oje wan.d haye 



at le-tt have uicgrapue-a .0 me governor «X the 
Silt ot New Yolk, if he b-heved j&ute ,fcad- 
5 «n «aSed, and" said: "JEc* »|««*» 
ben aireeted »r^«»»g: 
Send oh &r other in hs placer' bo, too,jn re.- 
e4" 3 e toHhe two men in Baltiroore-of wfecmt 
W-* ntth-iur-wLo weie seiaed and^ tn«l 
It ml 'aiy commission, and sentenced, 
Kforo »T oj. P oituni;y of defease 
was eiven ' to shvw wheihsr or cot 
it is m rely a plot of the adminiatratioa to sacri- 
fice ft. m I m'Kry to ^y that Horatio bey- 
"'„[*« trcm»£oous choera for Governor 
SemoS the governor of tee State, ot Nc.t- 
York (cheers), «Ve moral character a ae ptrw 
»ahfsVeco'3,hus-taken the matter m hand, and 
will demat d satisfaction (chsors) ; aad the mra- 
enU jcu:n8ls who huve dared to ttmi ij»9 
pure a: ma io co S nectu a with tbia matter. *«J 
to-day been obliged to acknowledge that the>r 
chMgeswereiaUe. (Chteia ) . G ^ e "i v H ^ 4 rfe 
War2 appointed and coEindsaioned by Go*j 
elner'Sejmour to visit h ; s old brigade and 
circulate votes ar&otig them, when ke armed.13 
wSto was told by the War .Deputmeifc 
loathe should not go uiar his o.d men. 



~J 



("Shame.") As to General McClellan' s answer 

}0 tile llild' 



,,, Ulc u.iders that have been 1 heaped upoa biro, 
tis cnlynecesearyfor hLa to say that he Vis 
called to ihe command of the army upon the re-. 
corrmtr daiion oi Ueneral Scott (appUtjajT) ; thaC 
neVas "Swftwndy thanked by the fre itera 
Vireiua legisiutaje ; ihat Cocgreai twice umbi- 
moifsly tender, d its thanks to him and that 
Abrolam Lincoln iimeelf h-s thanked hina 
l Cri .tehven thousand times; lor, f*Mr*> ■ 
Wle^raphed to him "Ten thousand thanks; ar 
arid en July 5, he adds a thousand raor • > 
<&$f.) His pl-tfim ie his rpc- 
and h's lettjr of aaatptasca. hut 
plaiform is his loiter "xo whom i.maj r. - 
ccrn : ' i'lehipe of the country is m the OJBBa.i'- 
ative party. , |remont »ya Lint O^s adntmis ra- 
t ■- ntas Leer: militarily, pohtsoalrj aad fij*n«..- 
17 a failure. Fanaticism never saved a oouotrr. 
It has sea mauy ams.nta the stale as a saartjr 
but never pluck/doa« fro^the ll«f-%XJ 
through toa wojid b*s been parked bj bloodshed 
and desolaiicn; it has levsled many templea and 
nalaci s to the ground, but tevor erejted anchor 
in their etead. It has^^lun^^ E»ny 
vfc opie m -s-Vjr^jniHratioBi oX^AbraV.L. 
EKn is leTfetetted thvoagh yonrfald my 

tw wiil ctconc a oGunterpa- 1 of M=xu.o- w ,ua 
rally then and, by a -d»o-ded majority a< the 
„S(*0-' »f« Mr- L:ncolato ur.d3.sUni 
UTt hisTeuncssee ekctioo, his tewly-creaUd 
ata'es Hs inierrtreiee with our Holders' vote., 
atdwithkcal matters every .her., have bee* 
n-ukldby the people with their seal of cou-, 
demration, »d o»o, the 4th of March next th r, 
"hail be inaugurated into , w> ..« : a . ae» admiBT|x 
iraiicn ccnstivative in us teEdeneieB, aaanav 
1" tor its cue condition ,f peace, the restora- 
■,'ioii c'f the Unian utdjr the CjMBtouuoa. (.are*.. 

U ^iC tale, routing cbeen for McClellan aud 
PetdSo*. them c^teg^tthiB Blasd adjourned. 

STAiJ D NUMBER TWO. 

The meeting was called to order at tb/.B Btixid 
, M ,,ftY«tniia* BiQQueat aaribsee »e-.e 
^,de by ih S I Aiken, ol Waslii.gton, Ho,. 
GilbutW, Obtain Laiah Uyndere, Chaonc a , 
Shaiie/, Henry C. Meade, and ^lderuan Dau 6 - 
las, of Brooklyn. 

TAKD NUMBER THRE£. 

5 lii« stand was located corner of Broad street 
and Excbange Place. The mieting was orgau- 
"d OV HirLl Keichum, Sr , who noaiina^d 
Eaa W.Goediidge, as permanent taw. 

P- y- \ 1 C r te H°H T oVa:t e3 W^d, Li 1 euLant: 
&e i ritn, J fca?tag°Ne a W t ei 1 .F r an C i B J.Tac i er, 

I fcud gttiwa »poi« at this Btaad. 



/ , 




Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation ------ Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor 

Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, Port Wayne, Indiana 



Number 1106 



FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 



June 19, 1950 



RADICAL DEMOCRACY CONVENTION, 
CLEVELAND 

(Political Puzzle of 1864 No. 5) 

Groups opposed to the reelection of Abraham Lincoln 
in 1864, already rebuffed in two organized efforts to side- 
track his nomination, planned a third and more potent 
effort to prevent his selection as a presidential candidate. 
They called a conclave to proceed by one week the regular 
political convocation of the party set for June 7th. Com- 
pletely failing in their effort to start a Chase for Presi- 
dent boom by the use of the Pomeroy circular and also 
repudiated in their attempt to postpone the Baltimore 
convention, they sent out a call for a political conclave 
to be held at Cleveland on May 31. 

The call was addressed to "The Radical Men of the 
Nation" and signed by R. Gratz Brown, Lucius Robinson, 
John Cochran, Frederick Douglas, Elizabeth Cady Stan- 
ton, George B. Cleaver, James Redpath, Wendell Phillips 
and Emil Pretorious. An observer classified those inter- 
ested in this project in three groups: 1. Extreme Aboli- 
tionists, 2. Administration Foes, 3. Rebel Sympathizers. 
The party name chosen was "Radical Democracy." 

The editor of Harper's Weekly drew this conclusion 
about the call for the political conclave: "Its ostensible 
motive was dissatisfaction with the administration but its 
chief inspiration was the desire for personal revenge. It 
was the work partly of angry and intriguing, partly of 
impractical men. . . . The Cleveland Convention was 
called by men who despaired of controlling the Union 
Convention at Baltimore." 

The time element was an important factor in the set- 
ting up of this meeting. Its sponsors felt that with a 
candidate already in the field, by placing the meeting a 
week earlier than the Baltimore gathering, they would 
make the latter assembly appear as a divisive movement. 

The person around which this effort began to evolve 
was General John C. Fremont. He was the Republicans 
unsuccessful candidate for the presidency in 1856. Yet 
the fact that he was the first nominee of the Republican 
party for the presidency gave him some strength among 
the founders. It is a strange coincident that Abraham 
Lincoln in the 1856 convention was seriously considered 
for the Vice-Presidency as a running mate for Fremont. 
With a little more effort on the part of Lincoln's friends 
the first Republican ticket might have read "Fremont and 
Lincoln." Although Lincoln with 110 votes ran second to 
Dayton in the contest, the latter secured the nomination. 

Two other factors contributed to Fremont's support. 
The rabid abolitionists were back of him for his procla- 
mation liberating slaves. Lincoln considered this a 
political thrust rather than "within the range of military 
necessity." This proclamation Lincoln rescinded and drew 
upon himself the life long enmity of Fremont. The other 
factor was Fremont's attack on the Blairs which en- 
couraged the anti-Blair factions to support Fremont. 

As early as March 1864 Fremont had signified his 
intentions of soliciting the presidential nomination. It 
was anticipated, however, by his early supporters that 
he would seek the nomination through the usual channels 
of the National Union Convention, but when it became 
evident that Lincoln would likely be renominated, his 
more ardent supporters looked for other means for his 
advancement. 



One editor reacted to the Fremont candidacy as fol- 
lows: "With what profound sorrow those who have 
known the name of Fremont only as the watchword of 
Liberty and Union now hear him repeating the cry of 
Vallandigham and the Copperheads, adopting their ex- 
treme position as his own. . . . Was it worth-while to 
cease to be the Fremont of June 1856 to be the Fremont 
of June 1864?" 

One of the earliest telegrams to come out of the Cleve- 
land Convention on May 31 was sent to Secretary Blair 
by E. Cowles, postmaster of Cleveland, who stated: 
"Convention tremendous fizzle less than two hundred 
from abroad consisting of disappointed contractors, sore- 
head governors and copperheads." A ludicrous incident 
occurred in the convention when the same postmaster 
Cowles went to the platform to interview a person seated 
there and was called "vociferously for a speech" although 
a loyal Lincoln man. 

Lincoln received a report of the convention in its early 
stages from S. Newton Pettis who wrote: 

"I left the monster convention a few minutes since and 
in all sincerity I must say that up to the present time 
it is the most perfect failure, the most magnificent fizzle 
I ever looked in upon claiming to be a convention. It has 
neither members nor talent to commend it to confidence 
and is destitute of all enthusiasm. Take from the body 
assembled Gen. John Cochran of New York and ex Gov. 
Johnson of Pennsylvania and in my opinion a motion to 
go into mourning would be perfectly in order upon any 
member of the convention. . . . Fremont men seem deter- 
mined to control and run the convention, with him all 
the time in command." 

General Fremont's acceptance of the Cleveland nomi- 
nation was also timed so as to prevent if possible the selec- 
tion of Mr. Lincoln at Baltimore. On the very eve of the 
convention Fremont's political letter was published. He 
took occasion to reveal that the ground on which he stood 
is "implacable hostility to the continuance of the admin- 
istration in power." The editor of the New York Herald 
sums up Fremont's purpose in these words which might 
be called Fremont's message to the Baltimore Conven- 
tion: 

"Drop Abraham Lincoln and nominate a new man, and 
I am with you, but if you put up Mr. Lincoln for a second 
term I will do my best as an independent candidate to 
defeat his election." 

The main objective of the Cleveland convention and the 
subsequent acceptance letter of its candidate both failed 
to disturb as anticipated, the procedure of the Baltimore 
convention. Joseph Gillespie wrote to Lincoln on June 10, 
1864 his reaction to the Cleveland proceedings in these 
words : 

"There is an evident giving way of the friends of 
Fremont. I think his nomination and his acceptance was 
intended to frighten your friends into the nomination of 
some one other than yourself. But since that could not 
be done they will now place themselves in cooperation 
with the copperheads, for my opinion is that there will 
not be a corporal's guard left with Fremont by the elec- 
tion day who were of the Union Party." 

The friends of Fremont did not entirely give up until 
after the Democratic Convention at Chicago, hoping he 
might be recognized there. He was never much stronger 
than he was in March when he was first set forth as a 
candidate. 



yy-e-c^^ /^^wC^vl A c c t . - R e i n aurance 





Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation ------ Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor 

Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana 



Number 1130 



FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 



December 4, 1950 



THE FREMONT WITHDRAWAL 

(Political Puzzle of 1864 No. 11) 

Historians have given much attention to the with- 
drawal of presidential candidate, John C. Fremont, from 
the political campaign of 1864. Neither at the time of 
his nomination nor during the intervening months up to 
his retirement, did he have any considerable number of 
followers, but he did personify the opposition to the 
administration. His own personal hostility to Mr. 
Lincoln kept him in the race until the growing strength 
of the President swept aside nominal opposition. The fact 
that the announcement of Fremont's withdrawal from the 
contest on September 21, was followed two days later 
by the retirement of Montgomery Blair as Secretary of 
the Treasury has led many historians to support the 
thesis that some deal was made between the President 
and Fremont with Thad. Stevens presumably holding 
the stakes. The friends of Fremont deny this and anyone 
who believes in the integrity of Lincoln and then reads 
his reply to Stevens on this same subject will have 
difficulty in concluding that any preliminary promises 
were made. 

As early as March 9, 1864 J. Woodruff wrote to Abra- 
ham Lincoln a word of warning about his retaining 
members of the Blair family in his cabinet. He stated: 
"You will be politically ruined if you hold on to the Blair 
tribe much longer. They never had anything to do with 
any one unless they left their sting. I am afraid you 
will find this out too late. If you will kick them out of 
your presence you will be our next President and other- 
wise you will not." Such warnings reached Lincoln 
periodically throughout the summer months of 1864 from 
the many enemies of the prominent Maryland family and 
there is no doubt that he realized the Blairs were a 
political debit long before Fremont's entrance into the 
contest. 

It is apparent that up to the very hour of the opening 
of the Chicago Democratic Convention on August 29 
Fremont was more or less hopeful of running against 
the President in 1864. With the little show of interest 
manifested in his candidacy by the Union Party he began 
to court the Democrats and when the delegates took their 
seats at Chicago they found in each chair a circular 
advocating Fremont's nomination. His failure to receive 
any recognition by the convention paved the way for his 
fading out of the political picture. 

The strange procedure of the Chicago Convention 
which nominated a war candidate to run on a peace 
platform prohibited the enemies of the administration 
from throwing their strength to the Democrats as the 
influential Thurlow Weed had proposed to do. The action 
of the Convention caused the Astor House clique in New 
York City to call another meeting which attempted to 
bring all the forces, critical of the administration, to- 
gether. Weed wrote to Seward that he had been invited 
to collaborate with the group that contained many of 
his personal enemies. He also advised the Secretary of 
State that the last meeting of the anti-Lincoln junto "was 
held last week in the house of Dudley Field. It was at- 
tended by H. Greeley, Goodwin, Wilkes, Tilman, Opdyke, 
Curtis, Noyes and twenty-five others of the same stripe." 

Apparently one of the projects developed by the group 
was the sending out of a questionnaire to the governors 



of the various states attempting to learn the political 
strength of the President. These are the three questions 
which were submitted: 

1. In your judgment is the re-election of Mr. Lincoln 
a probability? 

2. In your judgment can your own state be carried for 
Mr. Lincoln? 

3. In your judgment do the interests of the Union 
Party, and so the country, require the substitution of 
another candidate in the place of Mr. Lincoln? 

Governor James T. Lewis of Wisconsin answered the 
third question in these words: "In my judgment the 
interests of the Union Party, the honor of the nation, and 
the good of mankind demands that Mr. Lincoln should 
be sustained and re-elected." However as late as Septem- 
ber 18 a note was written to Montgomery Blair and shown 
to Lincoln which submitted this problem: "With such men 
as Belmont, Sherman and Corwin and other millionaires 
against us you can see how easily it would be to get a 
corruption fund of ten or twenty million greenbacks put 
up by parties who if successful would gather four times 
the amount." On the same day Thurlow Weed wrote 
to Seward that: "Raymond says Mr. Lincoln is refusing 
to avail of an element of strength. This if it be needed 
is not wise, is not well, if all is right without it, then let 
it go. But I would hold the power until after the October 
elections." This reference may have been to the Fremont 
support. 

There can be no question but what the withdrawal of 
Fremont and the subsequent resignation of Blair clarified 
the political situation and presented a united front for 
administration forces. While the followers of Fremont 
and the anti-Lincoln constituency which used Fremont 
as a threat were pacified, Montgomery Blair and his fol- 
lowers were not offended. The Lincoln Papers in the 
Library of Congress contained a letter written immedi- 
ately after the resignation by Francis Preston Blair, Jr., 
in answer to a letter from his father, F. P. Blair. It hints 
that possibly Montgomery Blair was a voluntary sacrifice 
on the altar of Lincoln's political success in 1864. 

Here are some of the junior F. P. Blair's reactions 
to his brother Judge Montgomery Blair's resignation: 
"Indeed before I received your letter my instinct told 
me that my brother had acted his part for the good of the 
country and for the reelection of Mr. Lincoln in which 
the safety of the country is involved. I believe that the 
failure to reelect Mr. Lincoln would be the greatest 
disaster that could befall the country and the sacrifice 
made by the judge to arrest this is so incomparatively 
small that I felt it would not cost him a pang to make." 
The brother of the retiring Postmaster General con- 
cluded his letter with this comment: "I have no fears 
if Mr. Lincoln's election is assured, no matter what his 
personal disposition may be towards us or what his 
political necessities may compel him to do." 

Lincoln received many comments on the withdrawal of 
Blair and one writer suggested that Horace Greeley 
should be his successor. An Albany correspondent states, 
"Sheridan's victory is glorious but it is excelled by the 
removal of Blair." Still another critic felt that, "The 
change will be worth thousands of votes to you and our 
country's cause."